The Subject of the Russian Federation:
Federal District: The Far Eastern Federal District
Area: 898,2 km2
Population: 174 784 persons.
Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk — is a city (from 1905) in Russia, administrative center of the Sakhalin region.
Founded in 1882.
The area of the city : 898,2 km ².
Population: 174,784 (Census 2010).
The city began as a small Russian settlement called Vladimirovka . From 1905 to 1945 the city was part of Japan. Administrative arrangements and territorial division of Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk varied with historical conditions. Sakhalin was inhabited by convicted and exiled people, as Tsar Government failed to organize free colonization of the island.
At the end of XIX — in early XX century Vladimirovka was a typical Russian settlementwith sole, mainly medium and small, farms. The central part of the settlement was located north of the present plant of leather and rubber footwear, and the skirts was on the site of the present main Central Post Office. After Southern Sakhalin was annexed to the USSR a new system of government was formed. The town of Toyoharu became a part of Yuzhno-Sakhalinsky district.
Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk is far from the sea, about 50 km from western coast, 25 km from eastern coast and 20 km from Aniv gulf washing the island from the south. From the east Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk is protected by mountains. The city is located on a valley surrounded by knolls, that is why its climate is very specific, different from that of towns on seaside. In summer it can be very hot in Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk and in winter because of lack of wind - very frosty.
Major industries are energy and oil and gas industry in Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk.
The headquarters of the company “Sakhalinenergo” - the largest power company in the Russian East is located in Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk city. Exxon Neftegaz Limited, Sakhalin Energy, Schlumberger and Gasprom offices are located in the city – project developer of Sakhalin-1, Sakhalin-2, largest oil and gas projects of the Far Eastern of Russia.
International airport “Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk”
Stations “Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk” and “Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk cargo”.
There is no rail road in Sakhalinsk.
• Amaliya Mordvinova (b. 1973)- actress and radio presenter, constant author and presenter of “Good hunting” on the Echo of Moscow radio
• Elena Mayorova(1958-1997)- Soviet and Russian theater and cinema actress, Honoured Artist of FSFSR
• Sakhalin State Regional Museum of Local Lore
• Sakhalin Regional Art Museum
• Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk Literary and Art Museum of “Sakhalin Island”, a book by A.P.Chekhov
• Drama Theatre named after A.P. Chekhov
• Concert Hall "Capriccio"
• Sakhalin Regional Puppet Theatre