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Saint Petersburg

PetergofThe building of Marinsky TheatreThe  Bronze Horseman Petropavlovsky fortressGatchinaAlexander  Nevsky Lavra

The Subject of the Russian Federation:
Saint Petersburg

Federal District: The North-Western Federal District

Area: 1 439 km2
Population: 4 613 800 persons.

Emblem of Saint-Petersburg
Emblem of Saint-Petersburg

Flag of Saint- Petersburg
Flag of Saint- Petersburg



Description

St. Petersburg is the largest center of world and Russian culture. Number of cultural heritage sites protected by the state is 8464, more than 140 museums and 60 theaters.

The number of tourists visiting the city each year is more than five million people. Tourists call this city the most beautiful in the world, most romantic, most refined, most sublime. Thus, the most the most. This is the whole of St. Petersburg. Here come the tourists again and again, because you cannot turn away from the spell of this truly great city of Petra.

Saint Petersburg is the federal city in  Russian Federation, the administrative center of the North-West federal area. In the XVIII—XX centuries  Saint Petersburg was the capital of the Russian Empire. The city is one of the most beautiful cities in the World, because of this the city became the tourism center of our country.

The population of the city is 4 613 800 inhabitantes (2010).

Saint Petersburg ranks the third in according the number of people  among the cities, which are situated in Europe ,  and the first  among the cities, which are not the capitals.. The city square is  1 439 sq. km.

History

St. Petersburg was founded on May 27, 1703, on land belonging to the earliest times to Veliky Novgorod.

Peter I, who founded St. Petersburg, aimed at reforming the Russian economy, the establishment of close economic, cultural and technological cooperation with more developed countries of Europe. Construction of the city began with the Hare Island, which was built fortress.

From 1712 to 1928 Petersburg was the capital of the Russian State. The reign of Catherine II was a brilliant time to development of the city. During the reign of Catherine began construction of St. Petersburg stone buildings, construction was begun, which are now the main attractions of the city: Palace Square, Yelagin Palace, monument to Peter I The Bronze Horseman.

In 1914, St. Petersburg was renamed Petrograd from 1924 to 1991 was called Leningrad. The city has experienced dozens of flood, revolution, a three-year siege.

The most tragic page in the history of Leningrad - is devyatisotdnevnaya blockade. By the end of the war the population of Leningrad fell by almost half. The Siege of Leningrad began in September 1941 and was completely removed in January 1944.

In 1991 the city regained its historic name.

Geographical position, climate

The city is located on the north-west of the Russian Federation, within the Neva Lowland, on the adjacent to the mouth of the Neva River, Neva Bay, coast of Gulf of Finland and on numerous islands of the Neva delta. The climate is temperate in Petersburg, transitional from temperate continental to temperate maritime. The highest temperature reported in St. Petersburg for the whole observation period is  +37,1 ° C, while the lowest is  -35,9 ° C.

There are in average 62 sunny days in Saint Petersburg in the year. So there are mostly the days with cloudy and overcast weather, the scattered light. Length of Day in St. Petersburg varies from 5 hours 51 minutes on 22 December to 18 hours 50 minutes on June 22. In the city there are the so-called White Nights, the upcoming May 25-26, when the sun sinks beyond the horizon of not more than 9 °, and the twilight practically coincide with the morning. The white nights end on July 16-17. A total length of the White Nights is over 50 days.

Industry

Dominant industries: machine building, metalworking, metallurgy, shipbuilding, automotive, food and processing industry.

Transportation

St. Petersburg is the biggest transportation hub of the north-west of Russia and second in the country after Moscow. In the city the important railways and highways connects one to another, there are large sea and river ports. .

The traffic jams are the big problem for the citizens. To reduce the congestion of urban highway transit traffic, the building of the St. Petersburg ring road (Ring Road) is planning.

Public transport 

Since 1955 the city has got the subway — the most convenient means of transportation, as well as in Moscow. Passengers pay only a one-time login, which costs 22 RUR, regardless of the direction and duration of travel (one-time payment for multiple trips provides discounts). In contrast, the Moscow Metro here, there are two forms of the ticket: a chip and the Ivory Coast (contactless smart card).

As of 2001 the world's largest tram network operated in St. Petersburg. Also a network of bus and trolleybus traffic has developed in the city. Substantial amount of running busses and trolley busses. You can get to the airport on taxis and buses (Pulkovo-1 — from the metro station "Moskovskaya", at Pulkovo-2 — from the metro station "Moskovskaya" and "Hay Square"). Directions to the trams and buses costs 17 RUR per trip. The fare for a taxi trip is — 20—25 RUR. There is also a network of regional transport. Taxis can be booked at the hotel, airport or train station.

Railway Transport

In the city there are five passenger railway stations:

  • Baltic Railway Station (serving only commuter passenger traffic to the Sosnovy Bor, Gatchina, Gdov, Luga).
  • Vitebskiy Railway Station (long-distance trains of the south-westerly direction, including Kiev, Warsaw, Berlin, commuting to Oredezh, Veliky Novgorod).
  • Ladozhsky Railway Station (long-distance trains of the northern and eastern directions, including Murmansk, Vologda, Petrozavodsk, Arkhangelsk; commuter transportation to Budogosch, Volkhovstroy, Nevdubstroy, Lodeynoe Pole, Tikhvin).
  • Moskovskiy Railway Station (long-distance trains to Moscow, the center and the south of Russia; commuter transportation to Budogosch, Malaya Vishera, Babaevo, Veliky Novgorod).
  • Finlyandskiy Railway Station (serving suburban passenger traffic to Sestroretsk, Vyborg, Kuznechnoe, Ladozhskoe Lake, and others, as well as train at Helsinki).

