The Subject of the Russian Federation:
Federal District: The Far Eastern Federal District
Area: 353 km2
Population: 212 500 persons.
Blagoveshchensk — is a city in Russia, administrative center of Amur Oblast. It is the only administrative center of the Russian Federation that is located on the state border.
Blagoveshchensk is one of the oldest merchant cities of the Far East, which is acting as agent in commercial and industrial relationship of Siberia and Far East with Chine.
The population is 212 500 people.
On June 2, 1856 near the mouth of the Zeya on the left bank of the Amur River military troop was placed of about 500 people at the command of the second Zabaikalskaya Cossack Cavalry Brigade N. Khilkovsky. Soldiers cleared the area, preparing a place for receiving and accommodating immigrants, digged the ground under crops, prepared wood for bulding. From that moment began the history of the city of Blagoveshchensk. On June 29, 1856 in Ust-Zeya post 60 Trans-Baikal Cossacks came,, headed by a centurion M.I. Travin, and he has made the first building in Blagoveshchensk on the river, which gave its name to today's lane Relochnoy. It was first "mertvokladnoy" — there piled bodies of soldiers, who did not survive the first frosty winter. In the spring remains the first settlers were buried, and these logs were the foundation of the first in the town church -St. Nicholas. It was built by Cossacks and soldiers who arrived the following year with a new alloy.
On May 9, 1858 Archbishop Innocent of Kamchatka (Veniamin) was built a temple in honor of the Annunciation, and the village became known as the Annunciation. By the end of 1859, the city's population does not exceed one and a half thousand people.
The city grew and settled. Primarily, the house for the governor, office buildings, residential houses for government officials and military commanders, garrison offices were built. First streets began to take shape: Bolshaya (named after Lenin), Naberezhnaya (Krasnoflotskaya), Zeyskaya, Amursksya, Relochnaya. The general development of the city of Blagoveshchensk was largely due to the gold mining industry, agriculture and water transport. Further transformation of the city was aimed at strengthening its industrial capacity, the growing number of educational and research institutions.
During the Great Patriotic War Blagoveshchensk was the front line, which stood aganst military forces of military Japan, from where in August 1945 Soviet troops rushed to their destruction.
The city is located in the southwest of the Zeya-Bureya plain, on the left bank of the Amur River. It is located at 7 985 km east of Moscow, on the border with China, opposite the Chinese city of Heihe. The city of Blagoveshchensk and Heihe is separated Amur River, whose width in the area is about 800 m. Between the towns do not require visas. Currently the city stretches for 8 km along the Amur River, along the Zeya - 13 km.
City of Blagoveshchensk is situated mainly on the flat array. There are hills in the outskirts of the city.
The main industries of Blagoveshchensk are mining, energy, construction materials production.
Public transport Blagoveshchensk represented by buses, trolley buses, minibuses and taxis. In addition, it represented by ships (in the winter by buses, in the off-season by the hovercrafts) services passenger transportation through the Amur River.
Air traffic is carried out by the airport Ignatiev, which has international status. The airport performs the direct traffic to major Russian cities and charter flights to China, provides regular flights with cities in the Amur Oblast in Eastern Siberia and Russian Far East, as well as with Moscow.
In Blagoveshchensk there are about 50 effective urban and periurban (inter-municipal) and taxi routes of public transport. From 1979, there is trolleybus traffic.
• The railway station building, 1913
• The monument, erected in honor of Aigun contract
• Komarov, Peter (1911—1949) — Russian Soviet poet
• Petrov, Mikhail (1924—1987) — Russian philosopher and theorist of science, cultural specialist, historian
• Fadeev, Aleksandr (1901—1956) — Russian Soviet writer
• Yar-Kravchenko, Anatoly (1911—1983) — a Soviet artist