The Subject of the Russian Federation:
Republic of Altai
Federal District: The Siberian Federal District
Area: 95,5 km2
Population: 56 000 persons.
Gorno-Altaisk — a city in the south of the Western Siberia, the administrative center of the Republic of Altai. This is the only city and capital of the Altai Republic. During its not so long history the name was changed three times: Ulala, Oyrot-Tura, Gorno-Altaisk .
It was founded in 1830 and became a city in 1928.
Population: 56 000 people (2010).
Area — 95.5 km².
History of the city dates back to the beginning of the XIX century - then there was a small settlement of the Teleuts on the place of modern Gorno-Altaisk. In 1824 first Russian settlers from Biysk moved there and founded the village of Ulala.
In 1831 missionaries and priests gathered in Ulala. Later some Biysk merchants moved to the village. For several decades Ulala transformed into a major shopping center of the Biysk district of Tomsk province.
After the revolution in 1917 and the Civil War, the Soviet government decided to form the Oyrotsky Autonomous Oblast. According to the Decree of the Central Executive Committee, dated June 2, 1922, the village of Ulala became the administrative center of the new region. 6 years later on the 27th of February, 1928 the settlement got a status of city.
During next two decades Ulala changed its name several times. On the 23rd of June, 1932 the city renamed in the city of Oyrot Tura (nomad camp of the Oyrots, the Oyrots — one of original names of the Altaians), and on the 7th of January, 1948 the Oyrotsky Autonomous Oblast was renamed in the Gorno-Altai one, the city Oyrot Tura – in Gorno-Altaisk.
On the 7th of May, 1992 a final name of the Republic of Altai was received, in the same year the city of Gorno-Altaisk acquired the status of the capital of the Republic of Altai.
Gorno-Altaisk is situated in the north-western part of the Republic of Altai in the intermountain basin among the chain of low mountains at the height of 270-305 meters above sea level at the confluence of two small rivers - Ulalushki and Maimy, which in turn flow into the great mountain Katun River. The distance from Gorno-Altaisk to Moscow is 3 641 km.
The main passenger transports in Gorno-Altaisk are buses and taxis. There are 31 urban and suburban routes in the existing network of regular passenger transportation.
Air traffic is realized through the airport "Gorno-Altaisk". The airport is located 6 miles west from the city center.
The basic industry of Gorno-Altaisk is livestock and agriculture. Production of building materials is developed.
- Anokhin Republican Historical Museum
- National Theatre
- Ulalinskaya Site of Early Man
Grigory Gurkin (1870 – 1937) — an Altai artist, a disciple of I.I. Shishkin