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Saratov region

Holy Trinity MonasterySaratov Region

The Subject of the Russian Federation:
Saratov Region

Federal District: The Privolzhsky Federal District

Area: 101 240 km2
Population: 2 572 900 persons.

Emblem of Saratov Region
Emblem of Saratov Region

Flag of   Saratov Region
Flag of Saratov Region



Description

Have you ever walked down the Saratov quay? Try that: go slowly, listening to the quiet flow of the Great Russian river and you're sure to hear music streaming out of nowhere. Don't be surprised! You're in the land of music, it will follow you during your whole trip. The natives of this land are incredibly musical. That's why Saratov was the first city after Moscow and St. Petersburg where at the dictation of the emperor himself was opened a conservatory named after L. V. Sobinov.

And think about the famous Saratov harmonica! Everyone who should chance to hear its melodical sounds can't help but return to this hospitable land. It's not for nothing that Saratov inhabitants erected a monument to the famous Saratov harmonica with little bells in the centre of their city.

Here people honour their traditions and their history. Maybe that's why within the limits of the city there appeared the  amazing National village of Saratov oblast. It's a large ethnographical complex where customs and everyday life of this marvellous land's inhabitants are represented. 

If you want to get acquainted with the history of this land, you may go to the the museum of local history, but you just cannot understand the romantic spirit of the oblast without visiting the art museum named after A. N. Radishchev. Canvases become alive at your look and as if pass along messages of outstanding artists.

The spirit of Saratov oblast is preserved by its nature. To feel it you should visit the village called Lokh, which is situated in Novoburassky district. Here you'll here legends about Kudeyar the Outlaw, visit Kudeyar's cave, view the ancient mill, taste delicious village dishes, see beaver dams, elk tracks and a spring with a key to a secret place...

There are many holy places in Saratov land. One of the most revered is the spring called “Vavilov Dol” near Ivanteyevka village that is situated at the banks of the Maly Irgiz and Chernava rivers. Every June a procession goes to Vavilov Dol. Don't forget to visit the Trinity cathedral founded in 1695. That's the oldest stone building in the city.

Before leaving come and admire the only monument to Love in Russia. Here one can truly understand the true colours of this hospitable land. Here one feels love in everything –love for guests, for children, for music, for the city and the land. We are sure that you'll take a particle of that love with you, and its warmth will remind you of unforgettable days spent in  Saratov land.

Saratov region is the subject of the Russian Federation

The administrative Center is  Saratov

Formed on December 5, 1936 by reforming Saratov Krai.

The oblast population is, according to Federal Government Statistical Service, comprises no more than 2.5 million people, 837.8 thousand of whom live in the oblast centre.

The oblast is situated in the south-east of the Russian Federation European part.  

Borders: in the south with  Volgograd oblast,  in the west  with  Voronezh and Tambov oblasts, in the north with  Penza, Samara, Ulyanovsk and Orenburg oblasts, in the east it borders Russia and Kazakhstan.

 Total border length is over 3 500 km.

·         4 urban districts

·         38 municipal districts

·         42 urban settlements

355 rural settlements

History

In 1780 Saratov viceregency was formed, consisting of nine uyezds (counties): Saratov, Khvalynsky, Volsky, Kuznetsky, Serdobsky, Atkarsky, Petrovsky, Balashovsky and Kamyshinsky. In  1797 it became  Saratov guberniya (province),  in 1928 - 1934  it was added to  the Lower Volga Region,  on January 10, 1934 turned into  Saratov krai.

The oblast was founded according to the USSR Constitution (Fundamental Law) , adopted on December 5 , 1936 by transforming krai  into  Saratov oblast, detaching The Volga German Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic .

By  Presidium of the Supreme Soviet degree datedSeptember 7, 1941  15 cantons of the former Volga German Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic were added to Saratov oblast:Baltsersky, Zolotovsky, Kamensky, Ternovsky, Kukkussky, Zelmansky, Krasnoyarsky, Marksshtadtsky, Untervaldensky, Fyodorovsky, Gnadenflyursky, Krasno-Kutsky, Lizandergeysky, Marientalsky and Ekgeymsky).

