Repablic of North Ossetia-Alania
The Subject of the Russian Federation:
Republic of North Ossetia — Alania
Federal District: The Southern Federal District
Area: 7 987 km2
Population: 701 807 persons.
Emblem of the Republic North Ossetia - Alania
Flag of the Republic North Ossetia - Alania
The Republic of North Ossetia-Alania - a subject of the Russian Federation.
The capital – the city of Vladikavkaz.
Founded onJuly 7, 1924.
Borders: in the west – the Kabardino-Balkar Republic, in the north – the Stavropol Territory, in the east – Ingushetia and Chechnya, in the south – Georgia and partly recognized South Ossetia
Population - 701,807 people (2009), population density - 87.7 persons per km ² (2009), urban population – 64.3% (2009).
There are in the republic 114 municipal units, including 8 municipal areas, 1 urban district, 5 towns, 100 rural settlements.
The territory of the republic was inhabited in ancient times. At the turn of the II-I millennia B.C. the "Koban culture" was formed. In the early 1st. millenium tribes of the Scythians, Sarmatians, Alans lived there . In the IX-X centuries early feudal state was formed – Alania; it maintained political and trade relations with Georgia, Kievan Rus and Byzantium. The territory of Alania was crossed by the Silk Road that had been existed from the 2nd century B.C. up to 14th century A.D. In the 8-12 centuries Alan-Oss (Ossetian) nation began its forming.
In the 13-14 centuries Alania was harassed by the Mongols and Tartars. In 1774, in accordance with the Kyuchuk-Kainardji peace treaty it was ceded to Russia. In January, 1921 Vladikavkaz (Ossetian) district was formed as a part of the Mountain ASSR (Gorskaya ASSR); in 1924 it became an autonomous region of the RSFSR, and then, from December, 1936, merged into the North Ossetian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic. Since 1994 - the status of a presidential-parliamentary republic.
TheCity of the Dead in the Dargavs village is a monument of the Middle Ages.
During epidemics of plague people who caught this terrible disease, burned themselves voluntarily into these unassailable buildings, dooming themselves to die by inches.
Geographical location, natural resources, climate
The Republic of North Ossetia-Alania is a part of the Southern Federal District of the Russian Federation.
The Republic of North Ossetia-Alania is located in the North Caucasus and occupies a part of the Central Fore-Caucasus and the northern slopes of the Main Caucasian Ridge.
The south of the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania is occupied by the Main (Vodorazdelny) and Bokovoy (Side) ridges reaching more than 4,000 m (Mount Dzhimara with an altitude of 4,780 meters). The central part of the republic is Ossetian sloping plain, to the north of it low-mountain ranges – the Sunzha and Terek ridges, are located, and behind them – the Mozdok plain. From the south to the north, with a considerable slope, highlands cross picturesque, previously densely populated, passes: the Daryal, Dargavskoe, Koban, Kurtatinskoye, Alagirskoye, Kasarskoe, Tseysloye, Digorskoye and others. Through them and their lateral branches beds of many mountain rivers go, that are of ice-snow origin; by joining together at output of mountains they form a full-flowing rivers: Terek (length is about 600 km), Urukh (104 km), Ardon (101 km), Kambileevka (99 km), Gizeldon (81 km) and others. All the rivers of North Ossetia belong to the Terek basin. According to its geographical location the republic lies in a zone of subtropical climate, but it is separated from the southern regions by large mountain ranges, and is much open to the north. The climate of the republic is characterized by comfortable summer and winter periods (summer is 130-140 days, winter is 100-120 days), that encourages extensive development of resort and tourist facilities.
In the territory of the republic there is a mass of industrial plants for multi-metal mining, manufacture of lead, zinc, tungsten and metal molybdenum , copper mill products, tungsten carbide, as well as for repair of railway vehicles, building materials, glass products, car-and-tractor electrical equipment, electric contactors, furniture, products made of corrugated packaging, –tier-net and footwear, etc.
The leading place in the structure of industrial production belongs to non-ferrous metallurgy, machine industry and metalworking.
Agriculture of the republic is diversified and livestock-dominated.
Given the increased market demand for food grains, cereals, vegetable oil, vegetables and potatoes the structure ofplanted acreage was revised.Sectorial programs on developmingpoultry breeding, swine rearing, sheep and fish farming were developed and adopted.
In recent years certain steps were taken in the sphere of agriproduct processing. Hi-tech equipped enterprises of complex agriproduct processing were put into operation.
Through the territory of North Ossetia two highway routes run across the Main Caucasian Ridge, connecting Russia to the states of the Caucasus Region and Middle East – the Georgian Military Road and the Transcaucasian Highway.
One of the most important condition for creation of transport capacity for future development of the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania is overall development of infrastructure of international transport corridors in order to convert the republic’s transport system into a competitive and high-performance sector of the economy, as well as to increase road capacity by 12-15% due to the construction and reconstruction of federal and regional roads.
The reconstruction of paved runway surface in the airport of Beslan.
City tram and trolley bus of Vladikavkaz are remarkable.
• the Tseyskoye pass (the Tseyskoye Ushchel'ye)
• the Tseyski nature reserve
• the North-Ossetian National Nature Reserve• the Terek
• the Georgian Military Road
• the Alania National Park
• the Sunni mosque of Vladikavkaz
• Valery Gergiev (born in 1953) - People's Artist of Russia, the chief conductor of the London Symphony Orchestra.
• Valery Gazzayev (born in 1954) - football coach, International Master of Sports, Honored Coach of Russia.
• Hadzhismel Varzim (born in 1938) - first degreed choreographer of Ossetia, Honored Men of Art of Russia, People's Artist SOASSR.
• Alan Dzagoev (born in.1990) - Russian football player, young player of CSKA and Russian national team.
• Svetlana Adyrkhaeva (born in 1938) - ballet dancer, People's Artist of USSR (1984)
• Irbek Kantemirov (1928-2000) - circus performer, People's Artist of USSR (1989)
• Nikolai Salamov (1922-2003) - actor, stage and film director, People's Artist of USSR (1984)
• Vladimir Tkhapsaev (1910-1981) - film and theater actor, People's Artist of USSR (1960)