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Astrakhan Region

Astrakhan KremlinAstrakhan RegionAstrakhan State Nature ReserveCathedral of the Assumption

The Subject of the Russian Federation:
Astrakhan Region

Federal District: The Southern Federal District

Area: 49 024 km2
Population: 1 007 113 persons.

Emblem of Astrakhan Region
Emblem of Astrakhan Region

Flag of Astrakhan Region
Flag of Astrakhan Region



Description

Astrakhan Oblastis an ancient hospitable land under the dazzling south sun. The region has its amazing history and unique nature. The city of Astrakhanis not only very attractive, but has many faces. Fishing Capital and Gateway to the Caspian are also names of Astrakhan. Due to the abundance of bridges over the rivers and shallow channels, Astrakhanis also called the "Veniceof the Volga". It is no secret that every traveler wants to see a miracle - the endless fields of lotus. Lotus was anciently called the Caspian Rose and it was not a coincidence. Here in the delta of the Volgayou may admire this beauty and make a heart's desire.

It is impossible to describe everything about the region. You should come and enjoy its ancient splendor and warmth of hospitality.

Astrakhan Oblast— the subject of the Russian Federation.

Administrative center - Astrakhan.

Founded on December 27, 1943.

It borders Volgograd Oblast by land in the north, Kalmykia in the west and the Republicof Kazakhstan in the east.

Population exceeds 1 million people.  

The oblast is divided into two city districts - Astrakhan and Znamensk - a closedpolitical subdivision, as well as into 11 municipalities.

History

The territory of modern Astrakhan Oblast was occupied by the Old Turkic Khazar khanate with Judaism prevailing and with a capital in the city of Itil.

At the end of the X - at the beginning of the ХIIIthe Pechenegs, Cumansand Kipchaks dominated here. In the middle of the ХIIIcentury lower reaches of the VolgaRiverbecame the center of the numerous Mongol-Tatar Golden Horde (Ulus Jochi-khana). Such cities as Sarai Batu and Sarai-Berke were founded, and at the very beginning of the ХIVcentury a city known as Haji-Tarkhan was established which used to be a predecessor of modern Astrakhan.

Two war campaigns headed by Russian Tsar Ivan IV the Terrible in 1554 and 1556 resulted in surrender of the khanate and its incorporation into the Russian state. The title "Tsar of Astrakhan" began to be given to the Russian tsars. Relocated in 1558, Astrakhanbecame a safe political and military outpost in southern Russia. Thus, Astrakhan Voivodeship was established. Later on it was transformed into a huge gubernia (province)that included southern Russian land from the North Caucasus to Samara and Kazan.

An administrative term "Astrakhan Oblast" first appeared in 1785, when it was selected alongside with the Caucasus region as part of the Viceroyalty of the Caucasus. However, Astrakhangubernia survived a longer period from 1717 to 1785, and then from 1802 to 1928.

Then the Astrakhanregion was a part of the Lower Volgaone in the 30's and 40's, then that of Stalingrad Krai.

In December 27, 1943, Astrakhan Oblast was renewed as an independent administrative-territorial unit within the RSFSR.

Geographical location, natural resources, climate

Astrakhan Oblast is situated on the boundary between Europe and Asia, in south-east of the East European Plain within the Caspian Lowlands, at temperate latitudes, in the native zones of deserts and steppes. The relief is plain. The boundary between the desert and steppe is situated just southward at 48 º N. The area is 44.1 thousand km².

Astrakhan Oblast has a unique natural complex represented by the valley of the Lower Volga– it is Volga-Akhtuba Floodplain and the Volga Delta. Volga-Akhtuba Floodplain is a space between the Volgaand Akhtuba rivers, where the grasslands and flood plain forests are spread. Right in its Delta the VolgaRiverbegins to split up into 900 estuaries. Then the river flows into the Caspian Seawhich is the southern boundary of the oblast.

The oblast has about 700 salt lakes which contain such chemical components as iodine, bromine, lithium and rare metals.

