The Subject of the Russian Federation:
Republic of Karelia
Federal District: The North-Western Federal District
Area: 135 km2
Population: 270 600 persons.
Petrozavodsk is a city in north-west of Russia, the capital and largest city of the Republic of Karelia, the administrative center of Prionezhsky region.
It forms a municipality of Petrozavodsk, city district. It received status of the city on March 21, 1777.
The population is 270.6 thousand people (2010).
It was founded in 1703 as Peter’s Sloboda during construction by the decree of Peter I of an iron and cannon-casting plant in the lake deposit of iron ore. In 1777, Peter’s suburb was transformed into the county town of Petrozavodsk. Since 1781 the center of Olonetskaya province, in 1784-1796 and since 1801 of Olonets province.
Since 1920,it is the capital of the Karelian Labour Commune, then the capital of the Karelian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (in 1940-56 of Lithuanian SSR). In 1916, through Petrozavodsk was laid the railway Petrograd - Romanov-on-Murman (Murmansk).
During the Great Patriotic War, it was occupied by Finnish troops and badly damaged. In the 1956-1991 Petrozavodsk was the capital of the Karelian ASSR within the RSFSR.
Since 1991 Petrozavodsk is the capital of the Republic of Karelia in the Russian Federation.
The city is located in the East European Plain, north of Upland and Olonets Shoksha ridge. Located on the banks of the Petrozavodsk Bay of Lake Onega amphitheater on lake terraces, stretching along the coast on 21,7 km.
The city is surrounded by forests of south-western side and Petrozavodsk lip of Lake Onega in the north-east. The highest place in the city is Mount Kukkovka (193 meters).
Petrozavodsk is located 924 km north of Moscow and 412 km north-east of St. Petersburg. The city is surrounded by territory of Prionezhsky district administrative center where it is located. According to the system of rivers and canals of Petrozavodsk, it has access to the Baltic, White, Barents, Caspian and Black Seas, which makes it a port of five seas.
Apart from it in the town there are lakes Logmozero, Lamba, and Dennoe Chetyrehverstnoe. Logmozero and Onega lakes are connected with Solomensky Strait. In the territory of the city there are several non-navigational rivers: Lososinka, Neglinka, Tomitsa, Selgskaya river, streams Rock, Studenets, and also great for the city approximately 100 springs flow. Some of them are actively visited by citizens of Petrozavodsk.
Industry of Petrozavodsk provided engineering and metalworking, forestry and wood processing, construction, food processing, light industry and printing industry.
The main types of industrial products, which produce enterprises of Petrozavodsk are electricity, heat, chemical equipment and spare parts, paper-making equipment, skidding cars, lumber, including export, planed products, window and door frames, woodworking machinery, garments and knitwear, leather shoes, sausages and meat products, whole milk products, ice cream, bread, bakery and confectionery, alcoholic beverages, consumer goods, souvenirs and stuff.
Petrozavodsk was given the status of the historic city of Russia. Major city’s places of attraction for touristsare
- Onega embankment (an open-air museum: the monument to the liberators of Petrozavodsk, the monument to the founder of the city — Emperor Peter I, the Rotunda, the monuments of the twin cities (including the Wood desires, and other sculptures and installations)
- Lenin Square is the former Round Square, an ensemble of former provincial administrative buildings (now — National History Museum and the Center of national cultures), in 1775 was built Amusement Park (formerly Peter's Garden, Summer Garden — founded in 1703. The oldest park in Russia. The park is a monument of Petrovsky factory, there is a pond that was formerly at the Palace of Peter
- Lenin Avenue is the main street of Petrozavodsk. The main objects are University Hotel Severnaya, a fountain in the hotel "Severnaya", Fountain of Youth, the gallery of sister cities
- Kirov Square (the Museum of Fine Arts, 4 out of 5 municipal theaters) and the Alley of sister cities with a "Friendship Tree"