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Kirov region

Kirov RegionKirov Region

The Subject of the Russian Federation:
Kirov Region

Federal District: The Privolzhsky Federal District

Area: 120 374 km2
Population: 1 391 059 persons.

Emblem of Kirov region
Emblem of Kirov region

Flag of Kirov Region
Flag of Kirov Region



Description

Subject of the Russian Federation:

Kirov Oblast

Federal District: Volga Federal District

Total area: 120,374 km2

Population: 1,391,059.

Description

People come here from every corner of our planet. Some come here to enjoy the atmosphere of the great Russian history, others come to visit holy places, thirds come to feel the drive of hunter's luck. It's impossible to mention everything.

But just imagine yourself on the bank of the mysterious Lake Shaitan. A picturesque forest surrounds the basin of the lake from three of its sides. The view reminds of the chapters of Russian fairy tales. But even fairy tales cannot show drifting islands where bushes and small trees grow. In fairy tales there are no miraculous fountains that arise when water heads raise in the middle of the romantic expanse of the lake. The fountains arise and disappear like the wind.

The welcoming Vyatka land is famous for such incredible places, every traveller will discover miracles here, and many of your dreams made in this holy place will certainly come true.

 Kirov Oblast is a subject of the Russian Federation.

Its capital is the city of Kirov.

It shares its border with 9 regions of the RF: with the Komi Republic and Arkhangelsk Oblast in the north, Vologda, Kostroma and Nizhny Novgorod Oblasts in the west, the Mari El Republic and the Republic of Tatarstan in the south, the Udmurt Republic and Perm Krai in the east.

The resident population is approximately 1.4 mln people.

Administrative division: 39 municipal areas, 18 cities. 12 cities and selos have a historic status.

History

People began to inhabit the Vyatka land in ancient times, evidently, during the Upper Palaeolithic period (50-15 thousand years ago).

In the late XII - early XIII centuries Russians began to people the Vyatka basin, they inhabited the vacant lands among the Udmurt and the Mari. Several Russian settlements were founded here.

Vyatka was first mentioned in the chronicles in 1374 in connection with the campaign of Novgorod pirates to Volgian Bulgaria that at that time was the member of the Golden Horde.

In the end of the XV century the Vyatka land merged in Muscovy. In 1489 Ivan III sent 64-thousand troops to Vyatka. The inhabitants of the region had to recognize the rule of Ivan III. In 1490 Vyatka was "split". Court nobility, merchants were expelled to different places of Muscovy, and the place was inhabited by the people from Ustyug and other cities.

During the Time of Troubles in the beginning of the XVII century the Vyatka land became the battlefield for the advocates of czar Vasily Shuisky and False Dmitri II, "Tushinsky Thief". The XVII century went down in Russian history as the Buntashny (revolt) Century. There were violent disturbances headed by Stepan Razin in 1670-1671 during the Jacquerie. In 1656 the extensive Vyatka and Perm eparchy with its centre in Khlynov was established.

In 1719 the Province of Vyatka was established as part of Siberian Governorate. In 1727 the Province of Vyatka was given to Kazan Governorate. In 1780 Vyatka vicegerency with its centre in Khlynov was established. By order of Catherine II Khlynov was renamed to Vyatka. In 1796 the Vyatka vicegerency was reorganized into a governorate.

The Patriotic War of 1812 had a great influence over the society of Vyatka. There were 913 citizens-in-arms in Vyatka Governorate. During the Crimean War of 1853-1856 the national levy comprised 19,602 people.

In the XIX century Vyatka became a place of political exile. In 1835-1937 A. I. Gertsen lived in Vyatka; he profoundly affected its social and cultural life. M. E. Saltykov-Shchedrin, a famous book publisher F. F. Pavlenkov, a writer B. G. Korolenko, a mathematician V. I. Obreimov, a poet Ya. Rainis, revolutionists V. V. Vorovsky, F. E. Dzerzhinsky and others were sent into exile to Vyatka.

In December 1917 the Soviet regime was established in Vyatka. On 7 December 1934, the Praesidium of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee passed a resolution renaming the city from Vyatka to Kirov. In 1936 Kirov Oblast was established.

During the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945 dozens of manufacturing enterprises, research institutes, and cultural institutions were evacuated to Kirov Oblast. More than 200 citizens of Kirov were awarded the Title of Hero of the Soviet Union, about 30 persons were awarded with three classes of the Order of Glory. Labour progress of the citizens of Kirov was highly appreciated by the country's government.

On 25 December 1959 Kirov Oblast was awarded the Order of Lenin.

Geographical Position, Natural Resources, Climate

Kirov Oblast is located in the north-east of the European part of Russia and occupies a territory of 120.4 thousand sq.km. It stretches for 570 km from north to south and for 440 km from west to east. The distance from Kirov to Moscow is 896 km.

Kirov Oblast, one of the largest in the Nonchernozem belt of the Russian Federation, is located in the north-east of the Russian Plain in the central-east part of European Russia.

The relief of the region is hilly with the inclination from north-east to south-west. The absolute elevation difference constitutes 281 m (from 56 m to 337 m). In the centre of the oblast there are the Vyatskie Uvaly (the Vyatka ridges), in the north-east there is the Verkhnekamsk side-hill, in the north there are the Severnye Uvaly (the Northern ridges).

