The Subject of the Russian Federation:
Federal District: The Ural Federal District
Area: 390 km2
Population: 324 100 persons.
Kurgan is a city in Russia, administrative center of the Kurgan region.
Population: 324.1 thousand people. (2010).
Area: 390 km².
Year Founded: 1679.
In accordance with the decision of Kurgan municipal Duma number 255, dated on the 16th of September in 2009 year, “About the date of Kurgan foundation”, 1679 year is considered as a foundation date. Prior to this decision, the foundation date of the city officially was in 1782, when by decree of Empress Catherine II, Kurgan was granted city status.
The city had been ruined many times by nomads, burnt out ashes and was reborn again. From the 60-ies of the XVII century it always was on the historical documents. On the 26th of October in 1962 according the decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet, Kurgan was divided into 2 areas: to the October and the Soviet. The new development plan, providing for its extension up to 275 thousand inhabitants, was approved.
The construction of trolleybus line began in March of 1963 year and completed on 24th of November in 1965. The construction of the first nine floor house was begun at the same time.
An eternal flame was lit on the 9th of May in 1970 in the park "Victory" on the Pushkin Street, after five years, in 1975, 44 memorial plates were opened, which included 3,418 names of
Ural people who died in World War II.
On the 22nd of October in 1980 was formed the third district of Kurgan — Pervomaisky.
200,000 thousand buses KAVZ label were produced on the 20th of January of 1982. Every fifth coach in the country is from Kurgan. On the 14th of June in 1982 by the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR Kurgan was awarded by Red Banner of Labor in connection with 200th anniversary of obtaining the status of the city and for the successes in the economy.
Kurgan is located on the western Ishim plain in 1 973 km to east of Moscow. Height above the sea level is approximately 75 m. The town lies on the left bank of the Tobol River (Ob basin). The relief of the city is flat. Climate is continental.
Kurgan borders to Ketovsky area and is located in the center. The eastern side of Kurgan has a common border with Vargashinsky area.
The greatest share of the Kurgan industry has engineering and metal industry.
JSC "Kurgan Machine-Building Plant of conveyor equipment” — one of the leading Russian companies producing conveyor, transporting and handling equipment for enterprises of different types of industry
Public Corporation NPO “Kurganpribor " specializes in instrumental and sleeve production of defense and civilian character
Public corporation “Kurgankhimmash” - design, manufacture, supply, installation, construction on a turnkey basis for oil and gas, chemical and other industries
Closed Kurganstalmos has the production of equipment for gas and petrochemical industries.
A federal highway "Baikal" goes through the city. There is the bus station in town. The town has railway stations "Kurgan" and "Suburban". Air transport is divided into:
Airport of Kurgan Institute of the Russian Federal Security Service
1. Kurgan Aviation Museum
2. Trinity Church (Holy Trinity)
3. Church Florus and Laurus
4. Kurgan Reserve
Famous people of the city
- Nikolay Abramov (1812—1870) — Historian
- Jacob Vitebsk (1919—1992) — Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor Doctor of the Russian Federation. The creator of a new scientific direction - the valve Gastroenterology
- Ilia Frenkel (1903—1994) — a poet, author of the song "Let's light up" and other Soviet songs
- Leonid Kulikov (1924—1980) — a poet and storyteller