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Khanty-Mansiysk autonomous district

Nature Monument Nature Monument Nature Monument Nature Monument

The Subject of the Russian Federation:
Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Area — Yugra

Federal District: The Ural Federal District

Area: 534 800 km2
Population: 1 538 463 persons.

Emblem  of Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Area
Emblem of Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Area

Flag of Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Area
Flag of Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Area



Description

This is a land of legends and the fascination of nature. Numerous tourists arrive here to experience the atmosphere of hospitality, kindness and friendliness.

Lovers of antiques will open its secrets to the unique ecological and ethnographic museum complex. The district has more than 4000 monuments of history and culture. And museums, art galleries with a few works of art will surprise the most discerning connoisseurs of art.

Fishing and hunting enthusiasts have the opportunity to obtain unique trophies. What is the pleasure of traveling without the delicious cuisine! Sturgeon, sturgeon, salmon, whitefish, broad whitefish (schokur) peled (cheese), whitefish (pyzhyan) Sos'va herring (Tugunov) is  a unique fish menu of this generous land.

Once visited, travelers returned here again and again, because the few places on Earth, which charge health and harmony of the soul.

Khanty-Mansiysk autonomous district is  the subject of the Russian Federation.

The administrative center  is  the city of Khanty-Mansiysk.

Autonomous Region was founded in December the 10th in  1930.

In 2003 it was renamed in Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug - Ugra.

The resident population is 1 538.6 thousand people.

In the north district borders on the Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous District, in north-west - the Republic of Komi, in the south-west - with the Sverdlovsk region, in the south - with the Tyumen region, in the south and east - from the Tomsk Region and Krasnoyarsk Region.

The structure of the autonomous region includes 13 urban districts, 9 municipalities, 26 towns and 58 villages. Total municipal is  106.

History

The historical name of the region is Ugra. The first written report was recorded in the" Tale of Bygone Years "in 1096. The chronicle tells of an unknown people Ugrians - Ostyaks (Hunt), Voguls (Mansi) - which faced Russian pioneers.

Siberia was annexed to the Moscow state after the legendary Yermak trip. After breaking of Kuchum Khan and took the capital of the Siberian Khanate Isker, Ermak in late winter 1583 sent a small detachment of Cossacks down the Irtysh. The detachment, led by Bogdan Pentecostal Bryazgoy (according to other sources - Cossack chieftain Nikita Pan), passing through the lands of the Konda-pelymsky Voguls, went to the "walls" Samara town. Caught by a sudden attack of the Cossacks, Ostyaks retreated.

A little later, after the death of Yermak, under the leadership of governor Ivan Mansurov, Cossack founded at the mouth of the Irtysh on the right bank of the Ob first Russian fortified settlement - Ob town. Thus, the Mansi and Khanty lands became part of the Russian state that was finally enshrined in the 1592 founding of the city Pelym, Birch, and in 1594 - Surgut.

In order to establish the new order and the economic development of the rich natural resources of the region by the decree of Peter I in 1708 the Siberian province was established (it entered the city Beresov, Surgut). In 1775 the decree of Catherine II was  founded Tobolsk Province.

In 1918 Tobolsk Region was renamed to Tyumen Province, moved to the provincial center of Tyumen. In 1923 the province, counties and parishes were abolished and founded Ural Region, Tobolsk district and districts: Berezovsky, Surgut, Samarovsky, and Kondinsky.

December the 10th in 1930 Presidium of the Central Executive Committee passed a resolution "About organization of national associations in the resettlement areas of small peoples of the North." Resolution called for the establishment of eight national districts, including Ostyako-Vogulsk (Khanty-Mansiysk),  Khanty-Mansi National District gained the status of an autonomous in 1977.

In 1993 the Khanty-Mansi Autonomous District became a full subject of the Russian Federation in accordance with Article 65 of the Constitution.

In accordance with Presidential Decree of July 25, 2003 № 841 of the Khanty-Mansi Autonomous District was renamed into the Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug - Ugra.

Geographical location, natural resources, climate

Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug - Ugra is at the heart of the West Siberian Plain and occupies an area of ​​534.8 square kilometers.

The climate is continental. The average January temperature ranges from -18 to -24 degrees Celsius, the average July temperature is  15.7 to 18.4 degrees Celsius.

The distance from the Khanty-Mansiysk to Moscow is 2040 km, Saint-Petersburg - 2130 km, Yekaterinburg  - 1300 km, Tyumen - 930 km, Surgut - 300 km, Nizhnevartovsk - 540 km.

The relief is represented by a combination of plains, foothills and mountains. For part of the Ural region is characterized by midland terrain. The length of the mountain area of ​​450 km with a width of 30-45 km. Maximum height: City Folk, 1894 m (Ural Mountains) and the city Pedy, 1010 m (North Urals). River network region form the Ob and Irtysh rivers, 12 of their tributaries.

