The Subject of the Russian Federation:
Federal District: The Privolzhsky Federal District
Area: 622,46 km2
Population: 603 800 persons.
Ulyanovsk is a city in Russia, an administrative center of the Ulyanovsk oblast.
Population: 603,800 (as of 2009).
The year of foundation: 1648.
The city's area is: 622.46 km².
The city is divided into 4 districts.
Ulyanovsk was founded in 1648 by Tsar Alexey Mikhailovich’s decree as a fortress Sinbirsk (later Simbirsk).
In 1774 captive Emelyan Pugachev was brought to Simbirsk and was interrogated from October 2nd till 6th. On October 26th Pugachev was sent from Simbirsk to Moscow. In 1780 Simbirsk became the main city of newly formed vicegerency. Since 1796 Simbirsk was a gubernia city.
In 1864, on August 12th, a most terrifying fire broke out in Simbirsk. It lasted for 9 days. Only 1/4th of the city was saved. Karamzin library, Spassky monastery, 12 churches, a post-office, all the best private houses were burnt. In 1898 the railway connected the city with Inza, in early 20th century - with Bugulma.
The city was a part of the Srednevolzhskaya oblast (Krai) since 1928, of Kuybyshevskaya oblast - since 1936. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, the importance of Ulyanovsk tourism went down dramatically.
In the 80s of the previous century the aviation complex was built in Ulyanovsk. The city turned into a large scientific, industrial and cultural centre of Russia and the Volga region.
In the 90th years the city went through hard times –because of the decline in production in all sectors and mass unemployment. Positive changes begun in the early 2000s - the mechanisms of market economy started to work in Ulyanovsk; the incomes of the population began to increase.
The basis of the city's economy is the machine building and metalworking that are represented bythe aircraft, instrumentation, machine tool and automotive industries.
Ulyanovsk is an important hub of the Kuybyshev railway , it has one main and 3 minor train stations.
There are 2 airports near the city - Ulyanovsk-Centralny and Ulyanovsk-Vostochny (the international one).
The Ulyanovsk river port is located on the right bank of the Volga in Zheleznodorozhny district.
Ulyanovsk city transportation is represented by trams, trolley-buses, buses and minivans. There is one peculiarity in the city: all the tram routes are situated in the right part of it, while trolley-buses serve the left part. Several highways of regional significance cross the city of Ulyanovsk:
· A151 Ulyanovsk - Tsivilsk, entry into the federal highway M7
· P178 Ulyanovsk-Saransk - Dimitrovgrad - Samara
· R228 Ulyanovsk - Syzran - Saratov - Volgograd
· R241 Ulyanovsk - Buinsk - Kazan
· Places of interest
· Museum-Memorial of Lenin
· The state historical and memorial museum and reserve 'V.I. Lenin's homeland'The main branch museum of the civil aviation history
The longest in Europe and the world third longest Prezidentsky bridge
Emergency phone numbers
· All the emergency services from the cellular phone – 112
· Suicide and crisis hotline — (8422) 42-0025
Sources of information on the region tourist facilities
Oblast state-financed organization Ulyanovsky oblast resource centre of tourism and service development — (8422) 42-0575
The Russian ministry of Emergency situations territorial bodies
The Russian ministry of Emergency Ulyanovsk oblast headquarters:
Ulyanovsk, Karla Marksa Str., 121
The headquarters receiving office phone number: (8422) 42-6401