There is the directorate of the largest railway in Russia (Oktyabrskaya). Since 1948 Children's Railway has been working in the city — Malaya Oktyabrskaya Railway.

Airports

Passenger air transportation from St. Petersburg is done through the Pulkovo airport, situated on the southern outskirts of the city. There are two passenger terminals — Pulkovo-1 (transport within the CIS) and Pulkovo-2 (international).

The airport only has road connections with the city that makes it difficult to reach traffic jams in rush hours. In 2010 the competition for the construction of ground espresso, which would link Moskovskiy Railway Station to the airport Pulkovo, took place.

River Transport

Federal State Unitary Enterprise "Administration Port of St. Petersburg" is organizing navigation in a number of ports on the territory of St Petersburg and in the eastern part of the Gulf of Finland in the Baltic Sea:

  • Big Port of St. Petersburg (includes 5 pools: East, Baroque, Passenger, the raid of the Forest Mall and Coal Harbour; Vasileostrovskiy cargo port)
  • Kronstadt port
  • Lomonosov port. Tickets for all intercity routes of water transport of Petersburg cost 50 RUR. There are two main recreational directions:
  • The river walk along the Neva River (the usual route of the ring — from the Blagoveshchenskiy bridge to the Smolny Cathedral)
  • Walking through the small rivers and canals .

In addition, shipping companies provide a service of making of individual routes. 

There are two types of river transportation: 

  • Suburban — fast hydrofoils — "Meteor" and "Raketa" (the cost of one trip — 150—200 RUR) go in Peterhof from the piers at the Hermitage, the Bronze Horseman and the Cabinet of Curiosities.
  • In 2004 a project "river bus" was launched in St. Petersburg. These vessels go daily on a schedule and make stops in beautiful places. They have stops at the Peter and Paul Fortress, the channel of Griboyedov at Nevsky Prospekt, the Stroganov Palace and the Palace pier.

River buses in St. Petersburg are part of tourist transport and are very popular among visitors to the city and even its indigenous inhabitants. Stroll along the rivers and canals of the city will cost an average from 400 to 600 RUR, the shipping company "New River" offers tickets for 350 RUR. 

Port of St. Petersburg connected with the sea by the Sea channel, length of which is 27 miles and it’s open for ships all year round. At the western end of Vasilevsky island passenger Seaport is located.

A significant proportion of water transport accounted for river transportation along the Neva River, connecting the city with Lake Ladoga, it’s also the final segment of the Volga-Baltic Waterway. The small shipping on rivers and canals of St. Petersburg is well developed.

In 2010, the first water passenger transport (acquabus) was commissioned.

Types of tourism undertaken in the region

• Cultural and educational

• Cruise

• Business

• Event

• Religious

• Health

Things to do

• The Palace Square and Winter Palace (Hermitage)

• Peter and Paul Fortress

• Isaac's Cathedral

• Spas-na-Krovi

• Smolny Cathedral

• Kazan Cathedral

• The Russian Museum

• The Yusupov Palace

• Arrow of Vasilevsky Island

• The Bronze Horseman

• Admiralty

• Museum-Reserve "Peterhof"

• Museum-Preserve "Tsarskoye Selo"

• Museum-Preserve "Pavlovsk"

• Strelna (Constantine Palace)

Famous People

. Carl Bryullov - the great Russian artist, painter, muralist

 Pyotr Tchaikovsky - Russian composer, conductor, teacher, musical activist, music journalist

Daniil Kharms - Russian writer and poet

Alexander I Pavlovich (Blessed) - All-Russian Emperor, the eldest son of Emperor Paul I and Maria Feodorovna

 Vladimir Nabokov - Russian and American writer, poet, translator, literary critic and an entomologist, author of "Lolita"

Sergei Dovlatov - Soviet writer and journalist

 Glyceria Bogdanova-Chesnokova - film and stage actress, star of Operetta

 Ilya Repin - Russian artist, painter, master portrait, historical and genre scenes

Dmitry Shostakovich - one of the greatest composers of XX century, which had a huge impact on the world music culture

Joseph Brodsky - Russian and American poet, essayist, playwright, translator, winner of the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1987

 Dmitri Mendeleev - Russian scientist and social activist, author of the periodic law of chemical elements

 Korney Chukovskij - Russian poet, essayist, critic, and translator and literary critic, known primarily for children's tales in verse and prose

 Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov - Russian composer, teacher, conductor and public figure, a music critic

Sophia Kovalevskaya - Russian mathematician and engineer, first in Russia and in Northern Europe female professor and the world's first female professor of mathematics

 Mikhail Lomonosov - the first Russian scholar and scientist of world importance

Phones for communication in emergencies

Fire - 01

The Police - 02

Ambulance - 03

From a mobile phone 112

Sources of information on tourism opportunities in the region

St. Petersburg State University "City Tourist Information Center"

www.ispb.info

www.visit-petersburg.ru