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Belgorod

Memorial in Victory ParkSt. Joseph of Belgorod — protector of BelgorodSmolensky CathedralBelgorod

The Subject of the Russian Federation:
Belgorod Region

Federal District: The Central Federal District

Area: 153,1 km2
Population: 362 832 persons.


Description

Belgorod is a city in Russia, administrative center of Belgorod Oblast.

This city was founded in 1596.

The population is 362 832 people (2010).

The city's area is 127.000 sq. km.

City of Military Glory.

History

Belgorod was founded by decree of Tsar Fedor Ioanovich on September11, 1596 as a frontier fortress. In 1658 it was the main city of Belgorod's line, that was 800-kilometer line of defense, protected Muscow Tsardom from raids of Crimean Tatars. At the beginning of XVIII century, after the annection of Ukraine and the construction of Ukrainian line of defense, the strategic importance of Belgorod has significantly decreased. Soon after the occupation of the Crimea in 1785, the city was excluded from the existing fortresses.

In 1727—1779, the city was the center of Belgorod governorate, which included such cities as Orel and Kharkov. After the abolition of the governorate, Belgorod has become a district city of Kursk governorate.

Soviet power in the city was established on October 26 (November 8), 1917. On April 10, 1918 Belgorod was occupied by German troops. After the conclusion of the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, the demarcation line has passed north of the city, Belgorod has been included in Ukrainian State of Hetman Skoropadskiy. On December 20, 1918, after the deposition of Skoropadskiy, Belgorod has been occupied by the Red Army and has become a member of the RSFSR.

During the Great Patriotic War, there were sanguinary battles in the neighbourhood of Belgorod. The city was twice occupied by the Germans, from October 24, 1941 to February 9, 1943 and from March 18 to August 5, 1943. During the war's years the city was terrifically damaged, only several dozens of buildings were survived. In honor of the liberation of Belgorod and Oryol from the German troops a salute in Moscow was rendered on August 5, 1943. Since, Belgorod is called the city of the first salute, and the 5th of August is celebrated as the Town Day.

In 1954, the city became the administrative center of Belgorod Oblast. Henceforth the rapid development of the city as a regional center was begining. We can say, that the city was rebuilt.

Today, Belgorod is the city with extended infrastructure, scientific, cultural, economic and spirit center of the Central Black Earth Oblast and Russia.

Geographical location

It's located in the south margin of the Central Russian Upland, mainly in the right bank of the River Seversky Donets (right tributary of  Don), within 697 km. south of Moscow and 40 km from the border with Ukraine. The average yearly temperature is 6.3 °C.

Industry

Belgorod's major industries are mining, energy industry, and construction materials production.

Transport

An air links with the city are implemented through the airport "Belgorod".

There are railway station "Belgorod", bus station "Belgorod", an intercity bus and trolleybus links operate in the city. The length of the trolley lines contact system is 86 km.

In future,  the construction of an express tramway and funicular, and also a transporting cableway from a town beach to bedroom communities of  Kharkiv mountain is in the planning stage.

Attractions

  • Cathedral of Smolensk
  • Monument to Heroes of the Battle of Kursk  
  • Regional Museum of Popular Culture
  • Monument to Knyazh Vladimir – Krasnoe Solnyshko

Famous People

  • Belgorod St. Josaphat is Bishop, one of the great miracle-workers and philanthropists
  • Prince Andrew R. Volkonsky is the founder of the Belgorod's fortress on the White Mountain (1596)
  • Knyazh Yuri Troubetzkoy (1668—1739) is the first governor of Belgorod
  • Knyazh Boris Sheremetiev (1652—1719) is a diplomat and military commander, a supporter of Peter I, the chief vaivode Belgorod Great regiment (1687)
  • Schepkin Mikhail Semenovich (1788—1863) is Russian actor and founder of realism in Russian performing arts, reformer of the Russian theater
  • Chumichov Nikolai Ivanovich (1770—1869) is Honorary freeman of  Belgorod, philanthropist, merchant of the second guild
  • Kurbatov Michael (1874—1959) is sculptor, painter, moulagest
  • Strakhov Nikolay (1828-1896) - publicist, literary critic and philosopher

Phones for communication in emergencies

Common telephone of firefighters and rescue workers in Belgorod Oblast – 010

Common rescue service in Belgorod Oblast – 112

Police in Belgorod Oblast – 020

Ambulance in Belgorod Oblast – 030

Emergency gas service in Belgorod Oblast – 040

Sources of information on tourism opportunities in the Oblast

www.belregion.ru

www.beladm.ru

Territorial bodies of the Ministry of Emergency Situations of Russia

State Institution of the Ministry of Emergency Situations of Russia in  Belgorod Oblast:

308015 Belgorod, Slavy avenue, 102

Telephone: (4722) 32-12-00

State Institution of the Ministry of Emergency Situations of Russia in  Belgorod Oblast:

308017 Belgorod, Volchanskaya Street, 163

Telephone: (4722) 30-66-05