By the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet decree dated January 6, 1954 from Saratov oblast to the newly established Balashov oblast were included: Balashov and Rtishchevo cities, Arkadaksky, Balashov, Kazachkinsky, Kistendeysky, Krasavsky, Makarov, Novo-Pokrovsky, Rodnichkovsky, Romanovsky, Rtischevsky, Saltykovsky, Samoilovsky and Turkovsky districts. After the abolition of  Balashov oblast by Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR decree dated 19 November 1957, these cities and areas were returned to  Saratov region.

Nowadays Saratov is the centre of the large industrial and agricultural regions that was twice (in 1956 and 1970) honoured with orden of Lenin, the superior USSR award.

At the turn of 1970s Saratov HPP was put into operation. The plant gave the impulse for the development of Balakovo where on the basis of powerful building capacities and cheap electricity the second largest (after Saratov) industrial hub was formed. Because of the surplus of energy machine engineering and especially energy-intensive branches of chemical industry started to develop very fast.  

Not only machine engineering flourished in 1970s; agriculture also had its heyday. During this period hundreds kilometres of irrigation channels as well as other amelioratory infrastructure objects were built. The brisk growth of the oblast continued well into the 1980s.

By the end of the XX century three main industry branches – chemical, electrical and machine engineering –  were formed.

The territories of effective agriculture were established. The said branches are preserved as the main ones until the present day. Agriculture still playes quite an important role.

Geographical location, natural resources, climate:

Saratov oblast is located in the south-east of the European part of Russia, in the northern part of the Lower Volga region. The area stretches for 575 km from the west to the east; and  from the north to the south - for 330 km. The Volga river, flowing through the oblast,  divides it into 2 parts: the Left Bank and the Right Bank.

Ordinary and southern chernozems as well as widespread chestnut soils are of special agricultural value.

There are 358 rivers flowing through Saratov oblast. The total length of small rivers is 12 331 km. The most important of such rivers are the Volga, the Khoper and the Medveditsa.

There are more than 40 proved oil and gas fields in the oblast (the most important are Stepnovskoye and Uritskoye) with the main part of potentially productive regions still unexplored. Many oil shales are already known, including the large Ozinskoye, as well as fields of high-quality concrete stock, phosphate rock, mortar, ballast and glass-making sands, structural clay and stone.

The climate of the oblast is moderately continental: long dry and hot summer, with a considerable amount of days with temperature exceeding 30 C in the Left Bank region. Winters are frosty; the average number of days with precipitation is  12-15 a month; with fogs – about 3-10 a month, with blizzards – about 4-10 a month.

Springs are short. In spring blizzards and skiddings may occur for 5-7 days. The number of foggy days in March is about 5-9. In spring, usually from the last March decade to the third April decate the restriction for heavy-duty truck movement is imposed that coincide with the mean daily temperature crossing the zero mark.  Autumn weather varies a lot. The steady  snow cover forms in northern regions by November 25, in the central and southern parts during the period between November 29 and December 8.

Spring begins in the last March decade. Summer lasts for 4.5 month and is divided into three periods: “predletye” (pre-summer), “razgar” (heat) and “spad” (decline). Autumn starts in the middle of September and lasts till the beginning of November. Winter begins in the first November decade.

Industry

Oblast industry includes more than 2000 large and medium-sized concerns. The main industry branches are: chemical, electrical and machine engineering.

There are two large power plants within the territory of oblast: Balakovskaya NPP and Saratovskaya HPP with total capacities of 4000 MW and 1360 MW respectively.

Agriculture

Saratov region has traditionally been an agricultural region. By volume of agricultural produce region occupies the  10th place among Russian regions.  The typical feature of Saratov oblast is the high proportion of private (peasant) farms in total production and acreage.

