Рус  |   Eng  |   中文
The Far Eastern Federal District
The Privolzhsky Federal District
The North-Western Federal District
The Siberian Federal District
The Ural Federal District
The Central Federal District
The Southern Federal District
 

Vladimir region

The Alexander SlobodaVladimir-Suzdal Museum ReserveHomestead of Khrapovitsky Vladimir region

The Subject of the Russian Federation:
Vladimir Region

Federal District: The Central Federal District

Area: 29 084 km2
Population: 1430,0 persons.

Emblem of Vladimir region
Emblem of Vladimir region

Flag of Vladimir region
Flag of Vladimir region



Description

Vladimir regionis the subject of the Russian Federation.

Vladimirregion isthe cradle ofthe historyof Russian land. In order to understandand feel Rus it is necessary to comehere. Eachmonument is the talkabout the history ofRussia, theworld's history.It is not surprisingly,that many of themare included in UNESCO World Heritage List.

The historicaltowns of Oblast are notsimilar to each otherand yet they are connected withthe historyand grandeurof human hands creation, divined to God.It is no accidentthat Vladimir Oblastisthe concentration ofthe holy places, where everyone candiscovernew truths, helping youto live in harmonywith the world andwith yourself.

Towns are differentas people.The townsof Vladimirland aremajestic andwise,hospitable andsmiling. They seemed toenvelopevery travelerby theirgenerosity, incorruptibleheartfeltkindness,and you want towalk on theromanticstreets, filling your thoughts withhistory,and to admirethe unprecedentedbeauty and harmony ofnature and architectureof antiquity.

The uniqueromanticof Vladimirlandattracts tourists fromall over the world,who cometo admire thewhite stonelaceworkof ancient temples, the ability to understand and feelthe ancient historyand becomea little bithappier.And thisisthemaingoalofeverytraveler.

The administrative center is Vladimir city.

Vladimir Oblastis locatedin the centralpart of EastEuropean Plain.It borders withMoscow, Ivanovo,Nizhny Novgorod, Ryazanand Yaroslavl Oblasts.

The resident populationis about1.5millionpeople.

The administrative-territorial division -16 municipals,22 towns, including 10 towns of oblastsubordination.

History

Vladimir Oblast is one of the oldest historical and artistic centers of Russian land. The territories that it includes constituted the core of the Vladimir-Suzdal duchy from the old times, and it was Vladimir province at the end of XVIII century.

Grand Duchy of Vladimir (1157-1362 y.) was formed in connection with the replacing of the capital of Rostov- Suzdal duchy to the city of Vladimir on Klyazma by Grand Duke Andrei Bogoliubsky.According to oneversion itwas founded by Duke VladimirSvyatoslavich in 990, on the other it was madeby Duke VladimirMonomakh in1108. During Duke Andrey Bogolubskyand his successors’governance the city reachedflowering.

From the secondhalf of XII tillbeginning of XIII centuriesGrandVladimirDuchy wasa major economic,political and cultural centerof Rus.The replacementofthe political centerofRussiatoVladimirplayed animportant rolein the formationofGreat-Russian ethnosandRussiannation.Economic and political influenceof Vladimir-Suzdal duchy was undermined in1238by ruinousMongol-Tatar invasion.

In 1778 Vladimir province was formed, in the same year it was transformed into the viceroyalty. Vladimir province was one of the most industrialized provinces of European Russia. In XVII century the textile industry is developed here (textiles in Ivanovo-Voznesensk, Shuya, Viazniki, Murom, etc.). The ironwork factories of Botashevs operated in Melenkovsk county. In the second half of XVIII century glass factories were founded in Maltsov Sudogda county (now the Gus-chrustalniy region). Most industrial establishments were located in villages and settlements.

In 1796,because of the increasingeconomic andadministrative importanceof Vladimirregion, the Empress Catherine II orderedto establish a newterritorial unitof Russian Empire, which becameVladimirprovince.

In XIXcentury,Vladimir Provincewasoneof the centers oftextile production, 31% of cotton fabric manufactured in Russia isproducedhere.

The homecraft was widespreadin theprovince. The leading rolehadweaving.The icon-painting is known since the end ofXVII century(Shuya, Palekhand Mstera). Masons from Vladimir and Suzdal, carpenters from Pokrovsk andGorokhovets achieved all-Russiaglory.

The revolutionary events of1917and Civil Waralmostdid nottouchedVladimirregion.The bigchangescamewith the beginningof the industrialization,textile, machine engineering, instrument-makingand glassindustriesenterprises were built.

