The Subject of the Russian Federation:
Federal District: The Privolzhsky Federal District
Area: 37 181 km2
Population: 1 298 579 persons.
Emblem of Ulyanovsk region
Flag of Ulyanovsk region
The Ulyanovsk oblast is universally known to be a homeland of Vladimir Ilyich Lenin, a statesman and a politician. But nowadays this region has also many other well-deserved titles: the cultural capital of the CIS, the aircraft capital of Russia and even Kolobok's homeland. Packing your things, set yourself up for a most interesting journey that will include visiting Skripinskiye Kuchery reserve, relic Beloye lake, the Undory settlement, the holy Nikolina mount, the Crafts centre. But first of all you'll get acquainted with ever-hospitable Ulyanovsk. There are so many museums and galleries here that even European cultural centres may get envious.
Walk along quiet streets of Sibmirsk and modern city mains of Ulyanovsk, and you'll feel that wonderful link of times that magnificent architectural designs managed to preserve. That is the city of good moods; well, what does a tourist actually need besides a smile and admiration for what he has just seen? The hospitable Ulyanovsk land is sure to give you such sensations.
The Ulyanovsk oblast is a subject of the Russian Federation
The administrative center is Ulyanovsk.
The oblast was founded on January 19, 1943.
The oblast population makes up about 1.3 million people.
Borders with the Samara oblast in the east, the Saratov oblast in the south, the Penza oblast and Mordovia in the west, Chuvashia and Tatarstan in the north.
There are 167 municipal formations in the oblast including 21 municipal districts. The largest cities are Ulyanovsk, Dimitrovgrad, Inza, Barysh, Novoulyanovsk.
The colonization of the Middle Volga region happened, according to archaeological data, more than 100 thousand years ago. The presence of human communities in the Ulyanovsk Volga region in the paleolithic era is indicated by individual man sites and stone tools and bones locations found in the mouth of the Cheremshan river on Tunguz peninsula, on the bank of the Volga, in the area of the Undorovsky resort.
In VIII—IX centuries, the Ulyanovsk Volga region became a part of the Early Volga Bulgaria as a union of the Turkic-speaking nomadic and sedentary Ugro-Finnic tribes.
In the late XIV—early XV centuries, after the devastating raid of the Central Asian ruler Tamerlane there started the process of forsaking the Ulyanovsk Volga Region. Since the late 30-ies of the XV century, the region became a part of the Kazan Khanate. After Kazan was captured, Russians gradually populated the territories of future Simbirsk governorship.
In the late 40-ies of the XVII century under the leadership of stolnik (steward) Bogdan Khitrovo there began the construction of the Karsun-Simbirsk Zasechnaya cherta (1647—1654).
22 years after the foundation of Simbirsk it had to withstand a strong fight in defense of the state, but the enemies were not external ones, they were robber Cossack outlaws under the leadership of their chieftain, Stepan Razin.
In the XVIII century because of the expansion of the territory of the Russian state, particularly in the east, the southern areas of the nowadays Ulyanovsk oblast territory started to get intensively developed and colonized, and Simbirsk itself started to lose its military-strategic importance, but still remained a provincial center.
The Soviet power in the Simbirsk guberniya was established after little more than a month after the October Revolution, on December 10, 1917. In 1918 the guberniya became the flashpoint of the civil war. After Simbirsk in September, 1918 was freed of the White movement prticipants, the city became an important rear base for the Soviet government. For some time the headquarters of the Revolutionary Military Council and the Eastern Front were situated there. Simbirsk ammunition plant played an important role in supporting the Red Army with ammunition.
In 1924, Simbirsk was renamed (without taking into account the views of residents) into Ulyanovsk. On May 14, 1928, the RSFSR Ulyanovsk Guberniya was abolished.
With the beginning of the Great Patriotic War, various enterprises and institutions as well as residents of Moscow, Leningrad and the western regions of the country were evacuated to Ulyanovsk On January 19, 1943 the Ulyanovsk oblast was formed from a number of the Kuibyshev and Penza oblasts' districts .
In the 1950—1960s, some new industrial enterprises (including the heavy and unique machines plant, the mechanical plant, Dimitrovgrad Scientific Research Institute of Atomic Reactors, etc.) were created in the oblast, and the highway bridge over the Volga River as well as the airport in Ulyanovsk were built. In 1970, Leonid Brezhnev opened at a formal ceremony a memorial museum of Lenin.
Geographical location, natural resources, climate:
The Ulyanovsk oblast is located in the southern and eastern European part of Russia, in the Middle Volga region. It's Russia's 59th largest oblasts and the smallest among the 8 Volga regions. In the Volga Federal district the Ulyanovsk oblast occupiesthe 11th place out of 14 regions.
The Volga River divides the territory into the upland right bank and lowland left Bank.
The right bank of the Volga is occupied by the Volga Upland (height up to 363 m) with the Undorsky, Kremensky and Sengileyevsky mountain ranges coming close to the Volga . The surface of the left bank is a hollow ridge plain.
The main river is the Volga (Kuibyshev Reservoir), with its tributaries the Sura, the Sviyaga and the Bolshoy Cheremshan. A part of the Radischevsky district is located on the banks of the Saratov Reservoir.
The climate is temperate continental with cold winters and hot summers. Short arid spring is typical for the oblast. Autumn in the Ulyanovsk oblast is usually warm, the snow cover is established in mid-November. The coldest month is January. Winter is snowy with frequent thaws, it lasts from mid-November to mid-March. The average January temperature is –13 ° C, July +19 C. Summer weather is set in mid-May. The region has frequent droughts. The vegetation period lasts for about 180 days.
