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Altai Territory

Altai districtMonument to the Victims of Political RepressionThe complex of  construction silver melting factoryEnsemble mining industrial area, XIX century.

The Subject of the Russian Federation:
Altai Territory

Federal District: The Siberian Federal District

Area: 167 996 km2
Population: 2 491 627 persons.

Emblem
Emblem

Flag
Flag



Description

Unique nature and climate conditions with well-preserved historical-cultural heritage attract a great amount of travelers to the Altai Krai.

Various nature landscapes, presence of mountain rivers for rafting, places for fishing, hunting, more than 5000 historical monuments gives an opportunity to diversify your journey.

You can have a good rest and improve your health in the famous federal health resort “Belokurikha”.

Creation of a special economic zone of the tourist-recreational type “Turquoise Katun” and a gambling zone “Siberian Coin” make the Altai Krai a national tourist center that should be certainly visited by every traveler. 

More than 1 million tourists spend their holidays here every year and every time open this amazing krai in a new way. Open the Altai treasures yourselves.

Altai Krai  the subject of the Russian Federation.

Administrative center — Barnaul that is inhabited by 26% of the whole population of the Krai.

It was formed on the 28th of September, 1937.

The Krai borders with the Novosibirsk Oblast in the north, the Kemerovo Oblast in the east, the Republic of Altai in the south-east and the state border with the Republic of Kazakhstan in the south-west and west.

Constant population size is approximately 2,5 million people. The peculiarity of the region is a high part of rural population – 46.3%.

There are 12 city districts and 60 rural areas on the territory of the region. Except Barnaul, large cities are Biisk and Rubtsovsk.

History

The first Russians arrived to the Upper Ob valley and Altai foothills in the second part of XVll century.

Settlement of Altai became quicker after the Beloyarskaya (1717) and the Bikatunskaya (1718) fortresses were built to protect against the warlike nomads djungars. Long Northern War with Sweden rose a number of problems for Russia, one of which is receipt of own metala and especially copper that is necessary for guns production, coining, bells casting.

 Altai had been known as the region of metals production since olden times. The largest Ural factory owner Akinfiy Demidov used this fact – on the 21st of September, 1729 the first plant in the Altai metallurgy, the Kolivano-Voskresensky Plant, was launched. Altai was also rich in silver. In 1744 Demidov’s people set to silver-refining production. In 1747 the empress Elizaveta Petrovna issued a decree, according to which Altai was given to the Russian tsars for individual ownership. The Alexander Nevsky’s tomb was made out of the Altai silver and weighed 90 poods. Nowadays it is in the Hermitage Museum.

 By the end of XVlll century there were 8 mining and smelting plants in the region. Annual silver smelting reached 1 000 poods. In the second half of XVIII – beginning of XIX centuries the Zmeinogorsky mine was the main supplier of silver ores. The Kolivano-Voskresensky ( since 1834 – The Altai) mountain district that was formed in the second half of XVIII is a territory, included modern Altai Krai, the Novosibirsk and Kemerovo Oblasts, part of the Tomsk Oblast and part of the Eastern-Kazakhstan Oblast of the Republic of Kazakhstan, with total area more than 500 thousand sq km.

In the end of the XVIII century such important deposits of semi-precious stones were open in Altai and make it world-famous, as the Korgonskoye, Revnevskoye, Beloretskoye and Goltsovskoye.

In 1786 stone cutting industry began to develop in the region. It specialized in manufacturing of large products: vases, candelabra, fireplaces and others. The famous “Empress of Vases” that decorates one of the Hermitage halls was manufactured there. It was made out of the Revnevskaya jasper.

In the first half of the XIX century Altai was at the first place in Russia, according to production of silver, second place – copper, third place – gold. In 1806 along with Ekaterinburg Barnaul was officially recognized as a mountain city. After 1861 mountain industry that was the main branch of the region’s economy faced the crisis.

From the beginning of the 1870s unprofitability of plants grew irrepressibly and by the end of the century almost all of them were closed and the main economy of Altai became agriculture.

By 1915 the Altai railroad had been constructed. Events of 1917-1919 caused the establishment of the Soviet rule in Altai. In June, 1917 the Altai province with the center in Barnaul city was formed. It existed until 1925. From 1925 to 1937 the territory of Altai was a part of the Siberian Krai, from 1930 to 1937 – part of the West-Siberian Krai. On the 28th of September, 1937 the Central Committee of the USSR decreed to divide the West-Siberian Krai in the Novossibirskkaya Oblast and the Altai Krai with the center in Barnaul city.

It was necessary to reorganize work of the whole national economy, because of the Great Patriotic War. The Altai Krai accepted more than 100 evacuated enterprises from the western regions of the country. Nowadays the Altai Krai is a dynamically developing region with modern industrial manufacture, agriculture and rapid developing tourism.

Geographical location, natural resources, climate

The Altai Krai is situated in the south-west of the Western Siberia, on boundaries of the continental Asia, 3 419 km from Moscow. Total territory of the krai is 168 thousand sq km.

Two types of landscapes dominate in the krai: in the east – mountains, in the west – steppes. There are rich flora and fauna.

 There are almost all natural zones of Russia in the krai: steppe and forest-steppe, taiga, mountains and rich river ecosystems. 

