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Tomsk

White Cathedral MosqueThe building of Tomsk city  administration Memorial stone at ground baseThe house of architec  Kryachkova A. D.

The Subject of the Russian Federation:
Tomsk Region

Federal District: The Siberian Federal District

Area: 294,6 km2
Population: 521 635 persons.


Description

Tomsk — a city in Russia, an administrative center of the Tomsk Oblast.

Population: 521 635 people (2009).

The year of foundation: 1604.

The city's area is 294.6 km².

Internal division into 4 districts

History

The Tomsk fortress was built on the southern cape of the Resurrection Mountain, overlooking the right bank of the Tom. In the XVIII century borders of the Russian government moved far to the south and east, local nomadic tribes were suppressed, and Tomsk lost its defensive significance.

In 1719 Tomsk was added to the Yenisei province.

During the Great Patriotic War about 30 enterprises from the European part of Russia were evacuated in Tomsk. During the war time the volume of industrial production in Tomsk was tripled. The administrative status of the city also changed — on the 13th of August, 1944 the Tomsk oblast was established and Tomsk became a regional center.

In 1990s in Tomsk, as in most Russian cities, there was a decline in industrial production, particularly in engineering, oriented on military government orders, in the uncompetitive light industry.

Geographical position

Tomsk is located in the south-east of the West-Siberian Plain, on the right bank of the river Tom. The city is situated on the edge of the taiga natural zone: impassable forests and swamps stretch to the north, forests and forest-steppe alternate to the south. Distance to Moscow is 3,5 thousand km. 

Industry

Tomsk is one of the largest industrial centers in Western Siberia. Major industries in Tomsk: fuel, mechanical engineering and metal working, power industry, forestry and timber processing industry, chemicals and petrochemicals.

Transportation

In 1967 the airport "Bogashevo" was opened, in 20 km to the south from Tomsk. Regular flights to Moscow, Novosibirsk, Barnaul, Nizhnevartovsk, Strezhevoy, Surgut, Yekaterinburg.

The city has two bridges over Tom: the Communal (the southern) and the Seversky (the northern).

Tomsk is a small railway junction on the single-track branch of the Taiga — Bely Yar (the Tomsk railway branch), connecting Tomsk with the Trans-Siberian Railway.

Water transport is carried out mainly by the Tomsk shipping company. Passenger flights depart from the river station, such boats as "Dawn", "Moscow" are used. During the summer time there are flights to the Semeikin island, Nizhniy Sklad and others. River vessels are also used for the organization of country walks, boating. 

Major urban and suburban passenger transportation is carried out by buses. There are 40 bus routes in Tomsk in all. There are also trolley buses, trams and taxis among types of public transport.

Attractions

  • Tomsk Regional Art Museum
  • Tomsk Regional Historical Museum
  • Church of the Slovushiy Resurrection
  • Bridge over the Ushaika River
  • Building of the Circuit Court
  • P.I. Makushin House of Science
  • House with Dragons

Famous people of the city

  • Mikhail Bakunin (1814 – 1876) – a Russian thinker, a revolutioner, an anarchist, a Pan-Slavist, one of ideologists of the narodnik movement
  • Gavriil Batenkov (1793 – 1863) – a Decembrist, a writer
  • Nikolay Kluyev (1884 – 1937) – a Russian poet, a representative of the so-called new-peasant movement in the Russian poetry of the XX century
  • Alexander Radischev (1749 – 1802) – a Russian writer, a philosopher, a poet, a head of the St.Petersburg’s Customs and a participant of the Law Commission