The Yamalo-Nenets autonomous region
The Subject of the Russian Federation:
Yamal-Nenets Autonomous Area
Federal District: The Ural Federal District
Area: 769 250 km2
Population: 546 170 persons.
Emblem of Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous District
Flag of Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous District
Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous District - the subject of the Russian Federation.
Many seek the wonders of the world and travel in order to know the most beautiful places on our planet. Without any exaggeration, the entire Yamal - this is a great wonder of the world where you can be surprised every minute of natural beauty, wonderful tradition of small nations, their hospitality and unique cuisine.
Anything you can tell about this amazing land, you must surround the epithet "miraculous." And indeed, you are sure to be able to see for yourself, traveling over the vast expanses of the original land.
The administrative center of the district - the city of Salekhard.
Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Area is located in the northern part of the West Siberian Plain and borders in the west - with the Nenets Autonomous Okrug and the Komi Republic, in the south - Khanty-Mansi Autonomous District, in the east - the Taimyr (Dolgan-Nenets) Autonomous District and Krasnoyarsk Territory. The length of the county from north to south - 1230 km from east to west - 1125 miles. The northern boundary of the district, washed by the waters of the Kara Sea, has a length of 5100 kilometers and is part of the State Border of the Russian Federation.
The total population of the district - more than 540,000 people.
Major cities in Yamal, Novy Urengoy, Gubkin, Novy Urengoy, Noyabrsk, Nadim, Muravlenko and Salekhard - the world's only city on the Arctic Circle.
Distance from Salekhard to Moscow - 2436 km.
It includes 58 municipalities: six urban districts, 7 municipal districts, 45 villages, including 7 urban and 38 rural.
The first mention of the Yamal land of indigenous peoples from time immemorial lived in it - Nenets and Khanty, refer to the XI century.
Built in 1595 by Cossacks Obdorsk city - now the capital of the Autonomous District Salekhard, the only city in the world on the Arctic Circle - was a reliable bastion of power in Western Siberia.
In 1601 Bowie appeared on the river Mangazeya jail. Establishing strong economic ties with the peoples of the North contributed to the growth of the Ob power of Russia.
In 1660 the Siberian treasury gave more than 600 thousand rubles, or about one-third of budget revenues of the state. The region has started a broad fur trade, mammoth bones, bird feather, fur, clothing and other goods. It was promoted by the famous Obdorsk fair. The monetary unit was a white fox.
December 10, 1930 was formed Yamal (Nenets) District. April 14, 1962 in Taz tundra scored the first gas fountain.
From 1964 to 1966, the first on the Yamal Peninsula were discovered five major fields, including Gubkinskoe with a stock of 350 billion cubic meters of gas and the largest in the world of Urengoy.
Geographical location, natural resources, climate
District is located in the Arctic zone of the West Siberian Plain, in the center of the Far North of Russia, and occupies a vast area of 769,250 km ², which is one and a half times the area of France.
The northernmost point of mainland autonomous region is located at 73 ° north latitude, 800 km from the Arctic Circle. More than half of the district is located above the Arctic Circle, a small part of its territory lies on the eastern slope of the Ural Mountains. Within the county is the Yamal Peninsula.
The climate is determined by the presence of permafrost, the proximity of the cold Kara Sea, the abundance of bays, rivers, swamps and lakes. In general, the district is characterized by long winters (up to 8 months.), Short summers, strong winds, a small quantity of snow. The average annual temperature is negative, in the far north it reaches -10 ° C. Minimum winter temperatures drop to -59 ° C. In the summer, in July, may increase throughout to +30 ° C. Frequent magnetic storms, accompanied by auroral.
The territory of the district is located primarily in three climatic zones: arctic, subarctic and northern area of the strip of the West Siberian Plain. The climate of the Arctic is characterized by long, cold and harsh winter storms with strong, cold and frequent snowstorms, low rainfall, the summer is very short (50 days), strong fog.
The relief in the district is flat, consisting of tundra and forest tundra with many lakes and swamps, and mountainous parts. Mountain range, located on the west district, stretches for 200 miles, reaching heights of up to 1.5 thousand m
Water resources of the region are rich and varied. These include: the coast of the Kara Sea, the numerous bays and inlets, rivers, lakes, wetlands and groundwater. Ob Bay - Bay of the Kara Sea, is one of the largest bays in the Russian Arctic, an area - 44 000 km ². Within the county is located about 300 thousand lakes and 48 thousand rivers, the largest of which are in her mouth Ob, and the river Nadim, Taz (the river) and Pur. Ob River, one of the longest in Russia, flows within the district with two powerful arms. The presence of lakes, most of which are of glacial origin - one of the characteristic features of the landscape of the Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous District.
The main industry is the fuel, gas, electricity, construction materials, food processing industry.
By the unique oil and gas fields include Urengoi, Medvezhye, Yamburg, Zapolyarnoye, Kharasaveyskoye, Bovanenskoe, Kholmogorskoye etc.
Agro-industrial complex - the basis of the economy and provide professional employment of Indigenous Peoples.
The number of domestic reindeer herd on the Yamal Peninsula is about 600 thousand, is the largest herd in the world. Developed fishing industry. Mined a unique breed of whitefish: salmon, whitefish, broad whitefish, pyzhyan, peled, whitefish. In zverohozyaystvah County veiltail bred fox and silver, silver and black and brown fox.
Types of tourism undertaken in the region
• Cultural and educational
Things to do
• Museum and Exhibition Complex. JS Shemanovsky
• «The ancient capital of the Pechora region - Pustozersk"
• Archaeological Monuments Zelenoyarsky Gulag
• The complex of residential and farm buildings Aboriginal "Knyazhye Yurts"
• Settlement Construction Mangazeya "Merzlotnik"
• The complex of buildings Nadym Settlement carcass type on the Khanty-Men
• Sanctuary Sidyapelyato
• A holy place on the left bank of the river. Seyaha
• Sanctuary Nyaharyaha
• Complex objects of ethnic culture in the north-eastern shore of the lake. Small Muzykantov
• Bushuev Andrew - Honored Builder of the Russian Federation
• Leroy Masskva - Russian singer. Laureate of the 2005 MTV Russia as the "Breakthrough of the Year." She lived and studied in Novy Urengoy
• Elena Terleeva - singer. Born in Surgut (Khanty), but spent her childhood in Novy Urengoy (Yamalo-Nenets)
• Sergei Peregudov - Russian actor and theater. Born on October 6, 1981 in Nadyme
• Rugin Roman Prokopievich - writer
• Yaungad Habecha Hyvarevich - journalist
Phones for communication in emergencies
State Yamal "Yamalspas", Salekhard, st. Bypass, 12
(34922) 3-4837, (34922) 4-3957
01 - Rescue Service
112 - one of the emergency phones are used in GSM
Sources of information on tourism opportunities in the region
Department of Tourism Yamal - www.yamaltour.ru
AU Yamal "Yamaltur» - www.yamaltour.biz
Service for the Protection and Use of Cultural Heritage-www.nasledie89.info
Territorial authorities of Russian Ministry of Emergency Situations
General Directorate of Ministry of Emergency Situations of Russia in Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug:
Tel.: (34922) 3-4645