Transport

All transportation types are represented in the oblast. The total length of public highways is 10 962; of high-surfaced roads – 10711 (including 741 km of highways of federal significance) (as of 2008).  Railway takes the leading position in transport infrastructure; it accounts for more than 90% of cargo and about 40% of passenger traffic. The length of railways crossing the oblast territory is 2,296 km. The most part of them belongs to the Volga Saratov branch of the railway, and in the minority (in the west region) – to Rtischevsky secession of South-Eastern Railway. One  narrow gauge railroad is survived and operating. It belongs to Krasnoarmeyskiy ceramic factory. There are a cross-Volga railway bridge and  two operating road bridges across the Volga River (between the cities of Saratov and Engels and to the  north from Saratov, near Pristannoye village), as well as an overpass over Saratovskaya HPP  in Balakovo. The length of navigable inland waterways is 709 km. The total volume of freight by all transportation typescomprised for the first  9 months of 2009 88.2 million tons. The  vast majority of the volume accounted for pipeline transport (66.5 million tons), by road and rail transport there were transported 10.6 and 10.2 million tons of cargo respectively.

Types of tourism

·         Cultural and educational

·         Health-improving

·         Active

·         Eco-tourism

·         Hunting and fishing

Places of interest:

Saratov conservatory named after L.V. Sobinov

The Trinity cathedral

The Victory park

City architecture

Saratov State Art Museum named after A.N. Radishev

Kirova avenue
The monument to Love

Naryshkiny estate
The national village
Kudeyar's cave

Famous natives

·         Boldin, Leonid Ivanovich (b.1931) — a singer, a People's Artist of the USSR (1990).

·         Blinov, Pavel Fyodorovich (1920—1998) — a military pilot, a Hero of the Soviet Union.

·         Kassil, Lev Abramovich (1905—1970) — a Children's Soviet writer, corresponding member of the USSR Academy of Education (1965).

·         Kuznetsov, Pavel Varfolomeyevich (1878—1968) — a Russian painter.

·         Lebedev, Evgeny Alekseyevich (1917—1997) —a  film and theater actor, a People's Artist of te USSR (1968).

·         Mylnikov, Andrei Andreyevich (b.1919) — a Soviet, Russian painter, a member of the USSR Academy of Arts (1966), a People's Artist of the USSR (1976) and the RSFSR (1968), Vice-President of the Russian Academy of Arts.

·         Petrov-Vodkin, Kuzma Sergeyevich (1878—1939) — a Russian and Soviet symbolist painter, graphic artist, art theorist, writer and educator. An honored Art Worker of the RSFSR (1930).

·         Popov, Alexey Dmitrievich (1892—1961) — a theater director, a People's Artist of the USSR (1948)

·         Ruslanova Lydia Andreyevna (nee Agatha Andreyevna Leikina, 1900 — 1973) — a Russian and Soviet singer, an Honoured Artist of Russia (1942).

·         Talalikhin, Viktor (1918—1941) — a military pilot, deputy commander of Squadron 177  Fighter Regiment, 6 th Fighter Aviation Corps of the Air Defense Forces, Hero of the Soviet Union. Yablochkov, Pavel Nikolayevich (1847—1894) — a Russian electrical engineer, military engineer, inventor and entrepreneur. Known for the development of an arc lamp ("Yablochkov candle") and other inventions in the field of electrical engineering.

Cuisine

The cuisine is typical for the European part of Russia. One of the famous specialities is Saratov kalach (type of bread).

Emergency phone numbers

01, 112 (mobile) — united rescue service

Sources of information on region tourist facilities

Saratov oblast tourist information centre (under the Ministry of oblast sport development, physical education and tourism)

Phone: (8452) 26-2802

The Russian ministry of Emergency situations territorial bodies

The Russian ministry of Emergency situations, Saratov oblast headquarters:

Saratov, Sobornaya square, 7

Phone: (8452) 43-7501, (8452) 43-7521

mchs@gumchs.saratov.ru