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Sverdlovsk region

Sverdlovsk regionLocal Lore MuseumChurch of the Ascension of ChristSt. Nicholas Church

The Subject of the Russian Federation:
Sverdlovsk Region

Federal District: The Ural Federal District

Area: 194 307 km2
Population: 4 393 797 persons.

Emblem of Sverdlovsk region
Emblem of Sverdlovsk region

Flag of Sverdlovsk region
Flag of Sverdlovsk region



Description

Sverdlovsk region is a young tourism center, during long time it was closed to the public. The most interesting thing for traveler is to discover the historical and cultural heritage of the Sverdlovsk region, which includes more than 1250 sites, reflecting the historical development of the Middle Urals from ancient history to the present day.

The highest rating lines of popularity for travelers traditionally are occupied by the "seven wonders" of the Sverdlovsk region.

First of all, this is a natural park "Deer Streams". It is located in the southwest region in the lower reaches of the river Serga. Here were found parking ancient people and rock carvings.

A special place in tourist preferences is built in the years 1698-1712, Verkhotursky Kremlin is the unique stone kremlin that has been preserved in the Urals.

Its unique structures of XVII-XIX centuries (cottages, fire-tower and guard towers) is famous for its museum of wooden architecture in Lower Sinyachikha. A famous Nevyansk tower, built at the beginning of the XIII century - one of the few in the world of architecture with a slope of 1.8 m. Alapaevsk is famous for a house-museum of Peter Tchaikovsky, where the family of the composer have been living from 1849 to 1852 years.

Mansion, owned by Bazhov’s parents ,in which the writer spent his early years, is well preserved in Sysert . And of course, the tourists who come to the Sverdlovsk region and become acquainted with the places associated with the death of the last Russian Emperor Nicholas II and his family.

Unique natural sights  of the Sverdlovsk region are caves, mountains, cliffs and rocks along the river banks of Chusovaya, Tagil, Neiva, Sandy Lake, talc stone, the Baltics, Tavatuy, Wilderness. In the Sverdlovsk region there are about 500 monuments of nature.

Talc stone is incredibly beautiful forest lake near Sysert, formed on the place flooded and abandoned talc mine. At this place, Paul Bazhov repeatedly visited and admired the sheer pale cliffs which were reflected in a transparent greenish surface of a miniature mirror of the lake. Perhaps this is the place born for his famous tales.

Many cities of Sverdlovsk region is closely related to the historical and cultural community in the period of Russian colonization of the Urals and Western Siberia, combined in a tourist project "Silver Ring of the Urals." The route of the "Silver Ring of the Urals" begins with  Ekaterinburg and passes through the cities of Nevyansk, Nizhny Tagil, Verkhoturye (and the village Merkushino) Alapaevsk (through the village of Lower Sinyachikha and Koptelovo), Rezha, Irbit, Kamensk-Uralsk. Travel in city-plants is remarkable because of their involvment to the metallurgical business, each other are not all similar. Here, you will not run out of unique gift items.

The historical museum of arts and crafts of the region are: iron castings, copper cookware hammered, painted on the trays, etc. Also there are interesting historical and ethnographic museums, introducing the life and traditions of the population of the Sverdlovsk region.

Sverdlovsk region is the subject of the Russian Federation.

Administrative Center - Yekaterinburg.

 It is founded on the 17th of January in 1934 because of the division of the Ural region.

It is bordered with Perm region in the west, with the Republic of Komi and  Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Area in the north,   with Tyumen region in the east , with  Kurgan, Chelyabinsk regions and the Republic of  Bashkortostan in the south .

The area includes 94 municipalities, including 68 urban districts and 5 municipalities, 5 urban settlements and 16 villages.

History

The region's territory has been inhabited since ancient times. The region found numerous settlements of ancient man, dating from the Mesolithic to the Iron Age.

Administrative unit - Sverdlovsk region - was formed (spun off from the Ural region), on January 17 in 1934. Initially, the region includes the territories of modern Perm region.

The development of the Urals began in the end of XI century by the inhabitants of Novgorod. Control and management of the region was moved to Moscow in the XIV century, when Moscow became the center of Russia. The most significant stage of the initial development of the region was on the XVII century, when Russian settlers began massive movement to the east and even reached Alaska.

In 1598 the first settlers founded the city Verkhoturye, which is now located in the Sverdlovsk region. Verkhoturye became the first capital of the Urals because of its strategic location at the crossroads of trade routes. The city remained the administrative and spiritual center of the territories to the east of the Ural mountains for almost two centuries.

At Peter the first time the presence  of a strategic reserves of iron ore and copper, as well as large forest industry specialization was determined the Sverdlovsk region (ferrous and nonferrous metallurgy, wood processing, mining, etc.). The plants were located in the large land holdings and represented a complex production and business facilities, including mines, quarries, logging, horse yards, hays, marinas, boats, workshops, etc. On the base of complexes were formed the mining districts.

The Ural industry of XVIII century was characterized by a high level of technological development. Blast furnaces of Yekaterinburg, Nevyansk, Tagil ironworks for manufacturing and efficiency superior to the best European models of that time, and their product was a leading article of Russian exports. The start up of the Trans-Siberian Railway was a momentous event in the life of the Middle Urals, allowing exporting the big scope of plants products. In the first five years, along with the reconstruction of old enterprises were built industry giants such as the Ural Heavy Machinery Plant, Nizhny Tagil Metallurgical Combine.

