The Subject of the Russian Federation:
Federal District: The Privolzhsky Federal District
Area: 169 km2
Population: 464 000 persons.
Subject of the Russian Federation:
Federal District: Volga Federal District
Total area: 169 km2
Kirov (Khlynov, Vyatka) is the administrative centre of Kirov Oblast, one of the most ancient cities of the north-east of Russia. Located on the Vyatka River. The distance from Kirov to Moscow is 896 km. The resident population is approximately 500 thousand people. History 1374 is the year traditionally considered the date of the city's foundation, the year when a large detachment of Novgorodians came to the Vyatka River. They founded the city that later was named Vyatka. The administration of the city was electoral.
In the mid-XV century there was built a fort of Khlynov (named after the Khlynovitsa River that fell into the Vyatka). From that time on, the city was named Khlynov in the chronicles. In the XV century the process of unification of Russian lands around Muscovy was in train. In 1489 the troops of Ivan III besieged the fort of Khlynov, and the people of Vyatka had to surrender. Ultimately, the Vyatka land was incorporated into Muscovy, the local government was eliminated.
In the XVI century Khlynov became a large commercial centre. Trade routes to Pomorye, Volga region, Ural, and Siberia ran through it. In 1780 Khlynov was officially renamed to Vyatka by order of Catherine II, and in 1797 it became the centre of Vyatka Governorate.
In the XVIII century stone churches and civil buildings were being arduously built in the city.
In the beginning of the XIX century the city-planning became straight-line. In the XIX century Vyatka became a place of political exile. The exiled played a great role in the public and cultural life of Vyatka. From May 1835 till December 1837 the great Russian democratic writer A. I. Gertsen was in exile in Vyatka.
While serving in provincial government, he made much for the formation of Vyatka statistics, and he was one of the founders of the provincial public library in Vyatka. Now this is Kirov Regional Scientific Library named in honour of A.I. Gertsen, the largest in Russia. From 1848 till 1855 M. E. Saltykov, an exiled and the great Russian satirist, lived in the city. He was one of the founders of the Noble Assembly of Vyatka, and he used to organize provincial agricultural exhibitions.
In the second half of the XIX century a railway and steamship transportation was launched in Vyatka.
In 1934 Vyatka was renamed to Kirov. The Great Patriotic War fatefully changed the life of the city. Dozens of research institutes, educational establishments, and cultural institutions were evacuated to Kirov.
In the second half of the XX century the city was growing and being developed together with the entire country: new residential communities were being built, industrial potential was being reinforced.
Contemporary Kirov is a large industrial and cultural centre.
Enterprises of nonferrous-metals industry, machine-building, petrochemical, biochemical, light, and food industry are located here.
Kirov is a large transportation hub. A federal highway A119 Vyatka connected with Kirov by an approach runs near the city.
It is planned to complete the construction of the federal highway Saint Petersburg - Yekaterinburg within the section Kostroma - Kirov - Perm by 2011.
The regional P159 highway connects Kirov with Nizhny Novgorod.
The city is the starting point for regional highways Р166 Kirov- Slobodskoy - Belaya Kholunitsa, Р167 Kirov - Tsapeli - Strizhi, Р168 Kirov- Adyshevo - Nizhneivkino, P169 Kirov - Malmyzh - Vyatskie - Polyany.
The regional highway Kirov - Kotlas - Arkhangelsk is being currently built.
The Northern (from Yaroslavl) and the New (from Nizhny Novgorod) passages of Trans-Siberian Railway run through Kirov.
The public transportation in Kirov is performed by buses, trolleybuses, and minibus taxis.
- Uspensky Tryphon Monastery
- Vyatsky palaeontological museum
- Museum named after Alexander Stepanovich Grin
- Alexandrovsky garden
- Mansion of T. F. Bulychev - the steamer owner Emergency Phones
- Search-and-rescue detachment, officer-on-duty (8332) 50-1199
- Inquiry office of the ambulance service (8332) 27-5974
- Inquiry office of drug-store (8332) 35-4747
- Inquiry office for road accidents (8332) 64-7982
- Watch officer ad rem Civil defence and emergency situations in Kirov Oblast (8332) 36-3338
Acquisition Sources for Regional Tourist Opportunities
A Website of the Administration of Kirov Oblast - www.ako.kirov.ru