The Subject of the Russian Federation:
Federal District: The North-Western Federal District
Area: 54 501 km2
Population: 640 613 persons.
Emblem of Novgorod
Flag of Novgorod
The word "Great" is rarely applicable to the cities. Too much importance and a special honor is in the meaning of the word.
Veliky Novgorod is a city truly great. Great for its history and of course the great hospitality of its inhabitants. Veliky Novgorod is difficult and sometimes impossible to determine where the city ends and begins a museum. About 50 of the most valuable monuments of ancient Russian architecture of the XI-XVII centuries have become a part of an extraordinary city world.
Stroll through the streets of this city full of romance, touch the rough walls of temples, carefully peer into a truly abysmal picture of ancient frescos - and bustle of the modern world melt in your imagination. Some kind of great grace envelops you with its warmth and time stops at a remarkable moment of harmony between the past and your soul.
The magic of St. Sophia Cathedral, one of the oldest stone creations of Russia, hits any traveler, and the Church of Transfiguration Nereditsa (1198) has no equal in beauty to the world.
And how many remarkable discoveries waiting for you when meeting with a museum of living history Slavic Village of the X century which is located in the village Lubytino, which is more than a thousand years old.
There is a wonderful land in the world who cannot visit, and the Novgorod region belongs to this rare Almighty holy places.
Novgorod region is the subject of the Russian Federation.
Its aAdministrative center is Veliky Novgorod.
It was founded on July 5, 1944.
The region is the sixth of seven areas of the North-West Federal District and is about 54 501 km ².
Novgorod region is one of the oldest historical and cultural areas of Russia, which is the starting center for the development of Russian national identity. The settlement of the territory of the Novgorod region began in the Mesolithic and Neolithic (III-II millennium BC. E.) periods.
Since the end of the VIII century the region began to spread Slavic settlements.
By the middle of the IX century in the source of the Volkhov Priilmenskoy formed the administrative center of the district, which is associated with the earliest reports of ancient chronicles of the first calling the Prince Rurik.
The basis of economic prosperity and power of Novgorod was the transit trade and vast estates to the north and east of Ilmenskogo basin, development of which Novgorod was carried out during the XI-XVI centuries.
From April 1727 was founded Novgorod Province, which includes the rights of independent administrative-territorial units five provinces: Velikolutskaya, Novgorod, Pskov, Tver, and Belozerskaya.
Since 1927, the territory of the Novgorod counties were included in the Leningrad region and with some changes persisted in its composition before the start of World War II.
Novgorod oblast was created July 5, 1944.
Geographical location, natural resources, climate
Novgorod Oblast is located in the north-west of the East European Plain. The terrain is flat, hilly. In the south-east region is Valdai Upland (elevations to 296 m).
Major rivers Volkhov, Meta, Lovat. Lakes Ilmen and Seliger (the northern part).
The climate is temperate continental with an average January temperature about 7 degrees below zero, the average temperature in July is 16 degrees above zero and precipitation is 800 mm per year.
On the territory of the Novgorod region occur mainly sod-podzol, in the north-west - the swampy soil. Vegetation is mixed forests.
The leading part play the chemical and metallurgical industry.
The profitability of agriculture is 10.2%, including milk production - 15%, pork - 34%, poultry meat - 40%, eggs - 31%, potatoes - 8%, greenhouse vegetables - 19%, vegetables - 23%.90% of agricultural enterprises of the region are dairy. The main producer of pork is "Novgorod Bacon (90% of total pork production in the region).
Railroads October Railway:
- St. Petersburg (SPb-Glavn. Msc Station) — Chudovo (Article Chudovo Okt.zhd) — Okulovka — Uglovka — Bologoye — Tver — Moscow (Moscow Len.vokzal Okt.zhd)
- St. Petersburg (SPb-Vitebsk.) — Batetskaya — Soltsy — Bottom — (Kiev, Minsk, Pskov, Chisinau)
- Veliky Novgorod (Novgorod on the Volkhov Article) — Batetskaya — Meadows II
- Veliky Novgorod (Novgorod on the Volkhov Article) — Novolisino — Pavlovsk — St Petersburg (SPb-Vitebsk.)
- Veliky Novgorod (Novgorod on the Volkhov Article) — Chudovo (Article Chudovo Novgorod — art. Chudovo Kirov) — Volkhovstroy-1
- Bologoe — Valdai — Staraya Russa — Dno
- Valdai — Krestsy
- Uglovka — Borovichi
- Okulovka — Nebolchi
- St. Petersburg — Mga — Kirishi — Nebolchi — Khvoynaya — Kabozha — Pestovo — Moscow (Moscow Savel.)
- Kabozha — Podborove
The region is traversed by major federal highway M10 (E 105): Moscow — St. Petersburg (Russia),
In the field of air transport everything is almost entirely ceased. In 2006, was resumed work on the reconstruction of the airport "Krechevitsy" in the same district of Novgorod Krechevitsy.
Shipping — on the rivers Volkhov, Msta and lakes Ilmen Valdai, etc.
Types of tourism
• Cultural and educational
- Museum-Reserve of Suvorov
Museum of Dostoyevsky
Museum of Bells
Iversky Svyatoozersky Virgin Monastery
Borovichi rifts on the river Msta
Alexander Ivanov (1898-1984) - film director, People's Artist of USSR (1964)
Yakov Pavlov (1917-1981) - the hero of the Battle of Stalingrad, Hero of the Soviet Union Sergei Rachmaninoff (1873-1943) - composer, pianist, conductor
Phone number in case of emergency
(8162) 01 - The Ministry of Emergency Situations
(8162) 112 - Emergency (Mobile)
Sources of information on tourism opportunities in the region
(8162) 99-8686 - Center for Development of Tourism "Red cottage"
Territorial authorities of Russian Ministry of Emergency Situations
Main Directorate of Ministry of Emergency Situations of Russia in Novgorod region:
173 020, Veliky Novgorod, 67. Bolshaya Moskovskaya street
Telephone: (8162) 77-46-02