In the oblast, there are 19,753 rivers of the total mileage of 66.65 thousand km2. The Severnye Uvaly divide the rivers of two basins - the Northern Dvina and the Volga. The greater part of the oblast is occupied by the basin of the Vyatka that falls into the Kama in the territory of Tatarstan. Only the upper course of the Kama is located in the oblast. Among the large rivers that run within the oblast there are also the Moloma, the Pizhma, the Luza, the Kobra, the Cheptsa.

The total amount of lakes in the territory of the oblast is 4.5 thousand. Together with the ponds, the total amount of the land locked bodies of water in the oblast's territory is 5.5 thousand.

The largest lakes are Akshuben, Orlovskoe, Muserskoe. The deepest water reservoir in the oblast is Lezhninskoe Lake. The unique Lake Shaitan is located in Urzhumsky District.

The northern part of the oblast is characterized by heavy swampiness. The largest swamps are Volmenskoe, Salamatyevskoe, Kaisinskoe.

The climate of the oblast is moderately continental. The close proximity to the Arctic Ocean predetermines the possibility of the cold air penetration. Hence the oblast's climate is characterized by severe frosts in winter, freezings and cold snaps in summer. The multiannual average January temperature is 15 °С below zero, the average July temperature is 17-19 °С above zero. The absolute temperature peak is 36-38 °С, the absolute minimum is 45-50 °С below zero. The oblast belongs to the zone of sufficient moistening. The precipitation falls down every second day. The annual average level of precipitation in the oblast is 500-680 mm, 590-680 mm in the north, 500-550 mm in the south.

The main natural resources are forest (mostly conifer forests), phosphate rocks, peat, furs, water and land resources. A very rare mineral wolchonskoit is found in the oblast. Deposits of peat are wide-spread. There are large deposits of non-metallic mineral raw materials: limestone, chalky clays, clays, sands, and gravel. During the last decades insignificant commercial reserves of oil, as well as bentonite deposits, were discovered in the east.

The largest in Europe Vyatsko-Kamsky phosphate rock deposit is located in the oblast.

The oblast is rich in mineral springs and therapeutic muds.

Industry

The leading industries of Kirov Oblast are: machine-building and metalwork, chemical and petrochemical, wood processing and pulp and paper, food industries, and electric power engineering.

Agriculture

The leading commercial branch in agriculture is mostly dairy-and-milk animal breeding. The main arable crops are cereals, potato, bast fiber, and vegetables. Winter ruttishness and forage crops are the prevailing cereals.

Transport

Long distance railways connecting Central Russia with the Urals, Siberia, and the Far East, and the north of Russia with the southern regions of the country run through the oblast.

Pobedilovo Airport is situated 20 km from Kirov.

All the districts are connected with the administrative centre of the oblast by means of a regular bus service, and 14 districts - by means of railway service.

Federal highways "Vyatka" and Saint Petersburg - Yekaterinburg pass through the oblast.

Types of the Oblast's Tourism

  • Health-related tourism
  • Active tourism
  • Cultural-cognitive tourism
  • Hunt and fishing
  • Pilgrimage tourism

Sights

  • Velikoretsky temple ensemble
  • Historical Memorial and Landscape Sanctum Museum named after V. M. and A. M. Vasnetsov
  • Uspensky Tryphon Monastery
  • Archangel Michael wooden church in Slobodskoy
  • Vyatsky palaeontological museum
  • Location of ancient diggings of the vertebrals - pareiasaurs - in the city of Kotelnich
  • State Nature Reserve Nurgush
  • State Nature Reserve Pizhemsky
  • Lake Shaitan
  • Nizhne-Ivkino Resort Zone

Famous People

  • Alexandуr Stepanovich Grin - romantic novelist
  • Viсtor Mikhailovich Vasnetsov - famous artist
  •  Apolinnary Mikhailovich Vasnetsov - famous artist 
  • Arkady Alexandrovich Rylov - famous artist 
  • Vladimir Mikhailovich Bekhterev - famous neuropathist
  • Alexander Nikolaevich Bakulev - famous cardiac surgeon, academician 
  • Boris Petrovich Chirkov - famous actor, People's Artist of the USSR 
  • Ivan Stepanovich Konev - outstanding military commander
  • Leonid Alexandrovich Govorov - outstanding military commander 
  • Victor Petrovich Savinykh - pilot cosmonaut 
  • Albert Anatolievich Likhanov - President of Russian Children's Fund, writer 
  • Sergei Mironovich Kirov - outstanding statesman 
  • Vyacheslav Mikhailovich Molotov - outstanding statesman

Cuisine

The inhabitants of Vyatchina always were gastrophilists and they liked to entertain their guests too. All the tourists who come to this welcoming land have a chance to realize it. One cannot learn the couleur locale of Vyatka without tasting famous pickled cucumbers of Istobinsk, orange milk mushroom in brine, red bilberry and marshberry dishes.

Emergency Phones

  • Search-and-rescue detachment, officer-on-duty (8332) 50-1199
  • Inquiry office of the ambulance service (8332) 27-5974
  • Inquiry office of drug-store (8332) 35-4747
  • Inquiry office for road accidents (8332) 64-7982
  • Watch officer ad rem Civil defence and emergency situations in Kirov Oblast (8332) 36-3338

Acquisition Sources for Regional Tourist Opportunities

A Website of the Administration of Kirov Oblast - www.ako.kirov.ru

Russian EMERCOM Territorial Body The main branch of Ministry of the Russian Federation for Civil Defence, Emergency Situations and the Rectification of the Consequences of Natural Disasters in Kirov Oblast: 610035, Kirov, Maklina St., 65 Tel. (8332) 36-3338 (watch officer)