The total number of rivers in the county is about 30 thousand in the district there are about 290 thousand lakes over 1 hectare. The category of large (over 100 sq km area) is Kondinsky Sor, Leushinsky Fog, and Vandemtor Tromemtor.

Forest cover in the district is 52.1%. Grow spruce, cedar, larch, fir and pine. For floodplains, lowlands vegetation is confined. The forests are rich in fruit-eating species of vegetation: cranberries, blueberries, blackberries, blueberries, currants, cloudberries, raspberries, wild roses, bird cherry, and rowan.

Animals: fox, fox, squirrel, sable, marten, ermine, weasel, polecat, mink, weasel, otter, hare, mole, squirrel, wild reindeer, elk, etc.

Poultry: geese, geese, grouse, black grouse, hazel grouse, partridges, ducks, sandpipers.

In waters inhabited by 42 species of fish, including high-value fisheries - sturgeon, sterlet, white salmon, whitefish, broad whitefish (schokur) peled (cheese), whitefish (pyzhyan) Sos'va herring (Tugunov).

Industry

Specificity of the region's economy is linked to the discovery of rich oil and gas fields. In the sectoral structure of industrial production is a priority oil and gas industry, power generation, metal processing, gas processing, logging and wood processing, and others.

Agriculture

In agriculture, dominated by dairy and livestock meat, reindeer herding. Developed farming (silver-black fox, blue fox, mink), hunting fur-bearing animals in suburban areas - vegetable and potato.

Transport

In the Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug - Ugra basic transportation - water and rail transport. The total length of railways 1106 km. The length of the road for more than 11 thousand km The length of navigable waterways is 5544 km.

Types of tourism undertaken in the region

• Cultural and educational tourism

• Business

• Tourism Events

• Health tourism

• Eco-tourism

• Hunting and Fishing

• Activities

• Religious

• Ethnography and ethnic tourism

Attractions

The district operates a network of unique ecological and ethnographic museum complexes; there are more than 4000 monuments of history and culture. Museums, art galleries with a few pieces of fine art, modern concert halls are an important part of the cultural program offered by the district visitors.

Famous natives

• Erve Yuri G. - an outstanding geologist, the first head Glavtyumengeologii, Hero of Socialist Labor

• Mary Voldina Kuzminichna - Khanty poet

• Rayshev Gennady Stepanovich - artist, member of Russian Union of Artists

• Kon'kova Mitrofanovna Anna - a writer, a member of the Writers' Union of Russia

• Shestalov Uvan Nikolaevich - member of the Writers' Union of Russia, laureate of State Prize. Gorky

• Muravlenko Viktor, the former chief Glavtyumenneftegaz, winner State and Lenin Prizes, Hero of Socialist Labor

• Pavel Popov - a veteran labor Forestry District, twice Hero of Socialist Labor

• Eid al-Salmanov Farman oglu - former chief Glavtyumengeologii, Hero of Socialist Labor, Lenin Prize winner, Dr. Mineralogical Sciences, Professor

Phones for communication in emergencies

Emergency Services

01 - Fire Service

02 - police

03 - Ambulance

04 - Gas Emergency Service

112 - emergency telephone number

Budget establishment of Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug - Ugra "Centrospas-Yugoria"

A. 8 (3467) 33-6601, 33-6655, 33-6662 - Service of fire fighting and rescue operations

Two. 8 (3467) 36-8209 - PSO (Khanty-Mansiysk), trans. South, on 16a

Three. 8 (34672) 5-2868 - JI (Nyagan), st. Transport, 9, room 4

4. 8 (34676) 4-6502, 4-61-01 - JI (Urai), industrial base, a journey, a fire station

Five. 8 (34674) 4-5688 - PSO (n Saranpaul), st. Vokueva, 1

Sources of information on tourism opportunities in the region

Links to online resources of tourism of the Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug - Ugra for more information:

The official website of the government of the Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug - Ugra (www.admhmao.ru), section "Travel"

Information and educational portal of the Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug - Ugra (www.eduhmao.ru), section "Tourism in Ugra"

Official Web site of the Department of Natural Resources and the non-oil sector of the economy of the Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug - Ugra - (www.ugrales.ru)

The territorial authority MES of Russia in Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug - Ugra

Address: 628002, Russia, Tyumen Region, Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug - Ugra, Khanty-Mansiysk, ul.Posadskaya, 17

Reception: tel.: (3467) 35-1802 gochshm@ugramail.ru

Emergency Helpline Russia: (495) 449-9999

Helpline Ural regional center: (343) 261-9999

Helpline Main Department: tel.: (34671) 39-7740 (hours)

Operations duty officer: tel.: (3467) 35-1800, operhmao@ugramail.ru

Press office: tel.: (3467) 35-1838, 35-1852, opsougps@ugramail.ru