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Kursk

Znamesky Church on the Red SquareKurskMonument to the Civil War HeroesKursk

The Subject of the Russian Federation:
Kursk Region

Federal District: The Central Federal District

Area: 190 km2
Population: 413 528 persons.


Description

Kursk is  a city in Russia, the administrative center of the Kurskaya oblast. Kursk was awarded  with the Order of the World War of the I level for  courage and resilience displayed by city workers during the Great Patriotic War.

The population is 413,528 people (2010).

The city's area is 190 km².

The city was founded in 1032.

History

Modern archaeological studies indicate that on the site of today's Znamensky Monastery of Kursk existed a large settlement not later than in the VIII century. Kursk was first mentioned in the Life of Theodosius Pechersky (not earlier than 1032, when the left bank of the Dnieper has passed into the possession of Yaroslav the Wise). In this chronicle Kursk is described as a large city with the development of trade and a significant number of residents. The first mention in the Laurentian Chronicle is about 1 095.

1095 is also the founding year of the Kursk independent principality that existed in the XI—XIII centuries. The first prince of Kursk Yaroslav Vladimirovich built a fortress at the end of the XI century Kursk was one of the major outposts on the border of Kievan Rus, the original buildings of Kursk were dismantled in the middle of XVII century.

In 1185, Prince Vsevolod Kursk sent a squad against polovtsy; this unfortunate expedition of the Russian princes is described in the "the Lay of Igor's Warfare".

In 1238,  the town was completely destroyed by the Tatar-Mongols. In 1285, the Kursk was again ravaged to the ground by a horde of Nogaja in response to a statement of Rila and vorgolsky Prince Oleg together with Lipetsk Prince Svyatoslav against Tatar baskak Ahmet in 1283. Kursk is rich in architectural monuments of the XIX century. The most significant are the mansion of merchant Khloponin (mid—XVIII century), the Kazan Cathedral (1778), the building of the former Noble Assembly (end of XIX century), the building of the former gymnasium, the building of the city hospital № 1 ("House Denisiev», XVIII century), the Chamber of Hetman Mazeppa (XVIII century).

Geographical position

Kursk is located on the Central Russian Upland, on the banks of the river at the confluence of the Seym in its tributaries - the River Tuskar.

The city is located at altitudes of 200—250 m above sea level.

Industry

Leading industry of Kursk is engineering. Its share in total industrial production is more than 35%. Developed also is the production of electrical equipment - 20.4%, chemical industry - 14,3%, manufacture of rubber and plastic products 11.9%.

• JSC "Electric Plant" is Russia's largest producer of independent power supply. Produces power for various design and equipment, based on the engines of production of domestic and foreign firms

• JSC "Kursk mechanical engineering" is one of the largest manufacturers of bearings for a complete automotive and agricultural machinery, machine tool products and electrical industry in Russia and CIS

• CJSC "Technosphere" produces complex wastewater treatment plant (wastewater), sewage pumping station (SPS), equipment for waste water treatment, power system

• CJSC "Kurskrezinotekhnika" is one of the leading petrochemical companies, producing over half the total volume of rubber-bands in Russia

• ZAO NPO "Composite"  is a major developer and manufacturer of crawler belts for all models of snowmobiles Russian producers

Transportation

Through Kursk run two important railway lines: Moscow — Kharkov and Voronezh — Kiev. Long-distance and suburban passenger railway service is provided mainly through the station of the Kursk. Air traffic is through the airport "Vostochny."

In  2010,  was made permanent air service from Moscow (Domodedovo), in the summer-autumn period of regular flights to St. Petersburg, Sochi and Anapa. In addition, there are run charter flights to Turkey and Egypt. Highways of the city have access to federal highway M2 "Crimea", as well as the A144 road (Kursk - Voronezh - Saratov) and P199 (the border with Ukraine - Kursk). Kursk is linked with inter-city bus routes to the cities and villages of Kursk Region and neighboring regions (Belgorod, Bryansk, Voronezh, Orel), as well as Moscow, St. Petersburg and the cities of Ukraine: Kharkov and Sumamy.

Intercity buses arrive and depart from the bus station "Kursk", which is located in the Northwest microdistrict. Suburban services are provided between Kursk and towns of the Kursk region, as well as nearby regional centers. Shuttle buses depart from the bus station "Kursk" and "North" bus. Urban public transport is represented by buses, trolleybuses and trams, and minibuses. The fare for all types of urban public transport, as in 2010, is 9 rubles. The fare to the taxi is 9 (buses of small class) or 10 rubles (minibuses). In the night time (from 22:00 to 6:00) fare in the "minibus" increased to 14 rubles.

 Attractions

1. Kursk State Regional Museum of Archeology

2. Kursk State Regional Museum

3. Nicholas Church Ensemble of Red Square

4. Peter and Paul Church

5. Church of the Archangel Michael (Mikhailovsky)

6. Cathedral Sergievsky (Kazan)

7. Church of the Holy Trinity (Verkhnya) .

Famous people of the city

  • Bogdanovic,. Hippolyte (1743—1803) — Russian poet
  • Malevich, Kazimir Severinovich (1878—1935) — Russian and Soviet avant-garde artist, the founder of Suprematism — trends in abstract art. 
  • Nosov, Yevgeny Ivanovich (1925—2002) — Soviet writer
  • Sarov Serafim (1754—1833) — an Orthodox saint, monk
  • Sviridov, Georgy Vasilyevich (1915—1998) — Composer, People's Artist of USSR (1970)
  • Ufimtsev, Anatoly. (1880—1936) — Soviet aircraft designer and inventor Theodosius of the Caves (1008—1074) — an Orthodox monk, the monk
  • Shekhovtsev, Mikhail Petrovich (1786—1869) — Hero of the War of 1812, the commander of the 3-rd Lancer Smolensk Regiment Emperor Alexander III, General
  • Schepkin, Mikhail (1788—1863) — famous Russian artist, one of the founders of Russian acting school

Phones for communication in emergencies

112 or 911 - phone emergency rescue service

Sources of information on tourism opportunities in the region

Tourist Information Center of Kursk region:

www.gokursk.ru

www.kurskadmin.ru

www.kurskcity.ru

Territorial authorities of Russian Ministry of Emergency Situations

EMERCOM Russia's Kursk region:

Tel.: (4712) 70-0644, (4712) 70-2973