The Subject of the Russian Federation:
Federal District: The Central Federal District
Area: 152 km2
Population: 410 400 persons.
Tver is a city in Russia, the administrative center of the Tver oblast.
The year of foundation: 1135.
The city's area is 152 km².
The city population is 405 thousand people.
Is divided into 4 districts
Tver was first mentioned in the annals in 1208-1209. Birchbark manuscripts, found on March 26, 1983 and August 23, 1985 at the territory of the Tver Kremlin, are dated back to the end of XII or the beginning of XIII centuries. In the first third of the XIII century Tver was part of the Pereyaslavsk principality. In 1238 the city was ravaged by the Mongols, but quickly recovered from the defeat. About 1247 Tver was given in the inheritance of Prince Alexander Nevsky, between 1252 and 1255 it was passed to his brother Yaroslav Yaroslavich – the founder of the Tver duke dynasty. In 1247 Tver became the capital of the Tver principality. In the 1764-1766, there was built the main attraction of Tver – the en route imperial Palace of the Empress Catherine.
After the February Revolution of 1917 in Tver there was organized by the Interim Executive Committee of NGOs that worked until October 1917. After the Great Patriotic War there appeared in the city a second bridge. Dismantled bridge elements received from Leningrad were used as spans of the bridge.
On February 4, 1971, the city was awarded the Order of the Red Banner of Labor for the success of the five-year plan for the development of industrial production. On July 17, 1990, by a decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet city returned to its historic name and emblem.
In 1991 the seventh general plan of city development was enacted, that is still in effect.
Major industries in Tver are mechanical engineering, chemical and light industry, electric power ones.
The railway main line St. Petersburg – Moscow (the main route of the Oktyabrskaya railway) goes through the city. There are 4 operation and halt stations of the main route inside the city borders – Lazurnaya, Tver, Proletarskaya, Doroshikha. Suburban trains to Moscow, Bologoye, Torzhok and Vasilyevsky Mokh leave from the station. Passing long distance trains that connect Moscow to St. Petersburg and other north-western cities of Russia and Finland, Estonia, as well as those connecting St. Petersburg to Nizhny Novgorod and the cities of the south of Russia dnd eastern Ukraine, stop at the station.
Tver is a great transportation junction. The federal highway Rossiya M10 Moscow – St. Petersburg that is a part of the all-European transport corridor passes through its western and southern outskirts. Highways A112 to Rzhev, R84 to Bezhetsk – Vesyegonsk, R90 to Volokolamst as well as many roads of local significance begin here (Turginovskoye, Savvatyevskoye high road and some others.)
Buses to cities and settlements of the Tver oblast (including all the district centres) and neighbouring oblasts leave from the bus station. Commercial buses leave from the station square for Moscow. Three types of city transportation are functioning in Tver; they are trams, trolley buses and buses.
The operating Migalovo airport is situated at the western border of the city.
In the Zavolzhsky district outskirts the Zmeyovo airport is situated.
At the left Volga bank, at the arm of the Volga and Tvertsa there stands the river boat station; at the right bank, over the Vostochny bridge, one can find the buildings of the Tver river port. Not far from the Zvezda cinema there operates the runabout river tram.
Places of interest
· The great imperial en route palace
· The church of the White Trinity (Beloy Troitsy), the oldest building in Tver, XVI century
· The historical built-up environment of the XVIII century “The Three-beam symmetry” at the centre of Tver
· The Tver household museum
· The arm at the Tvertsa and Volga confluence, the historical site of the Otroch monastery.