The Ulyanovsk oblast is located in the forest steppe and deciduous forest areas. Forestation covers 1/4 of the area. In the north-west there are large tracts of oak forests with linden and maple, in the Volga River there are meadow steppes, separate pine forests.
Fauna is comprised by moose, marten, squirrel, hare, wild boar, wolves; reptiles include lizards,vipers, etc. There are numerous waterfowl and marsh-coastal birds. In the Kuibyshev Reservoir one can find bream, perch, carp, crucian carp, etc.
The main branch of industry is engineering, which accounts for 56% of total industrial output. It is presented by the aircraft, instrument, machine tool and automobile industries. An important place in the industry is taken by a group of automotive plants, which produce about 60% of Russian buses and a little more than 10% of trucks. Aircraft, machine, chemical industry and agricultural equipment are also produced in the oblast.
Aviastar-SP, one of Europe's largest aircraft plants, is situated in Ulyanovsk. The plant is capable of producing over 50 aircraft per year.
The second largest share of industrial production is made by the food industry (13,7%).
Sugar production has developed greatly. AAmong traditional industries, which were developed before the revolution and have grown considerably since then one can point out flour, starch, butter and cheese, distilleries.
Electricity industry has also been significantly developed, reaching 12.5 % of the overall production. — 12,5%. Power of electro plants is 955.6 MW.
The Ulyanovsk oblast is one of the most important agricultural regions in Russia. Dual-purpose cattle is bred in the oblast, as well as pig, sheep, rabbit husbandry and fishery. The leading position in crop production belongs to the production of industrial crops (sugar beet) and potato and crops (wheat, barley, rye, oats) as well as feed crops(corn, alfalfa, sunflower). The region is actively engaged in gardening.
The Ulyanovsk oblast is a major transportation hub. Important all-Russian air, railroad and automotive communications pass through the region.
International air routes linking the Volga region to Europe, Central Asia, the Middle East and China pass through the oblast. Ulyanovsk is the only city in the Volga Federal District where there are two class "A" airports: Ulyanovsk-Tsentralny and the international airport Ulyanovsk-Vostochny, equipped with modern electronic navigational systems, that allows to take aircraft of all types without limitation of the take-off mass, including AN-124 "Ruslan" and "Boeing-747". In addition, the international airport Ulyanovsk-Vostochny possesses a unique runway with the length of 5100 m and the width of 105 meters that is able to take the space shuttles. The major airlines for passenger and cargo transportation in the Ulyanovsk oblast are JSC Volga-Dniepr and Polet Airlines.
The length of roads of the federal and regional importance comprises 4 904.5 km, of which 431.7 km federal roads and 4 472.8 km- regional ones. The length of roads with asphalt coating is 4 416.3 km.
Construction of the largest bridge over the Volga in the Russian Federation is completed in Ulyanovsk. The first stage of the bridge opened on November 24, 2009. The new bridge became the part of the "Volga transit" - an alternative route connecting the European part of Russia with the Urals, Siberia and the Far East that will relieve the existing federal roads. The southern part of the oblast is crossed by the federal highway M5 Urals.
The rail transportation in the oblast are fulfilled by the Ulyanovsk Branch of the Kuibyshev Railway, which is an afiiliate of of OAO RZD.
The Ulyanovsk river port is situated on both Volga banks, while on the right bank there exists the crane with a capacity of 100 tons, the one and only on the Volga.
Activities at the river port are carried out by the JSC Ulyanovsk River Port, which has a license for cargo and passenger inland waterway transportation as well as for loading and unloading activities.
Advanced transportation network, as well as the implementation of such major projects as the new bridge and the Volzhky transit, connected to it, make the region attractive for revitalizing logistics businessesEven more attractive to international logistics companies has a special economic zone with a preferential tax and customs regime, that is being created in the region. Warehouses, fitting shops and aircraft repair enterprises.
Types of tourism
· Cultural and educational
Places of interest
· Tourist recreational zone “The Centre of Crafts” (Tsentr Remyosel)
· Tourist recreational zone “The Russian shore” (Russkiy Bereg)
· The Undory settlement
· The widest Volga place – the so-called Volga Sea
· The Skripinskiye Kuchury reserve
· The holy Nikolina mount
· The estate of the USSR People's artist A.A. Plastov in Prislonikha settlement
· The museum-estate of Yazykovy
· Zhadovinsky cloister
· Relic Beloye lake
· Lenin (Ulyanov) Vladimir Ilyich – a statesman and politician, the chairman of the RSFSR and the USSR government
· Goncharov Ivan Aleksandrovich – a Russian writer
· Karamzin Nikolay Mikhailovich – a Russian historian and a writer
· Davydov Denis Vasilyevich – a poet, a writer, the hero of the Patriotic war (1812)
· Kerensky Aleksandr Fyodorovich – a lawyer, a statesman and politician, a minister and the head of the Russian provisional government in 1917
· Yazykov Nikolay Mikhailovich – a Russian poet
· Plastov Arkadiy Aleksandrovich – a Soviet artist, painter and a graphic artist
· Minayev Dmitry Dmitriyevich – a poet and satirist, a literator, translator and journalist
· Kurchatov Igor Vasilyevich – a scientist (a specialist in nuclear physics), member of the academy of sciences, one of the USSR inventors of the nuclear weapon
Emergency phone numbers
· All the emergency services from the cellular phone – 112
· Suicide and crisis hotline — (8422) 42-0025
Sources of information on the region tourist facilities
Oblast state-financed organization Ulyanovsky oblast resource centre of tourism and service development — (8422) 42-0575
The Russian ministry of Emergency situations territorial bodies
The Russian ministry of Emergency Ulyanovsk oblast headquarters:
Ulyanovsk, Karla Marksa Str., 121
The headquarters receiving office phone number: (8422) 42-6401