The Subject of the Russian Federation:
Federal District: The Privolzhsky Federal District
Area: 393 km2
Population: 827 000 persons.
Saratov —is a largecity in the south-east of European Russia, administrative center of Saratov oblast.
Year of foundation: 1590.
Population: about 827 000 people.
The urban area comprises 393 square km.
From the first days of its existence Saratov was fighting. Until the first half of the XVIII century it suffered assaults and ravagings from steppe Kalmyks and Kuban Tatars. During the Time of Troubles, in 1604 the city was occupied by an impostor, Ilya from Murom that had taken the name of Pyotr Fyodorovich, the son of Tzar Fyodor Ioannovich.
In 1670 Saratov became one of the centre of peasant war led by Stepan Razin that established a Cossack rule there – “Kozachy Krug” (the Cossack circle).
In 1707 Saratov was sieged by Kondraty Bulavin's troups, that caused the city much trouble. Twice – in 1695 and 1722 – it was visited by Peter the Great, that generously presented lands “with forests, hayfields and fishing places”, that were seen from above the Sokolinaya mountain, to the city.
In 1747 the so-called “Solyanoye upravleniye” (the salt government) was established there, and that fact made Saratov an important trade and production centre, a large terminal point, where fish and salt trade flourished. Those who visited Saratov then said that “one can regard it as one of the best Volga provincial cities”.
Saratov viceregency was established in 1780; Saratov received the status of the main city in this new viceregency (guberniya since 1797). The coat of arms given to the city (three sterlets on the blue field) signified the fish abundance of the region. In XIX Saratov continued to develop as a major trade centre. Bread was added to the traditional goods (salt and fish). Hundreds of vessels, big and small, carried it through Volga into different regions of Russia.
One of the first tobacco plants in Russia started to operate in Saratov in 1828; besides it, there were a rope, a bell-casting, a brick factoris and a wide range of any others. Weaving mills produced the most famous cheap fabric called sarpinka with Samara being its “cradleland”.
Since XIX the main Samara trade goods was bread. The city became a reseller for oil products, meat, fish, salt and wool.
Fabrics mainly processed agricultural production. Saratov was the leader in Russia in producing flour as well as sunflower and mustard oil.
At the turn of XX century there appeared the first metalworking plants – Volzhsky steel works, the machine shops, nailery, wireworks and other plants.
Now Saratov is a multifunctional centre with a wide range of industrial, cultural and educational institutions.
Saratov's industry is represented by mining, machine engineering and metallurgical branches.
Nowadays the city has become an importand industrial centre of the Volga region. Two thirds of the Saratov goods are produced by large and well-equipped machine engineering and instrument engineering enterprises.
Saratov produces different advanced machine-tools, transport equipment, power stations for agricultural purposes, wire, nails, knitwear, gas equipment, lumber, apparel, confectionery, tobacco products, high-quality furniture, household electrical refrigerators and other types of industrial production.
Saratov is situated at the crossing point of highways, major railroads and waterways.
The following federal highways pass through Saratov:
· R228 (“Syzran – Saratov --– Volgograd),
· А144 E 38 AN61 (“Saratov – Voronezh”),
· R158 (“Saratov – Penza – Niznhy Novgorod”),
· R234 (“Saratov – Peschany Umyot”),
· R208 (“Saratov – Sokur”).
The passenger transfer by the means of local, long-distance and international railroads are served by Saratov railway car shed, Saratov locomotive shed and railway stations Saratov-1, Saratov-3, Trofimovsky-1.
Places of interest
· S.I. Sokolov and Z.I. Ivanov's car garage
· The state museum of K.A. Fedin
· Pavel Kuznetsov's house
· Saratov oblast museum of local history
· The memorial estate of N.G. Chernyshevsky
Emergency phone numbers
01, 112 (mobile) — united rescue service
Sources of information on region tourist facilities
Saratov oblast tourist information centre (under the Ministry of oblast sport development, physical education and tourism)
Phone: (8452) 26-2802
The Russian ministry of Emergency situations territorial bodies
The Russian ministry of Emergency situations, Saratov oblast headquarters:
Saratov, Sobornaya square, 7
Phone: (8452) 43-7501, (8452) 43-7521