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Yaroslavl Region

Historical center of YaroslavlUglich townChurch of the AnnunciationPlescheevo lake

The Subject of the Russian Federation:
Yaroslavl Region

Federal District: The Central Federal District

Area: 36 177 km2
Population: 1 306 320 persons.

Emblem of Yaroslav region
Emblem of Yaroslav region

Flag of Yaroslavl region
Flag of Yaroslavl region



Description

Yaroslavskaya oblast regionis the subject of the Russian Federation.

Its administrative center is the a  city of Yaroslavl.

It borders on  Tver, Moscow, Ivanovo, Vladimir, Kostroma, and the Vologda regions. It wasfounded:  on March 11, 1936.

The population density is36.2 persons per km², the proportion of urban population is 81,8%.

Since November 2009 in region there are  100 municipalities, of which: 3 urban districts, 17 municipalities, 11 towns, 69 rural settlements.

History

Yaroslavl region was already inhabited in the late Upper Paleolithic period (about 20—13 thousand years BC.) after the retreat of the last glacier. The only known monument of the time in the site is near Uglich the village of Zolotoruche. The first  city  that have arisen over the region, was located on Lake Nero - Rostov, which is mentioned in chronicles as early as 862. In 911, it  was named among the five largest cities, subservient to Kiev Prince Oleg.  Kievan princes sent prince or governor here  to  manage the entire North-Eastern Rus. Noy later than 1010 Rostov Prince, Yaroslav Vladimirovich (the Wise) founded on the Volga River a city - Yaroslavl. The first mention of it dates back to 1071, in connection with the uprising smerds led by the two wise men.

Since the second half of the XI century begins the division of Russia into independent principalities, domains. Since 1054 under the will of Yaroslav the Wise Rostov, along with other cities in North-Eastern Russia, became the possession of his son, Prince Vsevolod Pereyaslavl Yaroslavich, where he sent governors.

Since 1113 the entire North-Eastern Rusis  ruled by Yuri (Dolgoruky). In 1125, he moved the capital of the principality to Suzdal — since the political role of Rostov decreased continuously. At the beginning of the XIII century domains divided the North-Eastern Russia, the major kingdoms in  Yaroslavl region were: Pereslavskoye (1175—1302) and Rostovskoe (1207—1474), Uglichskoe (1216—1605) and Yaroslavskoye (1218—1471), which gradually fragmented into even smaller parts. In February 1238, the North-Eastern Russia was ravaged during the Mongol-Tatar invasion. On  March 4, 1238 troops of  Temnik Burundi faced the Russian army on the river Sit, Russian troops were beaten head off. Thus, began the dependence of the North-East of Russia from the Golden Horde.

In the XIV—XV centuries the territory of the Yaroslavskaya oblast peacefully entered into the Grand Duchy of Moscow.

In 1692, to  the Yaroslavl governor passed Rostov and Pereslavl. In 1708—1710 the Russian state was divided into 8 provinces: Yaroslavl, Uglich, Romanov entered the St. Petersburg province, and Pereslavl, Rostov, and Lyubim — into Moscow province.

During the First World War and the Civil Wars of active hostilities in the region has taken place with the exception of Yaroslavl and Rybinsk uprisings that caused heavy damage to these cities. During the Civil War and in subsequent years, was formed the new government, repeatedly changed the administrative-territorial division of the province. Thus, in 1921—1923 there was Rybinsk province, in 1929 abolished the Yaroslavl province, —1930 in its place there wereYaroslavl and Rybinsk district of the Ivanovo Industrial Region, in 1930, their areas came under the direct control of the administration of the industrial area.

Geographical location, natural resources, climate

The area of the Yaroslavl Region is 36.2 thousand km². Of this 17,2 thousand is covered with forests, farmland - 11,3 thousand, 3.9 thousand bodies of water, 1,1 thousand of swamps, and other land is2,7 thousand km². It stretches from the north to the south for 270 km, from the west to the east for 220 km. The highest point is elevation Tarkhov hill to the north of Pereslavsky Area: 292.4 m above sea level.

The climate is continental, with snowy winters and short hot summers. Previously, almost the whole of the area was occupied by dense coniferous and mixed forests (spruce, pine), but now most of them are replaced by secondary birch and aspen forests and cropland. Large areas are occupied and swamps. The number of large animals was strongly reduced, but the forests are still found bears, wolves, foxes, moose and wild boar.

In the region there are 4327 rivers. The longest river (within region) are Volga — 340 km, Sot — 170 km, Sit — 159 km, Ustie — 153 km, Kotorosl — 132 km, Sara — 93 km, Sogozha — 90 km, Obnora — 90 km, day — 84 km. The length of the main rivers of the Volga region is of 340 km. There are 83 lakes. The biggest are Nero — 5130 hectares, and Pleshcheevo — 5,089 hectares. The area of the reserves of fresh water in the area is 254 km ³.

