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Yakutsk

Restored building of the Russian-Asian bankYakutskYakutsk  State Agricultural AcademyYakutsk

The Subject of the Russian Federation:
Republic of Sakha (Yakutia)

Federal District: The Far Eastern Federal District

Area: 122 km2
Population: 268 000 persons.


Description

Yakutsk — the Russian city, the capital of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), a port on the Lena River. Yakutsk is the largest city, cultural and scientific center in the north-east of Russia.

Founded in 1632. Population: 268,000 (Census 2010)

Area of the city: 122 km2.

History

On September 25th, 1632, a troop headed by Pyotr Beketov while examining the banks of the Lena river founded Yakutsky (Lensky) stockaded ostrog (fort) on the right bank of the river 70 km down the river from where current Yakutsk is located. It was the land of Borogon Yakuts. In 1638 the ostrog (fort) became a center of newly formed Yakut voevode. In 1642-1643s the town was transferred to its current place - valley Tuymaada.

In 1643 the town was renamed into Yakutsk. The city was a military-administrative and trade center of the whole Lensky krai, from 1708 was a part of Siberian gubernia, at the end of 1851 - Irkutsky gubernia. In 1822 Yakutsk became the center of the region. In 1851 the region of Yakutia received the status of independent oblast with the rights of gubernia with Yakutsk as the capital city.

Especially active development of Yakutsk was connected with the governor I.I.Kraft (1907-1913). A power station was built in the city as well as a telephone station, a museum, a department of Emperor Geographic Society was founded.

In 1922-1991 Yakutsk city was the administrative center of Yakutian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic. Since 1991 the city has the status of the capital of Sakha Republic.

Geographical position

The city is located in a valley Tuymaada on the left bank of the Lena River. In the city there is the famous mountain Chochur myran. Yakutsk is the largest city, located in the permafrost zone.

Industry

Being the administrative and cultural center of the region Yakutsk has no developed industries. Main industries are the ones supporting city’s life. More than half (53,5%) is the output of fuel and power industry, 17,7% - food industry, 11,1% - diamond faceting, 4,3% - construction product, 3,2% - metal-working.

Transportation

River passenger water transport connects the city with settlements in the basin of the Lena River in Yakutia: Olekminsk, Sangare, Zhigansky.

It’s complicated to reach Yakutsk by automobile: the federal highway M56 “Lena” ends in the settlement Nizhny Bestyah, located on the right bank of the Lena, opposite Yakutsk. Connection with Yakutsk is as follows: in summer - by ferry, in winter (December-April) - across ice-covered river, when ice is drifting - only by air.

The federal highway "Kolyma" (Yakutsk – Magadan) is acting partly. We are actively building the Amur-Yakutsk Mainline Railway (AYaMR).

There are 2 airports in the city: “Yakutsk” (the main one; for inner republican, state and international flights) and “Magan” (the extra one; is located in the settlement with the same name).

Sights

• Shergin Mine — a research well of the XIX century over 100 m. deep

• "Old Town" — a historical and architectural complex, a quarter in the center of the territory of which focused buildings, recreating the appearance of old Yakutsk.

• Gradoyakutskaya Transfiguration Church

• A fortress tower, founded by Pyoter — a symbol of Yakutsk, depicted in Yakutsk coat of arms “Yaroslavsky United museum of history and culture of northern peoples” named after Yaroslavsky.

• National Art Museum of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia)

Famous people of the city

• Vitaly Neff (1984 -2008) – a Hero of the Russian Federation

• Sergey Shishkin(1973) – a Russian football player who played for “Krylia Sovetov”, “Uralan”, “Fakel”.