The Subject of the Russian Federation:
Federal District: The Southern Federal District
Area: 112 877 sq;km km2
Population: 2 635 600 people persons.
Emblem of Volgograd region
Flag of Volgograd region
This city is famous all over the world. Nowadays it embodies the legend about the incredible endurance of Russian warriors. Tourists from all over the world come here to look at this miraculous city raised on the ruins of Stalingrad.
When you come here, you'll feel the wonderful atmosphere of hospitality; the city itself, as well as its citizens, is smiling at you. Everyone is ready to tell you plenty of legends about Volgograd.
Walk along the quay, enjoy the beauty of the deep Volga. Looking at this stately city, at its beautiful houses and squares, you are sure to feel how great Russia is.
But the real miracle of the city is Mamayev Kurgan. No words can describe it, one should surely see it with his or her own eyes. It is said that every man that comes here leaves as a different person: enlightened, with some new important knowledge that the souls of warriors who bought future Russia, the whole world and each of us with the blood of their life, pass to us from Heavens.
The Volgograd oblast is a subject of the Russian Federation.
The administrative centre is Volgograd, the hero-city.
The Stalingrad oblast was formed from the Stalingrad Krai on December 5, 1936. On November 10, 1961 it was renamed into the Volgograd oblast.
The Volgograd oblast borders on Saratov, Rostov, Astrakhan, Voronezh oblasts, the republic of Kalmykia and Kazakhstan.
The population is about 2.6 million people.
There are 1506 inhabited licalities in the oblast that incorporated into 39 municipal formation (6 cities of oblast subordination and 33 rural districts).
The date of formation – December 5, 1936. At those days it was called the Stalingrad oblast, and on November 1961 was renamed into the Volgograd oblast.
The first inhabitants of the present-day Volgograd oblast territory were Neanderthalers, which is proved by a paleolithic man site (75 – 100 thousand years old) in Sukhaya Mechyotka ravine, that is situated in Traktorozavodsky district of Volgograd. Among numerous tribes that left their marks in the history of krai the most famous are Savromats (VII BC – IV AD) and Sarmatians (VI – III BC). They were replaced by Huns, Khazars, then there came Pechenegs and Cumans that were nomads and warriors. Cumans were driven out by Mongol tribes. They settled at the Volga and Don banks and established their own state called the Golden Horde with the capital Sarai Berke situated on the Akhtuba river, near Tsaryov village of the Sredneakhtubinsky district of the Volgograd oblast. After the Tartar Yoke was overthrown in 1480 the Golden Horde fell down and the lands of the former Astrakhan khanate entered into the Russian state, but it still was not safe in the steppes between the Volga and the Don between frequent assaults of nomadic tribes. It's here, to the Don steppes, that serfs fled trying to escape the hard yoke imposed by landlords and settled on the free pristine land. These people were called Cossacks, that is, 'free people'.
The Great Patriotic War became a page in the history of the region that is never to be forgotten. The battle of Stalingrad is one of the most important battles in the history of the whole humankind. It unwrapped on the vast territory of 100 hundred square kilometres. At different stages more than 2 billion people from the both sides took part in it as well as up to 2 thousand tanks, more than 2 thousand airplanes, up to 26 thousand guns. The battle of Stalingrad heralded the beginning of the fundamental change in the course of the Great Patriotic War and World War II in general.
Geographical location, natural resources, climate
The Volgograd oblast is situated in the south-east of the European part of Russia on the both banks of the lower stream of the Volga and the Middle Don.
The Volgograd oblast has an advantageous geographical location being the main gateway to the south of Russia with the ways to Iran, Iraq, Caucasus, Ukraine and Kazakhstan, and, in the opposite direction, to the central part of Russia and the Volga region. In the oblast also meet, by the means of the Volga-Don Canal, two most importand rivers of the European part of Russia, that is, the Volga and the Don. Through the canal one can come to the following seas; he Caspian, the White, the Baltic, the Black and the Azov.
