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Volgograd

Mamaev KurganPlanetarium buildingMemorial ship Ruins of the mill

The Subject of the Russian Federation:
Volgograd Region

Federal District: The Southern Federal District

Area: 565 km2
Population: 979 617 persons.


Description

Volgograd — a city in the south-east of the European part Russia, the administrative center of the Volgograd oblast. It's a hero-city, the place of the battle of Stalingrad.

The city was named Tsaritsyn from 1589 to 1925,, and from 1925 to 1961 - Stalingrad. Founded in 1589. Has had the title of cityity since 1780.

Population: over a million people.

History

The original name of the city, Tsaritsyn, was first mentioned by the English explorer Barry in 1579, but it was applied not to the city, but to  the island on the Volga.

The city foundation date  considered to be July 2, 1589, when the name Tsaritsyn fortress was first mentioned in a royal charter. Until the emergence of Tsaritsyn in the estuary of the Tsaritsa river there was a settlement the Golden Horde there.

In 1607, there was an uprising in the fortress against the tsar's troops, that was suppressed six months later. At the beginning of the XVII century  the fortress garrison comprised 350-400 men. In 1670 the fortress was taken by Stepan Razin's troops , who left it in a month.

In 1708 the fortress for about a month was  in the hands of the rebel  Cossacks under the leadership of Kondraty Bulavin. In 1717 it was ravaged by  Crimean  and KubanTatars. Later, in 1774, the city was unsuccessfully stormed by Yemelyan Pugachyov.

In 1708, Tsaritsyn was  assigned to Kazan Guberniya, in 1719 - to the Astrakhan one, in 1779 it was added to the  Saratov governorship. Since 1773, the city became the Provincial, and since 1780, the district town of Saratov governorship (later guberniya).

The city was renamed Stalingrad on April 10, 1925.

The most serious shock in the history of the city was the Great Patriotic War. Battle of Stalingrad began on 17 July, 1942 and on August 23 the city underwent massive bombing that destroyed or severely damaged a large part of the city's buildings.

The battle of Stalingrad is one of the biggest battles in the history of the whole mankind. In  Stalingrad battles of unprecedented intensity were observed. For example, the central station of the city was captured and recaptured 13 times, and the famous Mamaev Kurgan (one of the heights of Volgograd) was taken and fought off again 8 times.

In January 31, 1943 German commander Field Marshal Paulus surrendered, and on February 2, after the elimination of encircled troops residues, the Battle of Stalingrad was over. On November 10, 1961 the city of Stalingrad was renamed Volgograd.

Industry

Machine engineering, metallurgy and petroleum chemistry, building and light  industries  well as wood and food processing are developed here.

Transport

The city transport

Surface public transport of the city is represented by buses, trolley buses and trams. The electric transport fare has comprised 10 RUR since December 1, 2009; it used to be 8 RUR since June 1, 2008. The bus fare has also been 10 RUR since January 2010.

The Russian one and only metrotram has been functioning here. Its line 13.5 km long passes along the Lenin avenue, which is the the main highway, and connects the Tsentralny (central) city district with the northern industrial ones – Traktorozavodsky and Krasnooktyabrsky.

The city train is also working here; its lines connect all the city districts. The network centre is the Volgograd-1 railway station.

More than 15 pairs of electrotrains go to the south, to the Sarepta rail junction and further in the directions of Tatyanka-Yuzhnaya and Kanalnaya stations.

Four train pairs a day move to Traktornaya station (this line is duplicated by the rapid-transit tram); three pairs go to Volzhsky. 

All the Volgograd districts as well as many district centres and inhabited location of the Volgograd oblast are connected by the minibus taxi network. Thus, more than 100 routes pass through the city.

Highways

Federal highways M6 Kaspiy and M21, that are the part of the European M40 route, pass through the city.

Railway and bus stations

The central bus station is situated in the Tsentralny city district, several minutes' walk from the Volgograd-1 railway station. The bus station is the terminal point for the most part of the intraregional and interurban buses. Regular bus communication connects Volgograd with such cities as Moscow, Kazan, Naberezhnye Chelny, Rostov-on-Don, Krasnodar, Voronezh, Saratov, Astrakhan, Derbent, Elista, Baku and many others.

The Yuzhny bus station is situated in the Krasnoarmejsky region of Volgograd. Intraregional bus routes to Kalach-on-Don, Svetly Yar, Oktyabrsky and other districts begin at this station as well as interurban routes to Astrakhan, Volgodonsk, Rostov-on-Don, Elista and others, mostly transitional one.

All long distance trains leave from the Volgograd-1 station.

Volgograd-2. The second most important Volgograd railway station; serves suburban lines.  

The river boat station

The river transport on the Volga is the oldest in Volgograd. Thanks to the geographical location of the city (it stands at the crossroads of the North-South and the Danube-Volga transport corridors), it plays a great role in its development.

The river boat station is the largest in Europe. In 1985-1988 it had the greatest passenger turnover on the Volga.

The airport

The Volgograd international airport built in the city suburbs (Gumrak settlement) at the place of the German airport dating back to the Great Patriotic war, is capable of taking aircraft of the 1, 2, 3 and 4 class as well as helicopters of all types.

Places of interest

·         The memorial complex 'To the heroes of the Battle of Stalingrad' on the Mamayev kurgan

·         The state historical and memorial reserve museum 'The Battle of Stalingrad'

·         The state history, ethnography and architecture reserve museum 'Staraya Sarepta'

·         The Volgograd planetarium

·         The Volgograd museum of local history

Emergency phone numbers

 01 services for all the city phone numbers, 112 – for all the cellular phones, any mobile connection provider

(8442) 49-7323 — “The Centre of Communications”, the watch officer

Sources of information on region tourist facilities  

Tourist information centres, the Volgograd Oblast State Public Institutions

The Volgograd Administration Committee on Youth Affairs:

Volgograd, Kommunisticheskaya Str., 21

Phone: (8442) 24-2620

Fax: (8442) 24-2621

gy@rlan.ru

www.turizm-volgograd.ru