The Subject of the Russian Federation:
Federal District: The Siberian Federal District
Area: 314 391 km2
Population: 1 043 759 persons.
Emblem of Tomsk region
Flag of Tomsk region
Tomsk Oblast - the subject of the Russian Federation.
Administrative center – Tomsk city.
It borders with the Tyumen Oblast and the Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Area in the north, with the Kemerovo and Novosibirsk oblasts in the south, with the Omsk Oblast in the west, with the Krasnoyarsk Krai in the east.
The oblast was founded on the 13th of August, 1944. Population density is 3.3 persons per sq km (2009).
Long before the appearance of the Russians in Siberia, the territory of the modern Tomsk Oblast was inhabited by people, belonging to the Kulayskaya taiga civilization, famous for its bronze artifacts.
The development of the region began in the end of the XVI— at the beginning of the XVII centuries. The oldest settlement of the region is the village (formerly a town) Narym, founded in 1596. An administrative center of the oblast, Tomsk, was founded in 1604. From 1719 to 1804 it was as part of the Tobolsk Province. In 1782 the Tomsk Oblast was formed within the Tobolsk Governorship (from 1796 — the Tobolsk province). In 1804 the Tomsk province was formed, which existed until 1925, when it became a part of the Siberian Krai (since 1930 — the West Siberian Krai).
The Tomsk Oblast was formed on the 13th August, 1944 by isolation some regions and the former Narym district from the Novosibirsk Oblast. On the 26th of July, 1995 the Charter of the Tomsk Oblast was adopted. Areas, which are included in the oblast: the Tomsk Oblast is divided into 4 urban districts, 16 municipalities, 3 urban and 118 rural settlements, 576 rural settlements.
Geographical location, natural resources, climate
The length of the oblast from the north to the south is about 600 km, from the west to the east - 780 km.
The biggest part of the oblast’s territory is difficult of access, as it is taiga (forests cover 63% area) and swamps (28,9%, in particular the world's largest Vasyuganskoye swamp).
The highest point in the oblast - 274 m above sea level, the lowest - 34 m above sea level. The largest lake is Mirnoye (the Parabel region).
The climate is continental. The main river is Ob that crosses the oblast diagonally from the south-east to the north-west, dividing the oblast into two almost equal parts.
The Tomsk Oblast is rich in natural resources such as oil, natural gas, ferrous and nonferrous metals, brown coal (first place, according to reserves in Russia), peat (second place, according to reserves in Russia) and groundwater.
There is the Bakcharsky iron ore deposit in the oblast, which is one of the largest in the world (57% of all iron ore in Russia). There are many deposits of raw materials for building materials on the territory of the Tomsk Oblast: clay, sand, limestone, shale, gravel.
The main priorities of economic development are the fuel and energy, scientific and educational complexes, and small business.
The main branches of agriculture — meat and dairy cattle breeding, animal breeding and plants growing.
- Tomsk Regional Historical Museum
- Tomsk Regional Art Museum
- Bridge over the Ushaika River
- Church of the Saviour
- Church of the Slovushiy Resurrection
Famous People that were born in the oblast
- Smoktunovsky, Innocentiy Mikhailovich (1925—1994) — a film and theater actor, a People's Artist of USSR (1974)
- Grechanaja Zinaida Petrovna (born 1956) — a Prime Minister of Moldova (2008-2009)
- Rukavishnikov Nikolay Nikolaevich (1932—2002) — a cosmonaut, a Hero of the Soviet Union. Born in Tomsk