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Veliky Novgorod

Holy Resurrection CathedralNovgorod Museum-reserveDrama theatre named after F. M. DostoevskyVladimirsk Tower

The Subject of the Russian Federation:
Novgorod Region

Federal District: The North-Western Federal District

Area: 90,08 km2
Population: 214 777 persons.


Description

Veliky Novgorod isa city in thenorth-west of Russia, the administrative center of the Novgorod oblast. Velikiy Novgorod is one of the oldest and most famous cities in Russia. (in 2009 it officially celebrated 1150 years).

Its population is 214 777 people (2010).

The city's area is 90.08 km².

The city was founded in the VIII—IX century.

Veliky Novgorod is located 600 km from Moscow and 188 km from the city of St. Petersburg.

Until 1999 the official name was  Novgorod.

The permanent population is about 215,000 people.

History

Veliky Novgorod is one of the oldest cities in Russia located in the north-western part at the origins of the Volkhov River and Lake Ilmen.It was founded in 859. Its history is inextricably connected with all the major stages of the life of the Russian state.

Novgorod the Great is the birthplace of Russian democratic and republican traditions, an important spiritual stronghold of Orthodox Russia.

With Novgorod is connected life and work of one of the prominent figures of the Russian Middle Ages - Yaroslav the Wise. An important step in the formation of the republican tradition was gaining self-government of Novgorod aristocracy.

Since the end of the XI century Novgorod began to elect a burgomaster, and then tysyatskih, whose participation in the political life of the state is gradually expanding. For centuries, Novgorod gathered a vast territory, as long as the great ruler of Moscow, Ivan III was not made in the 1478 campaign against Novgorod "world".

XV century began a new chapter in the history of Novgorod. All landowners were expelled from Novgorod to other lands and their possessions distributed to the Moscow nobility. Continued to develop trade, commerce, experienced a new flowering of culture, who imbibed many of the traditions of the ancient city.

In the 1611-1617 years. the city was occupied by the Swedes, who pillaged and destroyed the it.

Today, Novgorod the Great's largest cultural center of Russia.

Geographical position

Veliky Novgorod is located on Priilmenskoy lowlands, on the Volkhov river, Detinec (historical center of Sofia city), 6 km from the lake Ilmen in 552 km north-west of Moscow. The southern boundary of Municipal District of Veliky Novgorod in 1999, runs from Rurik Mounds and the St. George monastery, and the northern border since 2004 — Micro Krechevitsy.

Industry

In Veliky Novgorod the main industries are Veliky: chemical, mechanical engineering, pulp and paper industry and metallurgy industry.

Transportation

The city developed bus and trolley transportation.

Railway connection with the directions on the Chudovo, St. Petersburg and Luga. In the city there are three stations: Novgorod-on-Volkhov (Novgorod-Pas), Novgorod-Luga, Preduzlovaya and Paul — and two stopping points: Mendeleyev and Novgorod Depot (Depot).

Attractions

Novgorod Kremlin of the XI-XV century.

• Cathedral of the Holy Wisdom of God, 1045-1050

• The monument "Millennium of Russia"

• Museum of Wooden Architecture "Vitoslavlitsy"

• Yaroslav's Court. Ancient bargaining

Famous people of the city

  • Alexander Ivanov (1898—1984) — film director, People's Artist of USSR (1964)
  • Jacob Pavlov (19171—981) — the hero of the Battle of Stalingrad, Hero of the Soviet Union
  • Sergei Rachmaninov (1873—1943) — composer, pianist, conductor
  • Phone number in case of emergency
    (8162) 01 - The Ministry of Emergency Situations
    8 (8162) 112 - Emergency (Mobile)
    Sources of information on tourism opportunities in the region
    (8162) 99-8686 - Center for Development of Tourism "Red cottage"
    Territorial authorities of Russian Ministry of Emergency Situations
    Main Directorate of Ministry of Emergency Situations of Russia in Novgorod region:
    173 020, Veliky Novgorod, 67, Bolshaya Moscovskaya Str.
    Telephone: (8162) 77-46-02