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Stavropol Territory

Pushkin GalleryElizabeth (Academic) GalleryKislovodsk Resort ParkMineral Waters

The Subject of the Russian Federation:
Stavropol Territory

Federal District: The Southern Federal District

Area: 66 160 km2
Population: 2 711,7 persons.

Emblem of Stavropol Territory
Emblem of Stavropol Territory

Flag of Stavropol Territory
Flag of Stavropol Territory



Description

Stavropol Krai - the subject of the Russian Federation

Regional center is Stavropol.

Stavropol Krai was founded on February 13, 1924.

It borders Rostov Oblast, Krasnodar Krai, Kalmykia, Dagestan, Chechnya, Kabardino-Balkaria, North Ossetia-Alania, the Karachay-Cherkessia Republic.

Population is 2 711.7 thousand people.

The Krai includes 26 districts, 10 cities of regional subordination, 10 towns of district subordination, 18 workers and resort settlements.

History

In 1777, by decree of Catherine II dd. April 24, the Azov-Mozdok defensive line was founded that gave rise to the population in the Pre-Caucasian region and the North Caucasus. Since then, the land of Stavropol has been included into Astrakhan Oblast.

In 1802, by decree of Emperor Alexander I dd. November 15, the Caucasus province was created with its center in Georgievsk, which occupied the territory from the Caspian Sea to the Ust-Elbe, and from Manych to the foothills. Modern Stavropol land used to be the core of that province.

In 1847, by decree dd. May 5, the Caucasian Oblast was transformed into Stavropol Province without relocating the borders.

With minor changes Stavropol Province lasted until 1924. In October 1924, North-Caucasian Krai was established and Stavropol Province was transformed into the district included into the mentioned Krai.

In March 1936, by decree of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee of RSFSR North-Caucasian Krai was reorganized and separated from its Ordzhonikidze Krai which had the center in Stavropol. In 1941, Ordzhonikidze Krai was renamed as Stavropol Krai.

 Geographical location, natural resources, climate

The region is located in the central part of the Pre-Caucasian territory and on the North Slope of the Greater Caucasus.

The relief of the territory varies from plains in the north and north-east to the foothills and mountainous in the south and southwest. Most of the region is occupied by the Stavropol Upland (up to 832 m above sea level) which borders a part of the Kuma-Manychskaya depression, the Pre-Caspian and Terek-Kuma Lowlands. The slopes of the Greater Caucasus occupy the southwest of the region.

The climate is moderate continental. The average January temperature is –5 ° C (in the mountains down to –10 ° C) in July from +22 to +25 ° C (in the mountains up to +14 ° C). Annual precipitation: 300-500 mm on the plains per year, in the foothills - more than 600 mm. Vegetation period is 180-185 days. Rivers of the Krai belong to the basins of the Azov and Caspian Seas. The largest ones are Kuban Yegorlyk, Kuma and Kalaus.

Most of Stavropol Krai occupies steppe and semi-natural areas. Deciduous and coniferous forests cover only 4% of the territory and grow mainly in the mountains. Steppes in their natural state are covered by a herb-feather-grass vegetation (Northwest of the region), or sagebrush-fescue-feather grass (north-east and east). In the extreme east, near the Caspian lowlands, steppes become deserts with grass-sagebrush and wormwood. Most of the steppe is cultivated and is used in agriculture.

Mineral resources of the region are quite diverse.

Water sources situated in the region of Caucasian Mineral Waters are widely known for their medicinal properties (especially Narzan and Essentuki).

The region is exceptionally rich in healing mineral waters. Of their total reserves 12,450 cu. m/day usable for industrial development, currently only 11% are used and only half of it is used within the region of Caucasian Mineral Waters.

Recreational resources of  Stavropol have all-Russian importance. Previously, they used to be an important source of revenue for the regional budget. Major health resort and tourist complex was formed in the region of Caucasian Mineral Waters where the most favorable climatic and balneological conditions are found. The famous resort towns are Pyatigorsk, Kislovodsk, Zheleznovodsk and Yessentuki.

Industry

The main industries – manufacturing engineering, electrical energy industry, oil and gas mining  and refining, food, and chemical industry, building materials production, light, furniture and microbiological industry.

Agriculture

Agriculture is one of the most important fields of the regional economy.

It specializes in growing corn and sunflowers; a leading role in cattle breeding belongs to livestock breeding, fine-wool sheep breeding. Horticulture, viticulture, poultry farming, pig farming, beekeeping are well developed.

Cuisine

Culinary traditions of Stavropol Krai consist of the best recipes of the Russian, Ukrainian and Caucasian cuisine. Stavropol Krai is also famous for high quality wine production.

The most known are the wines and cognacs of JSC Praskoveyskoe. Muscat "Praskoveysky" was awarded eleven gold and two silver medals, two Grand Prix and Super Grand Prix.

Types of tourism

  • Active
  • Recreational
  • Religious
  • Cultural-cognitive 

Attractions

·        Caucasian Mineral Waters

·        Tatar settlement

·        Stavropol State Historical and Cultural and Natural Landscape Museum-Reserve of named for G. N. Prozriteleva and G. K. Prave

·        Krepost Kislovodsk Historical Museum

·        Dacha Chaliapin Literature and Music Museum  

·        Pushkin Gallery

·        Palace of Emir Bukharsky

·        Ostrovsky Baths

·        Main Narzan Baths

  • Kislovodsk Fortress

 Famous natives

  • Solovyov, Ivan Ivanovich (1910—1982) — Soviet film and theater actor, director, People's Artist of USSR (1980).
  • Kalinowski Gennady Vladimirovich - Soviet and Russian artist, master of book illustration
  • Abramov Yakov Vasilievich (pen name Fedoseevets) - journalist, writer, journalist and researcher of folk life

Emergency Telephones

·        Ministry of Emergency Situations – 112

·        Fire emergency - 01

·        Police – 02

·        Ambulance – 03

Sources of Tourism Information in the Region

Information on tourism opportunities of the region can be obtained in the Ministry of Economic Development of Stavropol Krai, located at:

Stavropol, Lenina Sq, 1.
Tel.: (8652) 26-8613, (8652) 35-4571

Official website of the Ministry:

www.stavinvest.ru

www.stavtourism.ru

Territorial Authorities of the Ministry of Emergency Situations of Russia

The Ministry of the Russian Federation for Civil Defense, Emergencies and Natural Disasters Control is located at:

Stavropol, 8 Marta Str., 164
Tel.: (8652) 24-0582, (8652) 24-5226