Industry

The leading industries of the Yaroslavl region are engineering and metalworking, food, chemical and petrochemical industries.

  • "Yaroslavl Electric Machine Building Plant" — a major manufacturer of electric motors in Russia
  • LTD Tutaev Engine Company — a major producer of cylinder diesel engines and spare parts
  • "Yaroslavl Diesel Equipment Plant" — well-known enterprise in Russia for production of fuel-equipment for automotive diesel engines
  • Slavneft-Yaroslavnefteorgsintez — one of the largest refineries in central Russia, is part of the oil company OAO Slavneft
  • Yaroslavl Refinery Plant of. Mendeleev — the first refinery in Russia
  • OJSC "Company" Slavich" — the Russian manufacturer of photographic paper, photographic plates, materials for microelectronics, flexible color packaging
  • JSC "Russian Paints" — the leading enterprise paint industry in Russia. Agriculture Livestock (dairy cattle, breeding pigs, Tutayev, Bolsheselskom, Uglich regions where sheep skin coat sheepskin direction Breit breed pigs and around major cities — Yaroslavl and Rybinsk built large poultry farm).

Agriculture

Livestock (dairy cattle, breeding pigs, Tutaev, Bolsheselskom, Uglich areas dis eveloped sheep sheep-skin coat lines, Breit breed of pigs around the major towns - Yaroslavl and Rybinsk built large poultry farms) plant - the predominance of fodder crops, cereals and potatoes and industrial crops, the main of which flax, chicory, and vegetables.

Transportation

Through the Yaroslavl region runs Pereslavl, Rostov, Yaroslavl, Danilov and Prechistoye- from the south-west to the north-east federal highway M8 "Kholmogory" connecting the region with Moscow and Vologda. Federal highway A113 connects Yaroslavl and Kostroma Nekrasovskoe with. Major roads of regional significance: P74 connects Pereslavl to Vladimir; R79 — Yaroslavl and Gavrilov-Yam of Ivanovo and Vladimir; R104 — Uglich, Myshkin, Rybinsk and Poshekhonov with Moscow, Sergiev Posad, Kalyazin and Cherepovets, R151— Yaroslavl Institute and Rybinsk, R152 — Rostov from Ivanovo, P153 — Rostov, Uglich and Sts. Breytovo and New Nekouz connected to the rest area through the Uglich and Myshkin, love — through Prechistoye.

Yaroslavl is directly connected to Uglich and Myshkin through Bolshoye Selo. There is a developed nus net. Railway transportation in the area carries Northern Railway (mostly her Yaroslavl Branch). Through the Yaroslavl region — Rostov, Yaroslavl, Danilov and Prechistoye — from the south-west to north-east is the railway line from Moscow, the Moscow and Vladimir regions (junction of Alexander I) in the Vologda region and beyond Arkhangelsk Oblast, Komi Republic.

The main obstacle to road and rail transport in the region is the Volga reservoir. But to overcome it is built a bridge. Important for the region is a seasonal shipping along the Volga and the Rybinsk Reservoir, which connects Uglich, Myshkin, Rybinsk, Yaroslavl Institute and among themselves and with regions of the Volga Basin. The region has Rybinsk and Yaroslavl river ports. Near Yaroslavl and Rybinsk there are airports.

Attractions

  • The historic center of Yaroslavl
  • Yaroslavl Historical and Architectural Museum-Reserve
  • Pereslavl-Zaleski historical, architectural and art museum
  • Uglich History and Art Museum
  • Rostov-Yaroslavsky Architecture and Art Museum
  • Church of the Annunciation
  • Church of the Nativity
  • Church of Spas ‘In the city’ 
  • the Darwin Forest reserve
  • National Park Plescheevo
  • Lake Golitsyn
  • Manor-Gagarins
  • Hillfort "Kleshchina"
  • Hillfort "Alexandrov Mountain"
  • Ensemble and Park Manor Little Boat
  • The cultural layer of the city of Yaroslavl
  • Sts village
  • Uglich City
  • Tutaev City of Pereslavl
  • Ensemble of the Cadet Corps
  • Manor of Sorokin
  • House of Clergy of Ilinskaya Church
  • House of Charyshnikov (Church)
  • House of Peterevsky
  • The building of the Noble Pension
  • House of Saltykov (Municipal Bank)
  • The State Museum-Preserve "Rostov Kremlin"
  • State Literary-Memorial
  • Museum NA Nekrasov "Karabikha" Rybinsk
  • State Historical-Architectural and Art Museum

Famous People

  • Kantorovich Sobinov — opera singer of world renown
  • Nikolai Vasilyevich Peppers — restorer, teacher, researcher, artist.
  • Victor S. Rozov — Russian Soviet playwright