The climate of the oblast is arid and extremely continental. The north-western part is situated in the forest-steppe area, the eastern – in the semi-desert area that borders on desert proper. The mean annual precipitation in the north-west is about 500 mm, in the south-east it is less than 300 mm. The absolute temperature peak (+42 °C … +44 °C) is usually observed in July and August. The absolute temperature minimum is −36 °C … −42 °C; it is observed in January and February.
The Volgograd oblast subsoil resources are rich in huge amounts of mineral deposits including raw hydrocarbon deposits (magnesium, potassium, sodium salts and phosphate rocks).
The total area is 112.9 thousand km² (78 % are comprised by agricultural lands).
The leading industrial branches of the Volgograd oblast are: machine building and metalworking, fuel and oil-refining, chemical and hydrocarbon process industries. Building materials production, ferrous and non-ferrous metallurgy, wood processing, light industry and agriculture.
The oblast is famous for producing crops, vegetable oil, vine crops and vegetables.
The soil and the climate of the region allow to organize large-scale industry of high-quality crops, corn, groats, vegetables, fruits and vine crops.
The following highways pass through the territory of the Volgograd oblast:
· E 119—М6 Moscow – Astrakhan federal highway;
· E 40—М21 Volgograd – Chisinau highway;
· R228 Syzran – Saratov – Volgograd road.
The railroads belonging to OAO RR and relating to the Privolzhskaya railway are situated in the Volgograd oblast. Altogether there are 75 stations within the oblast territory. Furthermore, the Malaya Privolzhskaya railway also operates in Volgograd.
The main waterways of the oblast are the Volga and the Don. The port cities are Volgograd, Kalach-on-Don, Kamyshin, Volzhsky.
Types of tourism
· Cultural and educational
Places of interest
· The memorial complex 'To the heroes of the Battle of Stalingrad' on the Mamayev kurgan
· The military and memorial cemetery
· The memorial 'Soldatskoye pole' (the soldiers' field')
· The monument 'Soyedineniye frontov' ('the union of fronts')
· Tsaritsynskaya sentry line
· The ethnographical museum of Don Cossacks architecture and household
· The building of the town house and the visit centre of the natural park 'Volgo-Akhtubinskaya poyma'
· Kamyshinsky Zemskoy house
· Salt lake Elton
· Razin Stepan Timofeyevish, also known as Stenka Razin (1630—1671) — a Don Cossack, the leader of the 1670—1671 uprising, the largest Russian revolt that happened in Russia before Peter the Great
· Pugachyov Yemelyan Ivanovich (1742—1775) — a Cossack, the leader of the Pugachyov Rebellion 1773—1775
· Marfa, fool for Christ (1880—1925 гг.) — a seeress
· Kaledin Aleksey Maksimovich (1861—1918) — a Russian military commander, a cavalry general
· Mashkov Ilya Ivanovich (1881—1944) — a Soviet painter, honoured arts worker of the RSFSR
· Kibalnikov Aleksandr Pavlovich (1912—1987) — a Soviet sculptor, a People's artist of the USSR
· Yefremov Vasily Sergeyevich (1915—1990) — a pilot, colonel, twice Hero of the Soviet Union
· Maresyev Aleksey Petrovich (1916—2001) — a Soviet pilot, Hero of the Soviet Union
· Lapikov Ivan Gerasimovich (1922—1993) — a Soviet and Russian theatre and cinema actor
· Pakhmutova Aleksandra Nikolayevna (1929) — a Soviet and Russian composer
· Martynov Evgeny Grigoryevich (1948—1990) — a Soviet singer and composer
· Evgeny Plushenko (1982) — a Russian figure skater
Emergency phone numbers
01 services for all the city phone numbers, 112 – for all the cellular phones, any mobile connection provider
(8442) 49-7323 — “The Centre of Communications”, the watch officer
Sources of information on region tourist facilities
Tourist information centres, the Volgograd Oblast State Public Institutions
The Volgograd Administration Committee on Youth Affairs:
Volgograd, Kommunisticheskaya Str., 21
Phone: (8442) 24-2620
Fax: (8442) 24-2621