The highest average temperature is observed in July: 24-25°C. Precipitation is 150-200 mm/year.

One of the world’s greatest high-quality salt deposits are situated in LakeBaskunchak.

The present vegetation of the Caspian Seaappeared about 15-16 thousand years ago and is represented by 850 species of plants. It is the only place in Russiawhere the association of vegetation varying from bank to desert one may be found.

Forests in the Astrakhan Oblast occupy just over 1%. Here are hardwood trees (oak, ash, elm), softwood (willow, poplar) and shrub vegetation (willow, oleaster).

Such region that has abundance and variety of valuable fish species cannot be compared to any other one in the world. Over 70 species of fish (sturgeon, beluga, sterlet) inhabit the waters of the VolgaRiverand Caspian Sea.

Industry

A manufacturing background of the region is industrial and agricultural. Such industries, as fish processing, light and chemical industry, mechanical engineering and water transport are developed in Astrakhan Oblast.

Agriculture

Agriculture is specialized in growing field crops, vegetables (tomato), melon (watermelon and melon), as well as in mutton-wool sheep and camel breeding. 

Transport

The length of railways is 849 km, roads – 4.031 km, river routes – 1.443 km.

The main navigable rivers are the Volga, Bakhtemir, Buzan, Bolden, Akhtuba, Kizan and Tsarev.

There is a route network of bus transportation developed, as well as air, railway, river and sea transport.

Astrakhan Oblast has the Astrakhanand Olya sea ports.

Between the ports of Olya and Gilan (Iran), there is a regular sea ferry service.

Types of tourism

  • Active
  • Recreational
  • Religious
  • Cultural-cognitive
  • Business
  • Event
  • Ecological
  • Fishing and hunting
  • Beach

Attractions

  1. AstrakhanStateNature Biosphere Reserve
  2. Russia’s largest curative salt lakeBaskunchak
  3. BolshoeBogdoMountain(149 m) - pilgrimage destination forBuddhists
  4. The Valleyof Lotusin the delta ofthe VolgaRiver
  5. Urochishche Kordon
  6. GorodishcheSamosdelkaArcheological Monument
  7. SelitrennoeGorodishcheArcheologicalMonumentand the Sarai-Batu – the Capital ofthe Golden Horde tourist complex
  8. The only Watermelon's Museum in Russia
  9. RegionalCulturalCenternamed after KurmangazySagyrbaeva outstanding Kazakh composer
  10. Museum of the Fisheries History

Famous people

  • Trediakovskii Vasiliy K. (1703—1769) - the first Russian academician (1733—1759), poet, translator
  • Kustodiyev Boris Mikhailovich (1878—1927) – great Russian painter
  • Barsova Valeriya V. (1892—1967) – outstanding Russian opera singer
  • Maksakova Maria Petrovna (1902—1974) - outstanding opera singer, People's Artist of the USSR
  • Elanskaya Claudia N. (1898-1972) - outstanding film and theatre actress, People's Artist of the USSR(1948)
  • Babkina Nadezhda (1950) - popular Russian singer, People's Artist of Russia
  • Rinat Dasayev (1957) - famous Soviet and Russian football player

Sources of Tourism Informationin the Region

Department of Tourism Activities Development and Organization (the Ministry of Sports and Tourism of Astrakhan Oblast)
Address: 414000, Russia, Astrakhan, Nicholskaya Str., 9
Telephone: (8512) 52-4046
www.asttour.ru

E-mail: tour_ao@mail.ru

Emergency Telephones

Helpline of the Head Department of the Ministry of Emergency Situations of Russiain AstrakhanOblast - (8512) 39-9999

Territorial Authorities of the Ministry of Emergency Situationsof Russia

Head Department of the Ministry of Emergency Situations of Russia in Astrakhan Oblast
Address: 414045, Russia, Astrakhan, Tambovskaya Str., 3 / Volzhskaya Str., (Kriushi), 11
Telephone: (8512) 44-0580
Fax: 8 (8512) 46-9914
30.mchs.gov.ru
E-mail: mchs@astranet.ru