Рус  |   Eng  |   中文
The Far Eastern Federal District
The Privolzhsky Federal District
The North-Western Federal District
The Siberian Federal District
The Ural Federal District
The Central Federal District
The Southern Federal District
 

The Chechen Republic

Tower in the Argun Museum ReserveTower in the Argun Museum ReserveGroznyThe Heart of Chechnya mosque named after Akhmad Kadyrov

The Subject of the Russian Federation:
Chechen Republic

Federal District: The Southern Federal District

Area: 16 000 km2
Population: 1 267 740 persons.

Emblem of the  Republic Chechnya
Emblem of the Republic Chechnya

Flag of  the Republic Chechnya
Flag of the Republic Chechnya



Description

He who visits Chechnya for the first time, gets excited by the beauty of this region and when leaving involuntarily says with admiration: "Truly it is the pearl of the Caucasus". This romantic region has been captivating tourists at all tames by the beauty of its mountains, and hunters by the unique trophies. It is not a coincidence that the Argun State Museum is considered one of the most unique in Russia and the Parabochevsky, Stepnoy Shalinsky and Shatoisky hunting reserves are known among hunting lovers throughout the country.

Be sure to visit Galanchozhskoe and Kazenoi-Am lakes. These charming places became legend, and you will be convinced that such a beautiful place can be hardly found somewhere else in the world.

It is impossible not to praise up the local cuisine. It is one of the oldest in the Caucasus. Its dishes are not only tasty and nutritious, but also are very easily digested by the body. A well-known Chechen proverb about the hospitality of the people and richness of popular national dishes says: "If you cook for three, the forth will also get satisfied". Yet the Chechen cuisine is basically diet, moderate, mild, without the overuse of spices and very vitaminized. Its main components are meat, onion, cheese, pumpkin, cottage cheese and corn. The Chechens love meat broths, mutton, beef and cooked poultry. Meat is served with noodles made from wheat or corn flour and always with the garlic sauce. And the fact, that among the Chechens there is almost no corpulent people and that they are tall and healthy, all that is also explained by the influence of their national cuisine. Thus, feel free to relax and improve your health by means of mountain air and useful food all year round.

The Chechen Republic - the subject of the Russian Federation

Capital - Grozny.

Founded on November 30, 1922.

It borders Ingushetia, North Ossetia Stavropol Krai, Dagestan, and Georgia 

Population is about 1.3 million people.

Administratively Chechnya is divided into 15 municipal districts.

Except Grozny, the other cities of republican subordination are Argun and Gudermes.

History

The Chechens are the indigenous people of the North Caucasus. The Chechens and their ancestors have lived in the North Caucasus, apparently, for thousands of years. Part of their territory were invaded by Iranian-speaking Alans (ancestors of the Ossetia) in lX-Xll centuries, then by the Golden Horde in the XIII- XV centuries, and later by the Russian Empire which struggled for dominance in the North Caucasus in XVI century and managed to force the Ottoman and Persian rivals out of the region.

On November 30, 1922, by decree of the RSFSR Central Executive Committee Chechen Autonomous Oblast was established.

In 1934, the Chechen and Ingush regions were united in a single Chechen and Ingush Autonomous Oblast which on December 5, 1936, was transformed into the Chechen and Ingush Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic.

The Chechen Republic appeared in September-November 1991, as a result of the collapse of the former Soviet Union.

Geographical position, natural resources, climate

The Chechen Republic is located on the northern slope of the Caucasus Mountains and on the adjacent Chechen Plain and Tersk-Kumsk Lowland.

The Terek is the main river.

The entire territory of Chechnya consists of 9 soil and climatic zones. In its turn, these areas can be divided into three main groups: mountain and forest, mountain and meadow, and nival one. Brown forest soil prevails in the mountain and forest zone. The main massifs of arable land are found here.

The climate zone is moderate.

The climate is high mountain.

The average temperature in January is -2.3 ° C. The average temperature in July is +21.5 ° C.

Industry

Major industries are oil production and refining, mechanic engineering, food, forestry, woodworking and light industries.

Agriculture

Agriculture specializes in the production of fruits, grapes and vegetables. Fine-wool sheep breeding and poultry are developed; it used to be cattle breeding.

Transport

In Grozny, the capital of the republic, there is a developed transport network: about 17 local bus routes, more than 30 suburban and intercity routes (Astrakhan, Vladikavkaz, Volgograd, Komsomolsk, Krasnodar, Maikop, Mineral Waters, Makhachkala, Rostov-on-Don, Stavropol, Moscow and Elista).

Trolleybus and tram transport communication is under restoration.

The Grozny Airport is in operation.

Types of tourism

  • Active
  • Recreational
  • Religious
  • Cultural-cognitive
  • Business tourism

Attractions

·         The Argun Historical, Architectural and Natural Museum

·         The Serdtse Chechni (Heart of Chechnya) Mosque

·         Vedensky Hunting Reserve

·         Galanchozhskoe Lake

·         Kazenoi-Am Lake

·         The Ice Age Monument

·         Parabochevsky Hunting Reserve

·         Stepnoy Hunting Reserve

·         Shalinsky Hunting Reserve

·         Shatoisky Hunting Reserve

Famous people:

  • Peter Zakharov-Chechen (1816—1846) — Russian painter-portraitist.
  • Visaitov Mawlid Aleroevich (1913 —1986) — the hero of the Soviet Union, the commander of the 28th Guards Cavalry Regiment (the 6th Guards Cavalry Division, the 2nd Belorussian Front) Guard lieutenant colonel.
  • Abuzar Abdulkhakimovich Aydamirov (1933 — 2005) — Soviet and Chechen writer and poet, intravital сlassic of the Chechen literature.
  • Ibragim Bek Sarakaev (1883—1934) — one of the first Chechen writers and journalists, a historian of the Chechens traditions and folklore.

Emergency Telephones

  • Ambulance (8712) 22-3087, 03 (for mobile phones calling - 033)
  • Firefighting department  (8712) 33-2251, 01 (for mobile phones calling - 011)
  • GORGAZ (gas service) (8712) 22-2056, 04 (for mobile phones calling - 044)
  • GORELECTROSET (urban electric network service) (8712) 22-2843
  • Center for Disaster Medicine (8712) 33-2061
  • Call Center of the Ministry of the Interior of the Chechen Republic (8712) 22-32-33, 02 (for mobile phones calling - 022)
  • Blood Transfusion Station (8712) 33-2438
  • Medicolegal Investigation Bureau (8712) 22-3465

Sources of Tourism Information in the Region

  • Single Information Service (8712) 23-4502
  • Information Service in Achkhoi-Martan (8714) 22-2565
  • Information Service in Nozhai-Yurt (8714) 12-1150
  • Information service in Urus-Martan (8714) 52-4222
  • Information Service in Shali (8714) 62-1231
  • Information Service in Shelkovsky (8713) 62-1231
  • Railway Station Information Service in Grozny (8712) 22-2542

Territorial Authorities of the Ministry of Emergency Situations of Russia

Call Center of the Ministry of the Interior of the Chechen Republic (8712) 33-2285