Рус  |   Eng  |   中文
The Far Eastern Federal District
The Privolzhsky Federal District
The North-Western Federal District
The Siberian Federal District
The Ural Federal District
The Central Federal District
The Southern Federal District
 

Cherkessk

Walk of Fame, obelisks to  the heroes of the Soviet UnionPalace of Culture Drama TheatreMemorial

The Subject of the Russian Federation:
Karachayevo-Circassian Republic

Federal District: The Southern Federal District

Area: 69,8 km2
Population: 116 500 persons.


Description

Cherkessk — a city in Russia, the capital of the Karachay-Cherkess Republic, a centre of development of a unique multi-ethnic culture (about 80 nations live within the city).

The city had different names at various times: Village Batalpashinsk, Batalpashinsk, Sulimov, Yezhov and Cherkessk.

Founded in 1804.

Population is 116.5 thousand people (2010).

Total urban area: 69.8 km2.

History

The city was founded in 1804 by Cossacks of the Third Khopersky Regiment, as the Russian military fortification on the Kuban frontier line, where in 1790 Russian troops under General Herman pitched 40000th Turkish army Batal-Pasha.

In autumn 1825, near the fort, the Cossacks in Stavropol province founded a Cossack village Batalpashinsk — a rare case, when the town was named in honor of not winning, but the vanquished.

In 1880, the Village Batalpashinsk became the administrative center of the county (in 1886 — of the department) of Kuban Oblast.

The fall of 1918 the Village Batalpashinsk was occupied by General Shkuro. At having occupied the village, he announced the mobilization into Denikin’s army. On January 5, 1919, Shkuro’s army seized Kislovodsk, which was occupied by the Red Army. At having found specialists and equipment in Kislovodsk, Shkuro launched a production of missiles, ammunition, cloth, leather boots, coats and cloaks for the White Army in Batalpashinsk. In the power of Denikin Karachay Cherkessia were until the spring of 1920.

In 1922 the village became the center of Karachay-Cherkessia Autonomous Oblast, in 1926 — the center of the Cherkessia National District, from 1928 to 1943 — Cherkessia Autonomous Oblast.

In 1931, the populated area was given a city status and the name Batalpashinsk.

In 1934, Batalpashinsk was renamed in Sulimov after D. E. Sulimov, Chairman of People's Commissars of the RSFSR.  

In 1937, Sulimov was arrested and executed, and than the city was renamed as Yezhovo-Cherkessk, in honor of N.I. Yezhov, People's Commissar of Internal Affairs. In 1939, after the arrest and execution of the last one, the city remained only its second part of the name — Cherkessk.

In 1957, Cherkessk  became the Center of Karachay-Cherkessia Autonomous Oblast, since 1991 - the capital of Karachay-Cherkessia.

During the Great Patriotic War, thousands of citizens - representatives of all nations of the republic went to war and formed Cherkessia and district partisan parties. The streets were named in honor of the war heroes, such as I. V. Lobodin,  H. Bogatyrev, I. Laar, O. Kasayev and D. Starikov. As a tribute to the memory of the defenders and liberators of the motherland the Fire of Eternal Glory memorial was erected in the Victory Park.

Geographical location

 The city is situated in the Ciscaucasia, on the right bank of the Kuban River.

Industry

 Сhemical, machine building and construction industry prevail in the economy of Cherkessk.

Attractions

• Batalpashinsk lakes

• the ruins of the Russian fortifications of the Caucasian War period (1832)

• Karachay-Cherkessia Historical, Cultural and Natural museum

Outstanding people

• Vladimir Semyonov (b. 1940) - Army General, Chief of the Army (1992-1997), President of Karachay-Cherkessia Republic (1999-2003)

• Michael Eskindarov (b. 1951) - Rector of the University of Finance Government of the Russian Federation, Doctor of Economics (2000), Professor (1998)