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Ekaterinburg

The building of the former District Court on the waterfront pondStation buildingAscension ChurchСhurch on Blood

The Subject of the Russian Federation:
Sverdlovsk Region

Federal District: The Ural Federal District

Area: 491 km2
Population: 1 372 800 persons.


Description

Yekaterinburg (from 1924 to 1991 - Sverdlovsk) is the administrative center of Sverdlovsk region, the fourth largest for population (after Moscow, St. Petersburg and Novosibirsk) city in Russia.
Yekaterinburg is situated in the central part of Eurasia, 270 m above sea level. The city is located on the eastern slope of the Ural Mountains, along the banks of the Iset River, which within the city limits are developed 4 ponds - Upper Iset, City, Park and Lower Iset. Also in the city are two natural lakes in the east - Shartash, in the north-west - Shuvakish (overgrown).
Yekaterinburg is one of the 11 cities-millionaires in Russia. The millionth resident was born on 23rd of January 23 in 1967. The quantity of  population is about 1.4 million people.


History

The construction of Russian largest iron factory began
in the spring of 1723 by decree of Peter the First on the banks of the river Iset.

The date of birth was the date 7th  (18th ) November of 1723, when the workshops was carried out a trial run production. The factory-fortress was named Yekaterinburg - in honor of Empress Catherine The First, wife of Peter The First. 

During the reign of Catherine II, through the young city they paved main road of the Russian Empire - Great Siberian Route. Thus, Yekaterinburg became a city like the key to vast and rich Siberia, "a window to Asia", like  St. Petersburg was Russia's "window to Europe".

In 1807 the capital of the mining and metallurgical region was confirmed by assignment of the status of Yekaterinburg Russia's only "mountain city".
Since the late XIX - early XX century Yekaterinburg - one of the centers of the revolutionary movement in the Urals.

On the 26th of October (8th of Nov.) in 1917  Soviet power was established. The last Russian Emperor Nicholas II and his family were shot in the city in July 1918, in the Ipatiev house (now there is Temple of Blood at this place) for a few days before the training of Czechoslovak and White Guard troops. On the 13th of August the Urals interim government  was formed, which lingered on  the November of 1918.
In July of 1919 the city was again captured by the Red Army. Since 1918, Yekaterinburg became the  Yekaterinburg Centre province (during the period of the occupation by white, it was abolished and was restored), in 1923-34 - the Ural region.

On the 14th of October in 1924, Yekaterinburg city council decided to rename the city of Sverdlovsk in honor of Yaakov Sverdlov, the leader of the Communist Party and Soviet State
 The city made an enormous contribution to the victory of the Soviet Union in World War II.

On the 4th of September, in 1991 the city returned the name of Yekaterinburg.

Industry
Industry is represented by engineering, machine tools, instrumentation, manufacturing of metal products, building materials, chemical industry, metallurgy and many other industries.

Transport
Yekaterinburg is the third largest transportation hub in Russia (after Moscow and St. Petersburg) and has the six federal highways, seven main railway lines, and the largest international airport.
Yekaterinburg has practically all types of public transport.
Since 1991, the city has a subway.

Attractions
• Area of 1905 year
• City Dam on the river Iset
• Church on Blood in Honor of All Saints Resplendent in the Russian Land
• General Directorate of Mining Works
• Rastorguev-Kharitonov’s manor
• The House of chief of the main mountain plants
• Zotov / Tarasov’s manor
• House of Sevastyanov
• United Museum of Ural Writers
• Church of the Ascension


Phones for communication in emergencies
One rescue service - 01, with a cell phone call - 112 or 911 Ambulance - 03 and (343) 376-16-22
Certificate of admission (admission) to the hospitals of the city: (343) 222-36-77
Help emergency services (343) 376-16-22, (343) 376-16-61
The registration desk accidents: (343) 260-74-43


Information Sources on tourism opportunities in the region
Information and tourist center of the city of Yekaterinburg
www.its.ekburg.ru
State Institution of Culture of Sverdlovsk region, "Tourism Development Centre of the Sverdlovsk region»
www.uralinfotour.ru (under construction)
Center began working with the 1st of March in 2011


Information Sources on tourism opportunities in the region
Information and tourist center of the city of Yekaterinburg
www.its.ekburg.ru
State Institution of Culture of Sverdlovsk region, "Tourism Development Centre of the Sverdlovsk region»
www.uralinfotour.ru (under construction)
Center began working with the 1st of March in 2011