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Ufa

Seating yardSu-27 front of plant UMPOMosque Congress Hall

The Subject of the Russian Federation:
Republic of Bashkortostan

Federal District: The Privolzhsky Federal District

Area: 707,93 km2
Population: 1 038 995 persons.


Description

Ufa — is a city in the Russian Federation, capital of the Republic of Bashkortostan. Ufa city is a large industrial, transport, cultural and religious center of Russia. Ufa — is the third-longest city in Russia, after Sochi and Volgograd.

Founded in 1574. Ufa has got a status of city since1586.

Population: 1,038,995 (Census 2010).

The area of the city: 707,93 km2

History

Until the middle of XVI century in the place so-called Old Ufa an ancient fortified settlement Turatau existed (known in Russian sources as the Devil's site).

In 1574 here at the confluence of the Belaya and Ufa, Russian fortress Ufa was founded , which already in 1586 got the status of the city.

In the XVII century Ufa is developing as a commercial center on the routes from Central Russia to Siberia.

In the years 1728—1744 Ufa is the center of the province, the governor who reports directly to the Senate, and then entered the city in the Orenburg guberniya. In the years 1773-1774 Ufa stands a four month long siege of pugachevtsy under the command of Chiki (I.I. Zarubin). In 1788 in Ufa Spirit stewardship of Russian Moslem (except Tavricheskaya guberniya) headed by mufti.

Since 1865 Ufa is the center of Ufa guberniya. By the end of the XIX century city became a major transportation hub, it was established a permanent shipping traffic on the rivers of Ufa and White, in 1890, the city passed through the Samara-Zlatoust railway. At the same time in Ufa industry developed, primarily it was engineering, metal manufacturing and agriproduct processing.

During the Great Patriotic War some enterprises in Central Russia were evacuated to Ufa. Currently, Ufa is the largest center of oil in the Volga-Urals, as well as a major transport hub, scientific, cultural and religious center of Russia.

Geographical position

Ufa – is the third-longest city in Russia, after Sochi and Volgograd. The city stretches from north to south — 53 km; from west to east — 28 km. The city is situated on the bank of the Belaya River at the confluence of the rivers Ufa and Dema on Pribelskyridgy steeply-sloping and undulating plain, 100 km west of the ranges of Bashkortostan (South) of the Urals. Lies mainly in the two rivers Belaya and Ufa in Ufa Peninsula. Located in 1 519 kilometers east of Moscow.

Industry

The main industries of Ufa are oil refining, chemical, engineering.

Transportation

Ufa – is a large trans-regional transport hub of Russia.

The navigable river Belaya with its tributary Ufa cross the Trans-Siberian railway there. Automobile highways connect the city with Moscow, Chelyabinsk, Kazan, Samara, Ulyanovsk and Orenburg.

Ufa is also the only city linked with Moscow by 2 federal highways. The southern outskirts of the city is crossed by highway M5 “Ural”; and the federal highway M7 “Volga” terminates there. Connection with other districts of the Republic of Bashkortostan and nearby neighbours is presented by bus traffic.

Ufa is the center of Bashkir station of Kuibyshevskoy Railway – a branch of OAO “Russian Railway”. The firm passage-train “Bashkortostan” makes trip between Moscow and Ufa.

From the international airport “Ufa” there are regular flights to 27 cities of Russia as well as flights to the cities Hurghada (Egypt), Sharm el-Sheikh (Egypt), Antalya (Turkey), Istanbul (Turkey), Barcelona (Spain), Tashkent (Uzbekistan), and Frankfurt (Germany).

The boat tour offers the possibility to see the best cityscapes in as short time as possible. River transports (inland river transport) of the Republic of Bashkortostan carry out transportation of people and cargo (by natural waterway (rivers, lakes) and by man-made waterway (channels, reservoirs)).

Sights

Architecture of Ufa characterized by a combination of different styles and traditions, preserved a considerable number of interesting monuments.

Major sights:

• Episcopal's house on a cliff Belaya River

• Bashkirian State Art Museum named after M.V. Nesterov

• National Museum of the Republic of Bashkortostan

• Church of the Nativity of the Most Holy Mother of God

• Hillfort Hanging Stone

Famous natives

• Valerian Albanov (1881 -1919) - navigator

• Sergey Aksakov (1791 -1859) – well-known writer, memorialist, theatrical and literary critic, journalist

• Anver Bikchentaev (1913- 1989) – Bashkir writer, author of children’s books

• Nikolay Gurvich (1828-1914) – doctor, economist, historian, ethnographist, geographer, oner of Bashkir statistician

• Sergay Dovlatov (1941-1990) – writer, prose writer. He was born in Ufa

• Alexander Dostavalov (1964 - 2000) – raider, major of guard, Hero of the Russian Federation

• Zagir Ismagilov (1917-2003) – outstanding Bashkir composer

• Nikolay Kisilev (1913 - 1974) – partisan of “Mstitel”, righteous man of nation

• Mikhail Nesterov (1862 - 1942) – well-known painter, associate of Itinerant

• Rudolf Nuriev (1938 - 1993) – world-known dancer, choreograph, ballet director

• Pyotr Tolstoy (1890 - 1918) - member of the town council of state assembly, editor of “Ufimsky vestnik” and “Vestnik of Ufa”