Рус  |   Eng  |   中文
The Far Eastern Federal District
The Privolzhsky Federal District
The North-Western Federal District
The Siberian Federal District
The Ural Federal District
The Central Federal District
The Southern Federal District


Monument to the Defenders of Soviet Polar Temple of The Savior Holy Face Monument to the  Soviet Hero Bredov A.F.Monument  gun to  the 6th hero Komsomol battery

The Subject of the Russian Federation:
Murmansk Region

Federal District: The North-Western Federal District

Area: 154,4 km2
Population: 307 600 persons.


Murmansk is a city in the north-west Russia, the administrative center of the Murmansk region.

The population is 307.6 thousand people.

The city's area is 154.4 km².

It was founded on October 4, 1916.

The city is divided into 3 inner city area: Lenin, October and Pervomaisky district.


Plans for the organization of port city in the Arctic circle appeared in 70-ies of the XIX century.

The first researchers came to  Murman for the exploration of new places in 1912. Three years later, in 1915, during World War I on the right bank of the Kola Bay of the Barents sea was founded Murmansk seaport and with it — port town Semyonov, named for the bay, where the piers were built, and the nearest lake.

Creating a port has been connected with Russia's desire to get out into the Arctic Ocean via the Gulf of ice to seamlessly deliver military supplies to the Entente Allies to the blockade of the Black and Baltic seas. The official date of founding of the city is 4 October (September 21 of the old style), 1916. On this day, on a small hill where now stands the Palace of Culture and Science and  Kirov, a ceremony of laying a temple in honor of the patron saint of seafarers Nicholas Myrlikysky.

The city became the last city to be established in the Russian Empire, it was called Romanov-on-Murman. Six months later, April 3, 1917, after the February Revolution, it took its current name — Murmansk.

Murmansk is the world's largest city, located above the Arctic Circle. It’s one of the largest ports in Russia.

Geographical position

The city is stretched for more than 20 kilometers along the rocky eastern coast of the Kola Bay, 50 km from the exit to the open sea. Murmansk is located in 1967 kilometers north of Moscow, and in 1 448 kilometers from St. Petersburg. At 16 km north of the town are the closed city of Severomorsk, the base of the Northern Fleet.

Between the North Sea and Murmansk, there are several satellite towns (Roslyakovo, Safonovo, Safonovo-1, which belongs to CTAF). The nearest neighbor in the south is the ancient town of Kola. Murmansk, expands, and has already reached the outskirts of the southern neighborhoods of the city. From the west and east of the city surrounded by forests. The highest point in Murmansk is a nameless hill on the eastern border city of 305 meters in height.

The total length of the town border is 52 km.


The main industries in Murmansk are fishing and fish processing, sea transport, shipbuilding, marine, rail and road transportation, metalworking, food processing, marine geology, exploration on the shelf of Arctic seas. The main types of products in the city include fish products, canned goods, hardware, fishing equipment, containers and packaging material.


Murmansk sea port is one of the largest ice-free ports in Russia. Port of Murmansk is a port of registry barque "Sedov, the largest sailboat in the world. Also, the port assigned to all nuclear-powered icebreakers of Russia. Murmansk port consists of three parts: the fishing port, commercial port and passenger. In 1954 he was commissioned a new railway station at the station Murmansk. The airport is located 20 km south-west of Murmansk. Getting to the airport can be from the area of ​​Murmansk railway station by bus and minibus taxi № 106. Interval of 20-30 minutes, takes about 1 hour. Get from the airport in Murmansk by bus and minibus taxi (the last stop - the bus station) and change seats on another form of public transport or taxis are already in the city. 

Famous People

 Maltsev, Vyacheslav - world-class athlete,  world champion in winter surfing Pavel Novikov (b. 1971) - stage and film actor opera singer of  Mariinsky Theatre Sergei Sigey (b. 1947) –

Tatiana Pavlovskaya (b. 1969) - Opera singer of Mariinsky Theatre

Russian poet, philologist Alexander Surikov (b. 1940) - Russian statesman, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Russia to Belarus, governor of the Altai Territory in 1996-2004


  • the Murmansk Regional Museum
  • the Murmansk Regional Museum of Art
  • Museum of the Northern Fleet in the Leninsky district of the city
  • Murmansk Oblast Puppet Theatre
  • Murmansk Oblast Drama Theatre
  • Theatre of the Northern Fleet