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The Chukotka Autonomous Region

The archaeological complex Pegtymelsky Chukotka Autonomous DistrictEkvensky Historical and Cultural ComplexChukotka Autonomous District

The Subject of the Russian Federation:
Chukotka Autonomous Area

Federal District: The Far Eastern Federal District

Area: 721 481 km2
Population: 48 591 persons.

Emblem of Chukotka Autonomous District
Emblem of Chukotka Autonomous District

Flag of Chukotka Autonomous District
Flag of Chukotka Autonomous District



Description

Chukotka Autonomous Okrug — is a subject of the Russian Federation

The okrug shares its border with the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), Magadan region and the Kamchatka Krai. Also it has a maritime border with the U.S in the east. i

Administrative center is the city of Anadyr.

The okrug was established on: December 10, 1930.

Population density: 0.07 /km2, proportion of urban population: 66, 4% (2009 Census).

History:

Until 1953 it used to be a part of the Kamchatka Krai. On May 28, 1951 by the instructions of the Presidium of the Armed Forses of the USSR the region was commited to the Khabarovsk Krai. On December 3, 1953 the region was part of the Magadan oblast. In 1980, after the RSFSR Law "On the RSFSR autonomous regions" had been adopted and according with the Constitution of the USSR, in 1977 the Chukotka National District became autonomous. On July 16th, 1992, after the publication of the Law of the Russian Federation "On the direct entry of the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug in the Russian Federation" on June 17, 1992 N 3056-I, the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug came out of the Magadan oblast. From then by now it is the only autonomous region which is not a part of any constituent unit of the Russian Federation.

Areas that are in the region:

Chukotka Autonomous Okrug includes 3 main cities (Anadyr, Bilibino, Pevek), 15 townships, 45 villages and 6 districts.

Geographical location, natural resources, climate:

Chukotka Autonomous Okrug is located in the extreme north-east of Russiaand occupies the whole Chukchi Peninsula, a part of continent and a number of islands (Vrangel, Iron, Ratmanov and others ).

Chukotka Autonomous Okrug is washed by East-Siberian and Chukchi Sea of the Arctic Ocean and Bering Sea of the Pacific Ocean.

Main rivers of the region are Anadyr (with Mine, Belaya and Tanyurer flowings), Omolon, Velikaya, Amguema, Bolshoi and Malyi Anyui. The largest lakes are Krasnoye, Elgygytgyn, Pekulneyskoe.

Chukotka Autonomous Okrug is a territory with frontier routine. The entry for the citizens of the Russian Federation on the territory of the district, that is adjacent to the coast and on islands, is regulated by Russian border guards. That means the permission from the Border Service of the Russian Federation or the documents that allow occurrence in the border zone are needed.

Most of the region territory is located behind the Arctic Circle. That’s why the climate is harsh and sub-arctic, on the coast the climate is oceanic, while in inland areas — it’s continental. Winter lasts up to 10 months.

Average temperature in January is from 15C to 39C below zero, in July from 5 to 10C above zero. Precipitation is about 200—500 mm per year. Vegetation period in the southern district is about 80—100 days. Perpetually frozen soil is everywhere.

Industry

The Significant source of electricity in the region is Bilibino Atomic Power Station. . Coal mining is carried out for own needs of the region, there are some small fish processing companies, manufacturers that specialize on building materials.

From the beginning of the XXI century the gold mines and the mines make great imput into the economics of the region.

Agriculture

Agricultural sector is presented by deer farming, fishing industry and by sea-hunting. Also fur-farming, plant cultivation, animal breeding, poultry breeding are widely spread.

Transportation

The crawler transporter in the village of Lorino, Chukotka, has an extremely low level of transport support, very low density of the population along with severe climate conditions (winter lasts up to 9 month) are promotive of that, which makes road construction very expensive and time consuming. At the moment paved roads exist only in the cities and their surrounding villages, while throughout the rest of the Chukotka winter roads are used. Winter roads are the unpaved roads, where current of traffic is possible only in winter, where there is packed snow. For transportation cross-country vehicles are used, snowmobiles and cross-country lorries. There are projects on the connection of Chukotka from the main road network in Russia. There are no railways in the Chukotka region, but on the territory of some plants little narrow-gauge railways exist. . The main modes of transport for long distance transportation – are by sea and by air. Every city there has its own airport. However, despite the proximity of Alaska, there is no regular air or sea traffic between the regions. Sea traffic can be very difficult in a period of freezing-up or ice drift. There are several ports of the Northern Sea Route that works. Quite interesting and almost unrealistic transport project is a tunnel throughout the Bering Strait. The Major airline of the Chukotka region is Chukotavia. A significant number of airfields work.

Sights

Museum Center Chukotka Heritage

Chukotka Bering Heritage Museum

MBN - The most North-East museum

Famous natives:

• Roman Abramovich ( b 1966) - Russian businessman and former governor of the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug.