The Subject of the Russian Federation:
Federal District: The Privolzhsky Federal District
Area: 53 565 km2
Population: 3 170 141 persons.
Emblem of Samara region
Flag of Samara Region
Samara oblast is a special tourist region. Here you'll find everything needed to surprise, amaze and delight you. Make sure that you'll get on the famous “Zhiguli circumnavigation” route. Just imagine: having gone downstream for 200 kilometers, the travellers return to the same place from where they started. Isn't that a miracle? But wait, there's much more to come.
The suitable natural environment of the region encourages active tourism types. Equestrian tourism, trekking, hiking, pilgrimage, mountaineering, hand- and paragliding, wakeboard, kite suring, diving, downhill skiing, snowboarding and skidooing.
The nature in this land is absolutely magnetic. It was admired by A. Pushkin, A. Tolstoy, M. Gorky, I. Repin, L. Tolstoy, D. Shostakovich and many others.
There are about 40 operating museum in Samara oblast, including the local history museum with unique archeology and numismatics collections; the art museum with icons and Russian avant-garde paintings collections, memorial museums of Aleksey Tolstoy, Ilya Repin, “Stalin's bunker” museum – the world's largest bunker open to the public, the museum and park complex “Technical museum” in Tolyatti.
Samara oblast has a unique potential for eco-tourism development, for on its territory there's the Samara Bend – the one and only natural site, a peninsula of more than 1500 square metres that is confined by the Volga turning and its tributaries. This stand alone ecosystem is characterised by special landforms, original microclimate, some most interesting geological formations and plenty of nature and historical monuments. Yet another peculiarity of the Samara Bend is that one can meet there plants preserved from the ice age. Some of them can't be met anywhere else!
We highly recommend you to take a walk along Samara embankment. Spend time in cosy cafes, enjoying the majestic Volga stream.
Another great opportunity to feast eyes on the city is to have a tour on a water bus.
For those who like romantic adventures we advise to visit the “Kamennaya chasha” (a stone bowl) area. This picturesque corner of primeval nature is famous for its miraculous spring. It's not for nothing that this place got this poetic name. According to a legend, here flow the Zhiguli mountains mistress's tears, who weeps for her loneliness. The other legend tells us that St Nicholas the Wonderworker saved a woman from Shiryaev Buyerak village from outlaws there. A chapel of St Nicholas and a bath house were built near the spring. Lots of people long to come here to have a drink of life-giving well water or to bathe in the spring, to replenish their strength and to recharge.
And of course you cannot fail to go to Sarbay – a Russian wildlife sanctuary; the land that is praised in many legends. The word “Sarbay” is of Turkic origin; “sara” means “rich, golden, abundant in money”, “bay” – “a master, a leader”. It's in this hospitable land that Sarbay centre of folk crafts was opened in 2003. It's very popular with both province inhabitants and tourists.
There are plenty of remarkable places in Russia, but such a museum under the open sky stands alone; it's the only one in the country and maybe in the whole world. The “Drevniy mir” (the old world) historical simulation centre gives you the opportunity to be as if carried away into jundreds of thousands years ago and see the life of primeval people with your own eyes. The guide dressed as a shaman will tell you about the prehistoric people's customs and explain the purpose of unusial household items in their houses. In the exequial pavilion you'll hear an absorbing story of life, death and burial traditions of natives. In the pottery you'll be able to mold a pot or a toy with your own hands; in the bronze fouldry you'll see with your own eyes the process of creating an arrowhead according to ancient technologies. You'll be able to feel as a real stone age man on the stone and bone processing ground. Here you'll be told and shown how to make a bone fish spear or a stone axe; you'll have a chance to create those objects yourself.
And if you enjoy singing to a guitar, then Grushinsky festival is awaiting you. Maybe you'll write your first song here that will express the harmony, joy and romance of this wonderful land – the song that will be with you forever.
Samara oblast isa subject of the Russian Federation.
The administrative center — Samara.
Population is about 3.2 million people
The oblast is bordered by the Saratov, Ulyanovsk and Orenburg oblasts, oblast of Kazakhstan, a part of Bolshechernigovsky region it has the status of the boundary territory.
Areas that comprise the oblast: The oblast consists of 10 urban districts and 27 municipalities.
In 1586 at the confluence of the Samara and the Volga rivers there was built a fortress called Samara.XVI—XVII centuries were for the Samara land the time of colonization of new lands, creating good neighbourhood relations with the Nogai and the Bashkirs in Transvolga steppes, brining Cossack outlaws to submission, building fortresses and the Transkama defence line.
After 1630 there appear the first references to Samara uyezd; in 1688 Samara got the status of a city.
Establishing Samara guberniya in 1851 that included seven uyezds contributed to quick development of ecomony, education, health care and culture. As a result of creating Volga steamship line and building railroads Samara became a large trade centre and a transfer point for freights in transit.
At the turn of the XX century Samara guberniya was the largest in the middle Volga lands, one of the most developed trade and production centres and had a great granary potential.
In 1928 Samara became the centre of the Middle Volga oblast, which in 1929 was renamed into Middle Volga krai, in 1935 – into Kuibyshev krai, in 1936 – into Kuibyshev oblast.