Official date of the Sverdlovsk region is considered the 1934 year

During the period from July of 1941 to December of 1942 Ural region has 2 million 127 thousand people, of which 719 thousand are located in the Sverdlovsk region. During the war, the Sverdlovsk region maximized their commercial potential by placing a large number of evacuee’s plants and had made an enormous contribution to the great victory over fascism.

In the postwar years, the Sverdlovsk region has continued to play a key role in the development of national economy and the country's military potential.

Geographical position, natural resources, climate:

Sverdlovsk region is the largest region of the Urals. Region occupies the middle and covers the northern part of the Ural Mountains, as well as the western outskirts of the West Siberian Plain and partially southern-west.

The region forms the border between the two parts of the world, Europe and Asia. The Ural mountain range stretches from the banks of the Arctic Ocean in the north to semi-desert areas of Kazakhstan in the south for over 2500 km, it separates the East European and West Siberian plains.

On average, forests cover about 70% of the area. The region grows over 1,900 different plant species and contains about 212 species of animals and birds.

The climate is temperate continental. Winters are cold, snowy, long, the average January temperature in the south of the region is from -15 ° C to -17 ° C, to the north is from -17 ° C to -20 ° C. A large extent of the region from north to south (600 km) leads to a significant variety of climatic conditions. Summer in the plain is warm (average temperature in July is +18 ° C), it is cool in the mountains. Ural Mountains, in spite of a small height, stand in the way the western winds from the European part of Russia. As a result Middle Urals is open to the incursions of cold Arctic and continental air masses. From south the warm air masses freely penetrate from the Caspian and Central Asian deserts. Therefore, the Middle Urals is characterized by sharp fluctuations in temperature.

In the mountains of the Middle Urals in the average 800 - 900 mm of rainfall falls per year, on the plain is about 400 mm. The number of sunshine hours are  the 1400-2000 per year.

There are 18 604 rivers with total length of 68 thousand miles in this area, most of which originates on the slopes of the Ural Mountains. The main rivers in the east  are Tavda, Tura, Iset (Ob-Irtysh basin) to the west - Chusovaya and Ufa (the Volga-Kama basin). Many freshwater lakes (over 2500) with a total surface area of ​​1100 kilometer. The largest of them is Pelymsky Tuman, Great Indra, Vagilsky Tuman, and Isetskoe Tavatuy.

There are many man-made reservoirs: 134 reservoirs and 120 ponds. Most of them are incorporated in the XVIII century during the construction of factories, which used the energy of water. Underground mineral water reserves are significant in the area

Industry

Middle Urals is a highly developed industrial area.

There is the development of the mining, metallurgical, chemical, forestry, engineering and instrumentation, energy, building industry.

Agriculture

Sverdlovsk region is specialized in the production of feed grains, potatoes, vegetables, milk and milk products, meat (beef, pork, and poultry) and eggs.

Transportation

 Sverdlovsk Region is a major transportation hub - passes through rail, road and air routes of national importance, including the Trans-Siberian railway. Density of railway and road network exceeds the country average. A major international airport in Yekaterinburg is “Koltsovo”.

Types of tourism undertaken in the region

• Business

• Event

• Cultural and educational

• Active

• Health and Beauty

• The Wellness

• Environmental

• Hunting and Fishing

• Religious

Attractions

 • St. Nicholas Church

• Church of Christ’s Ascension

 • National History Museum

Famous people

 • Boris Yeltsin (1931-2007) – is a Soviet and Russian political state leader, the first President of Russia. He was elected as a President twice -in June the  12th in 1991 and July the 3rd in 1996, a position he held from July the 10th of  1991 to December the 31st  of 1999.

• Dmitry Mamin-Siberian (1852-1912) is  Russian novelist and playwright

• Sergei Chepikov (b. 1967) is Soviet and Russian biathlonist and cross-country skier, Honored Master of Sports (1988), the first in the history of national biathlon World Cup winner, deputy of the Regional Duma of the Sverdlovsk region (since 2008), a member of the party "United Russia", a trainer and consultant team of Russia's biathlon.

 • Grigory Rasputin (1869-1916) -is a peasant village of  Pokrovskoye Tobolsk Province. Gained worldwide fame thanks to its proximity to the family of the last Russian emperor Nicholas II. In recent years, life has become the most notorious figure, the credibility of the royal family, was a symbol of the expansion of the Russian monarchy.

Phones for communication in emergencies

One rescue service - 01, with a cell phone call - 112 or 911.

Ambulance - 03 and (343) 376-1622

Certificate of admission (admission) to the hospitals of the city: (343) 222-3677

Ambulance service: (343) 376-1622, (343) 376-1661

The registration desk accidents: (343) 260-7443

Sources of information about tourism opportunities in the region

Information and tourist center of Yekaterinburg

www.its.ekburg.ru

State Institution of Culture of Sverdlovsk region, "Tourism Development Centre of the Sverdlovsk region»

www.uralinfotour.ru (under construction)

Center began working with the March the 1st  of 2011 year.

Territorial authorities of Russian Ministry of Emergency Situations

General Department of Ministry of Emergency Situations of Russia in Sverdlovsk Region:

Tel.: (343) 217-4465