The Subject of the Russian Federation:
Federal District: The Siberian Federal District
Area: 321 km2
Population: 598 000 persons.
Barnaul — a city in Russia, administrative center of the Altai Krai (since 1937). The first and the brightest impression after the meeting with Barnaul is amazement. The city is absolutely not like the Siberian one – there are much sun, green and flowers. The city is more like a south and resort one.
It was founded in 1730, it got the status of the city in 1771.
The area of the city — 321 km².
Population: 598 thousand people (2010).
The city is at the 22nd place, according to the population size in Russia.
Archaeological finds indicate that the first settlements on the territory of modern Barnaul appeared in the Stone Age.
Officially, the year of Barnaul foundation is considered to be 1730, when a mine owner Akinfiy Demidov transferred 200 bonded peasants to Altai to lay the plants foundation. Settlers and soldiers from Central Russia and the Urals rushed to a small village of Ust-Barnaul.
In 1749 the office of the mining district was transferred from Kolyvan to the Barnaul Plant with the consent of the Cabinet of its Imperial Majesty. In 1771 Barnaul got the status of a "mountain city".
In 1893 the abolition of serfdom and the depletion of natural resources led to the closure of the Barnaul plant. The city is becoming a major mercantile center, there are other manufactures: tanning, candle, brick, brewery, soda, skin coat, sawmill, and others.
On the 2nd of May, 1917 strong fire broke out in Barnaul. 40 quarters burned down—urban architecture has suffered. In the 20—40-ies of the XX century citizens of villages and small towns moved to the city, and Barnaul acquired the status of a center of agroindustrial region. In 1932 the largest in Western Siberia melange complex was founded there.
Because of the formation of the Altai Krai in 1937, Barnaul got the status of its administrative center.
During the Great Patriotic War about one hundred industrial enterprises of Moscow, Leningrad, Odessa, Kharkov and other cities occupied by German troops, settled in the city on a permanent basis.
In the postwar years the territory of Barnaul has increased by more than twice.
Because of the collapse of the Soviet Union Barnaul switched from predominantly industrial center to other areas of the economy: trade, services, construction and food industries.
Major industries in Barnaul are mechanical engineering and metalworking, chemical and petrochemical, building materials production, electric power.
The route network of passenger transport, including tram, trolleybus and bus communication, is developed in Barnaul. Barnaul is a large transport junction of Siberia, including railway, water, air and automobile transport.
There is an international bus station, a train station, a German Titov International Airport Barnaul, river port.
- Complex of the silver-refining plant
- Demidov Square – a standard of social-administrative squares
- Ensemble of Petropavlovskaya Line
- House Dimitrievskaya Church
- Polyakov Trade house
Telephones for emergency situations
Common emergency service – 01 (firemen, MES, police, medical emergency service)
Sources of getting information about touristic opportunities
Social-counseling center of the Administration of Barnaul city (3852) 29-1075, (3852) 29-1076
Official web-site of Barnaul city - www.barnaul.org
Official web-site of the Committee on Culture of Barnaul city - www.barnaulkultura.ru