In 1935 Samara was renamed Kuibyshev in the honour of V.V. Kuibyshev. The oblast got its present borders in December 1936.
In 1990 the city and the oblast got their original names of Samara and Samara oblast.
During the Second World War a number of machine-building and aviation plants was evacuated to Samara from the west; as a result, the city became one of the country's largest industrial centres. What's more, in 1941 the major governmental institutions and the diplomatic corpse were moved here, and the city was justly called the rearward area capital.
Geographical location, natural resources, climate
Samara oblast — the fifth largest of the Volga region - occupies the area of 53.6 thousand km², representing 0.31% of the Russia's territory. The oblastegion stretches from the north to the south for 335 km and from the west to the east for 315 km.
The Volga river that flows through the oblast from the north to the south divides it into two unequal parts. The bigger part – the Transvolga region – is situated at the left bank, the smaller – at the right one (the Volga region that includes the Volga upland and the Samara Bend). Here the land is crossed by ravines; in the northern part of the Samara Bend the Zhiguli mountains are situated (the highest point is 370.6 metres above sea level). Opposite the Zhiguli mountains there is the Higher Transvolga region with Sokolyi and Sokskiye mountains and Kinelskiye ravines. At the south-west of the left bank one can see the Lower Transvolga region. The south of the oblast is a plain.
The oblast is inhabited by 11 species of amphibians, 11 reptiles, 285 species of birds, 78 species of mammals and about 8 thousand invertebrate species.
Some specially protected areas (Pas) were created within the oblast territory: the National Park “Samara Bend”, The Zhiguli State Natural Reserve named after I. I. Sprygin, the particularly valuable forest area “Buzuluksky Bor” the state landscape reserve “Vasilevsky Islands”, 16 complex reserves, 283 natural monuments.
The climate can be described as the continental climate of temperate latitudes. The average annual temperature is +3.8 Celsius, the average monthly air temperature varies from +20.1 Celsius in June to – 13.9 Celsius in January.
More than 200 small and middle-sized rivers that belong to the Volga catchment area.
Within the oblast territory there exist the Kuibyshevskoye and the Saratovskoye artificial lakes on the Volga. The Kuibyshevskoye lake is the largest in Europe. 97% of the Volga stream flow go through the Kuibyshevskoye hydraulic system cross section.
The industry of the Samara oblast is characterized by the presence of large clusters: automotive and air- and spacecraft as well as large defence-industrial complex plants, electrotechnical and bearing industry sectors, nonferrous metallurgy, mechanical engineering for the oil and gas industry.
Argicultural sector specializes in growing wheat, barley, millet, sunflower, vegetables and potato. Cattle breeding is mostly dual-purpose.
Federal highway E30 – M5 “Moscow – Samara – Chelyabinsk”; highway E121 – M32 and motorway “Samara – Orenburg” go through the Samara oblast territory.
Railway roads belonging to JSC “Russian Railways” that are the part of Kuibyshev railway system are situated in Samara oblast.
The main waterways of the oblast are the Volga, the Sok and the Samara rivers. Syzran, Samara and Tolyatti are port cities.
Types of tourism
· Cultural and educational
Places of interest
· Stalin's bunker
· “Cosmic Samara” museum
· JSC “Avtovaz” technical museum
· The house-museum of i.e. Repin in Shiryaevo village
· Samara embankment and the Volga excursions
· The national park “Samara Bend”
· The natural site “Kamennaya chasha”
· The All-Russian festival of guitar poetry named after Valery Grushin
· Sarbay centre of folk crafts
· The historical simulation centre “Drevniy mir”
· Grigory Zhuravlyov – a painter and icon-painter
· Valentin Purygin – a Russian Federation honoured artist
· Nikolay Romadin — a Russian Soviet painter
· Arkady Ostrovsky – a Soviet composer
· Gleb Maksimilianovich Krzhizhanovsky – a revolutionary, a scientist and a power engineer
· Aleksey Petrovich Galaktionov – a revolutionary
· Eldar Ryazanov – a famous film director, playwright and a writer
· Lev Polugayevsky – a Soviet chess player
Emergency phone numbers
United emergency phone number — 112
United rescue service phone number — 01
Registration of accidents
Samara, Novo-Sadovaya Str., 30
Phone: (846) 334-1740
Samara oblast search and rescue service of the Russian Ministry of Emergency situations
Samara, Kuibysheva Str., 129
Phone: (846) 333- 5012, (846) 333- 5514
Chemical-radiometric laboratory of the Russian Ministry of Emergency situations
Phone: (846) 333-4479
The central Volga life station
Samara, Volzhsky avenue, 2a
Phone: (846) 333-4834
Samara regional emergency medicine centre
Samara, Polevaya Str., 80
Phone: (846) 337-0878, (846) 337-1402
Samara administration operational service
Samara, Kuibysheva Str., д. 137
Phone: (846) 332-0434
Sources of information on region tourist facilities
The Samara oblast state-financed organization “Tourist information centre”
Samara, Chapayevskaya Str., 201 (the Samara hotel), story 3, office 405
Phone: (846) 341-6866
The Russian ministry of Emergency situations territorial bodies
The Russian ministry of Emergency Samara head office:
Phone: (846) 337-4712