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Ivanovo Region

Ivanovo regionCathedral  Hilll Ivanovo regionCathedral  Hilll

The Subject of the Russian Federation:
Ivanovo Region

Federal District: The Central Federal District

Area: 21 437 km2
Population: 1 066 541 persons.

Emblem of Ivanovo region
Emblem of Ivanovo region

 Flag of  Ivanovo region
Flag of Ivanovo region



Description

Ivanovo regionis  the subject of the Russian Federation .

Ivanovovskaya oblast possesses unique natural, historical, architectural, artistic monuments. At all times, the people inhabiting this region were artisans. Traditional crafts of the Ivanovovskaya oblast are weaving, pottery, icon painting, lacquer miniature, rod, and embroidery.

Ivanovovskaya oblast is a living monument to textiles, the region in which traces the entire history of the production of linen and cotton fabrics from the spinning wheels, wooden looms and hand-printed cloth to modern automated production.

Ivanovovskaya oblast has many interesting places with unique ecological purity. In some areas you can still drink water directly from rivers, its purity is confirmed by the sanitary-epidemiological services. One of the most promising areas for tourism development is Yuzhsky district. This is the edge set of the cleanest large and small lakes, rivers and dense forests. No wonder the region is called the Central Russian Karelia. People come here from far away for hunting and fishing, picking berries and mushrooms. In the resorts, spas and fitness centers are treated every year thousands of people.

Crafts centers for a long time are the Palekh (center of icon painting and lacquer miniature), settlement Kholuy (lacquer miniatures), Shuya (production of accordions), the town of Shuya, Puchezh, Ivanovo, Pestyaki, Verkhny Landekh (embroidery products), Privolzhsk (jewelry industry), settlement Ryapolova (artistic hand-patterned weaving).

The regional center is Ivanovo, the distance from Ivanovo to Moscow is 275 km.

On January14, 1929 was formed  the Ivanovskaya oblast.

The oblast is located in the European part of Russiaand borders on Vladimir, Nizhny Novgorod, Kostroma and Yaroslavl regions. The land is stretched form the north to the south for 158 km, from the west to the east for 230 km.

The population is about 1,2 mln people

The biggest towns of the Ivanovskaya oblast are Ivanovo (404, 5 thousand), Kineshma (92.0 thousand), Shuya (58.5 thousand).

History

 In modern Ivanovskaya oblast before the arrival of the Slavs lived Finno-Ugric tribes, from whom are left numerous local names of the villages — Purekh, Palekh, Landekh, Sezukh, Lukh, Lyulekh. In the Vlll- Xl centuries the. Slavs began development in  the north-eastern outskirts of Russia. Many ancient settlements, now included in the Ivanovskaya oblast, previously assigned to Vladimir and Suzdal lands.

In this region there were posessions of princely dynasty Shuiskiy, prominent public figures  of the XV-XVll centuriesIn the XVlll  century the  territory of the region was a part of the Vladimir and Kostroma provinces. Ivanovskaya oblast since ancient times has been a center of weaving and flax. In the XlX  here was actively developing the textile industry (approx. 156 thousand workers, 1914). Ivanovo-Voznesensk was the unofficial capital of the textile region (administratively it was part of Shuya district, Vladimir province). Ivanovo-Voznesensk was compared with Manchester, the largest textile center in England. From  160 thousand of Ivanovo-Voznesensk residents 30 thousand worked in textile factories.

In Ivanovo-Voznesensk during the Russian Revolution of 1905 was formed the first Council of Workers' Deputies. One of the leaders of councils was Frunze. In 1918, Ivanovo-Voznesensk became the administrative center of a separate province. In the 1929—1944,  Ivanovo-Voznesensk was the center of Ivanovo-Voznesensky province, bringing together Ivanovo, Vladimir and Kostroma province.s. From 1944 Ivanovskaya oblast is in modern borders.

 Geographical position, natural resources, climate

Ivanovovskaya oblast is located in the central European part of Russia, three hundred kilometers to the northeast of Moscow.

In the region there are about 1,700 rivers and 150 lakes. The largest river is the Volga, with Gorky reservoir and its tributaries Shacha, Measure, Elnat.

The biggest  lakes are Rubskoe (surface area is 2.97 km ²), and Gorky, and Uvolskoe Morkushskoe reservoir.

Forests cover 48% of the region, grasslands - about 10%.

Advantageous geographical location contributes to the development of internal and external economic and cultural ties. Through the Ivanovo region go  important  roads, rail and inland waterways, connecting Moscow and Western regions of eastern and southeastern regions of the country. Region has a developed transport network, which creates optimal conditions for the movement of raw materials and finished goods.

In the region there are mineral deposits: deposits of clay, loam, sand for production of silicate products, peat, sapropel, which are used in the manufacture of building materials.

Industry

Ivanovo is  the center of the textile industry. Since the mid 20 th century in the industry of Ivanonovo began to develop engineering, chemical industry, building materials production.

  • Ivanovo branch of OJSC "SUN InBev" - factory manufacturer of popular brands of beer
  • JSC "Shuysky oil extraction plant"
  • JSC "Meat-processing plant Shuysky "
  • JSC "Ivanovo broiler"
  • JSC "Petrovsky alcohol-processing plant "
  • JSC "Kineshemskaya poultry factory"
  • JSC "Avtoagregat" - the release of units, parts and spare parts for automobile manufacturers AvtoVAZ, GAZ, ZIL, UAZ and other
  • JSC "Autocrane" - the manufacturer of mobile cranes, slewing bearings
  • Shuysky Metal Works - sheet and rolled steel

Agriculture

In agriculture the following crops are cultivated: winter rye, wheat, spring grains and legumes (oats, barley, peas, vetch), industrial crops (flax, canola), field vegetables (cabbage, carrots, beets) and greenhouse (cucumbers, tomatoes ) and forage crops. The leading sector of agriculture is dairy cattle.

Transportation

In the region there are 5.017 sq km of paved roads. The length of railways is 590 kilometers.

The main waterways are 220 ​​km long along the river Volga. There is a port, river port with quays and a berth in Kineshma in Yuryevets, pier in Ples.

In Ivanovo,there is an international airport "Ivanovo-Yuzhny."

Attractions

  • Church Sretenskaya
  • Kurgan Romanovsky
  • Klyazminskoe State Nature Reserve
  • Church of the Nativity of the Virgin
  • Kazan Church
  • Trinity Church
  • Ivanovo State Local History Museum of DG Burylin
  • Plessky State Historical-Architectural and Art Museum
  • The State Museum of Palekh Art

Famous natives

  • Oleg Borisov - theater and film actor, film director, People's Artist of the USSR

• Zhiltsov Aleksey Vasilievich  - actor, director, People's Artist of the USSR

• Vyacheslav Zaitsev - a famous fashion designer

• Sergey Ivanovich Popov - film and theater actor, People's Artist of the USSR

• Tarkovsky Andrey Arsenievich - the great film director and screenwriter

Phones for communication in emergencies

Unified rescue service - 010

Police - 020

Ambulance - 030

Gas Emergency Service - 040

Sources of information on tourism opportunities in the region

Tourist information center of Ivanovo:

153000, Ivanovo, 13 Baturina Street

Telephone: (4932) 32-60-86

www.tourizm.ivanovo.ru

www.ivanovoobl.ru

Territorial authorities of Russian Ministry of Emergency Situations

Office of State Fire Inspection Main Directorate of Ministry of Emergency Situations of Russia in the Ivanovo region:

153009, Ivanovo,  8 A Dianovykh Street

Telephone: (4932) 29-91-08, (4932) 26-25-27