The climate of the Altai Krai is temperate-continental with hot summer and cold winter. Sumer in mountains is colder, than in plains of the krai and winter is, on the contrary, softer. Due to such peculiarities of climate there are large gardens in foothills and low-mountain part of the krai, where bumper harvest of fruits and berries is cropped. Average temperature in January -17,6 ˚C, in July +18,4 ˚C. Precipitation is 250-350 mm per year. On the average the sun is shining 2000 – 2300 hours per year.

The krai is famous for unique deposits of jasper, malachite, porphyries, marbles, and granites.

The region is rich in forest resources. Forest fund is more than 1/5 of the territory of the krai and covers area of 3 440,4 thousand hectares.

Among 13000 lakes the largest one is the Kuludinskoye. Its square is 728 sq km. The largest rivers are Biya, Katun, Ob, Aley and Charysh. The Altai Krai has valuable therapeutic resources. Mineral medicinal and medicinal drinking water, sulfide silt muds, medicinal properties of the climate, herbs, pant baths and others are used.

Many ecological liqueurs and broths, balsams, sea-buckthorn oil, pantocrine, honey and propolis are made on the base of herbs.

Flora in the Altai Krai numbers 1 184 species of plants. The group of herbs is the largest one. Among them about 100 species are widely used in medicine, including: golden root (snowdown rose), maral root (rhaponticum carthamoides), red root (tick trefoil), Mary’s root (Paeonia anomala L.), origanum, St. John’s wort, the Ural lucocrice and others.

About 90 species of mammals and more than 290 species of birds live in Altai. Some of them (Pallas’ cat, marbles polecat, cranes and others) are in the Red book.

Industry

Nowadays Barnaul is one of the leaders of the Siberian federal district, according to provision citizens with trade grounds and launching of modern shopping centers.

In the city about 300 thousand people are occupied in the real sector of economy. Every third worker gets the income in the sphere of small and medium entrepreneurship. It concerns more than 10 thousand operating enterprises – from chemist’s and workshops to complex science intensive manufactures.

The city began its history as a mountain one, continues as a merchant’s. Many decades ago it got back the status of an industrial center. Wartime left an approved manufacture to the city that switched from defensive products to peaceful ones.

Nowadays industry, building, energy, food and drugs production are developed in the city. An industrial potential of the krai’s capital is created by such enterprises, as the “Altai Plant of Precision Goods”, the “Plant of Aluminum Casting”, the “Plant of Fuel Pumps”, “Altaigeomash”, “Sibenergomash”, the “Altai Tyre Company”, the “Barnaul Machine-tool Plant” holding, the “Altai Transformer Plant”, the Altai instrument making plant “Rotor”, “Barnaultransmash”, the “Barnaul Radio Plant”, the “Barnaul Plant of Large-panel House Building”, “Betoform”, “Housing initiative”, “BMK Altai Melangist”, “Plavych”, “Pava”, “Altai Wealth”, “AgroSib-Razdolye”, the “Barnaul Dairy Complex”, “Altaiholod”, “Malavit”, “Altai Buket” and others. 

Production, manufactured by the Barnaul plants, exported abroad.

Agriculture

 Altai Territory is one of the major agricultural regions, not only in the Siberian federal district, but also in the Russian Federation. Main branches of agriculture are grain production, animal husbandry, forage production, and also maral breeding and bee keeping.

The region is at the third place in Russia, according to a number of cattle, and ranks one of the leading places, according to pigs and horses number.

Transportation

Two federal transport motor highways that connect western and eastern regions of the country cross the territory of the krai and provide with ways to Kazakhstan, Mongolia and Central Asian countries.

The international airport in Barnaul city can accept all kinds of aircrafts with weight up to 350 tonnes.

There are 781 km of navigable river ways and two operating river ports (Barnaul, Biisk) on the territory of the krai.

Types of tourism, existing in the region

  • Cultural and informative tourism
  • Health-improving tourism
  • Ecological tourism
  • Hunting and fishing
  • Active holidays

Attractions

  1. Altai State Regional Historical Museum
  2. State Art Museum
  3. St. Basil's Cathedral
  4. Znamenskaya Church
  5. Nikolskaya Church
  6. Botanical garden
  7. Barnaul planetarium

Famous natives

  • Kalashnikov Michael Timofeevich — an outstanding inventor, the Hero of Socialist Labour twice, main designer of the Izhevsk small arms factory.  
  • Titov German Stepanovich — a space-pilot of the USSR, the Hero of the Soviet Union, Colonel General of aviation.
  • Shukshin Valery Makarovich – a Russian Soviet writer, film director, actor, script writer.
  • Zolotukhin Valery Sergeevich – a Soviet and Russian theater and film actor, People’s actor of Russia.

Telephones for emergency situations

Common hotline of the Ministry of Emergency Situations in the Altai Krai – (3852) 63-9207

 Sources of getting information about touristic opportunities in the region

Social-counseling center of the local authorities of Barnaul city – (3852) 29-1075, (3852) 29-1076

Official web-site of Barnaul city - www.barnaul.org

Official web-site of the Committee on Culture of Barnaul city - www.barnaulkultura.ru

Territorial authorities of the MES of Russia

Main department of the MES of Russia in the Altai Krai.

Address: building 25, Polzunova Street, Barnaul city, telephone: (3852) 63-9351

www.mchs22.ru

e-mail: mchs@ab.ru

The V.V. Zyukov West Siberian search-and-rescue brigade of the MES of Russia

Address: building 190, Pananitsev Street, Barnaul city, telephone: (3852) 62-2912, 62-2900, fax (3852) 62-2962

e-mail: zspso@mail.ru