In 1929,afterthe liquidation ofVladimir province,its territories were included in threeoblasts:Ivanovo,GorkovandMoscow.

Vladimir Oblast in its present borders was established in August 14, 1944.

Geographical location, natural resources, climate

Vladimir region is a part of Central Federal District, has advantageous geographical position. It is located in the central part of European part of Russia, has an extensive network of roads and railways. Three important railway lines Moscow — Nizhny Novgorod, Moscow — Yaroslavl, Moscow — Kazan go through its territory.

The climateis moderately continental.The average temperaturein January is-7.9degrees, and inJuly is+19.5degrees.

Hundreds oflarge and small riversflow on the territory of the Oblast with a totallength of more than8,6 thousandkm.

The main riversarerivers ofVolgaRiverbasinOkaandKlyazma.

One of the major rivers is Klyazma. Onthe south-eastern border with Nizhny Novgorod Oblast, it flows into the Oka river, which has an importanttransport meaning. The passenger line Moscow — Nizhny Novgorodgoes on this river.

The soils of two types dominate in the Oblast, such asgray forest soil,because of the deciduous forests, and sod-podzolic soil formedunder coniferousand mixed forestsin the conditions ofmoderately continental climate.

Industry

Major industries are machine engineering, metalworking, light industry, chemical, textile and glass industry,handicraftindustry.

Agriculture

Agricultural lands occupy38%of theOblast’s territory.The main cropsarecorn, technical,forage crops, potatoes, vegetables. Thehorticulturalisdeveloped.

The livestock specialization iscattle, pigs. The breedofVladimirheavyhorsesis developed.

Transport

From the automobile roads the most significant are the highway M7 "Volga" to 10 million tons / year (through Pokrov, Petushki, Lakinsk, Vladimir, Vyazniki and Gorokhovets), the approach from the highway to Ivanovo of 102 km (via Suzdal), as well as a small part of the road A108, poorly supported P72 Vladimir — Murom and R125 Nizhny Novgorod — Kasimov roads.

Local airlines airportSemyazinois in 5 km from Vladimir,landing sitesin Viazniki, Gorokhovetsandmany militaryairfields.Thesignificantpart of theair corridorseast direction fromMoscowgoes over the regionterritory.

You should also mentiondevelopedtrolley-bussystemsinVladimirand Kovrov.

The narrow gaugemovement is maintained,includingpassengeronOstrovsk and Baksheevsk, Mezinovskand Gusevsk swamps of Meshchory.

Types oftourismperformedin the region

  • Cultural and knowing tourism
  • Conference and business tourism
  • Sport tourism
  • Event tourism
  • Health tourism
  • Agritourism

Attractions

  1. Golden Gate(in the list of UNESCO)
  2. Assumption cathedral (in the listof UNESCO)
  3. Dmitrievsky Cathedral(in the listof UNESCO)
  4. Nativity Cathedral in Suzdal(in the listof UNESCO)
  5. AndrewBogolyubskyPalace (in the listof UNESCO)
  6. Pokrov-na-Nerli Church inBolubovo(in the listof UNESCO)
  7. The Church ofBoris and Gleb inKideksh(in the listof UNESCO)
  8. AlexanderSloboda
  9. Spasskyfratry
  10. Rizopolozhenskymonastery

Famous natives

  • TaneyevSergei Ivanovich-Russian composer
  • LazarevMikhail Petrovich  - admiral
  • ZhukovskyNikolai Egorovich-Russian scientist
  • StoletovAlexander Grigorievich– physicist
  • SperanskyMikhailMikhailovichstatesman
  • KubasovValerii Nikolaevich-Soviet cosmonaut
  • FatianovAlexei Ivanovich- famousSoviet poet
  • SoloukhinVladimir Alekseevich- famousRussian writer

Phones for communication in emergencies

Crisis ManagementCenter — (4922) 32-4011

Unified “crisis counseling line” — (4922) 39-9999

Chief Directorate of STSI — (4922) 54-1665

Reference service— (4922) 47-0777

Sources of information on tourism opportunities in the Oblast

Tourist-informationCenterof Oblast

Vladimir,Oktiabrskyave., 3, tel.:(4922) 46-2205

Territorial bodies of the Ministry of Emergency Situations of Russia

Chief Directorate of the MES of Russia for VladimirOblast:

tel.: (4922) 44-7518